Unified Interior Regions

Region 2: South Atlantic-Gulf (Includes Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands)

Regions L2 Landing Page Tabs

Filter Total Items: 365
Date published: December 22, 2016

Selected Roadway High-Water Mark Data from Hurricane Joaquin Flooding, October 2015

As part of the statewide response to the flooding, the USGS and S.C. Department of Transportation (SCDOT) conducted a cooperative study to collect high-water mark (HWM) data at 50 selected road crossings.

The HWM elevations and descriptive data have been posted on the USGS Short-Term Network (STN). The STN is a national-...

Date published: December 16, 2016
Status: Active

Environmental Fate and Transport of Contaminants of Emerging Concern (CEC), South Carolina

The contaminants of emerging concern (CEC) umbrella covers several broad classes of contaminants that include: pharmaceuticals and personal care products, organic wastewater compounds, antimicrobials, antibiotics, animal and human hormones, as well as domestic and industrial detergents. The potential impacts of CECs on the environment, in general, and on natural surface-water and riparian...

Contacts:
Date published: December 13, 2016
Status: Completed

Update for the South Carolina Atlantic Coastal Plain Groundwater Availability Model

Groundwater use from the Atlantic Coastal Plain aquifers in South Carolina has increased during the past 70 years as the population has increased along with demands for municipal, industrial, and agricultural water needs. While South Carolina works to increase development of water supplies in response to the rapid population growth, the State is facing a number of unanswered questions...

Contacts: Bruce Campbell
Date published: December 12, 2016
Status: Active

Development of a Guidance Manual for Assessing Scour Using the South Carolina Bridge-Scour Envelope Curves

The primary objective of this project is to develop an integrated procedure for assessing scour potential at riverine bridges in South Carolina utilizing the regional bridge-scour envelope curves developed in the three previous field investigations.

Date published: December 9, 2016
Status: Active

Determination of Changes in Water Quality, Streambed Sediment, and Benthic Macroinvertebrates as a Result of Stormwater Runoff from Selected Bridges in South Carolina

Past stormwater monitoring has indicated that bridge deck runoff has relatively high concentrations of a variety of constituents such as nutrients, solids, pesticides, trace metals, and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs). The objective of this investigation is to quantify the downstream changes in receiving water-quality conditions during periods of observable stormwater runoff from...

Date published: December 5, 2016
Status: Active

Quantifying Effects of Flow Variability on Riverine Biota

Stream and river biota around the world are imperiled by alterations to stream flow regimes that result from dams, land-use changes, water diversions and changing climate patterns. To manage and conserve stream-dependent species threatened by flow alterations, natural resource managers need quantitative information relating multiple aspects of ecological response to changes in a stream’s flow...

Date published: December 5, 2016
Status: Completed

WaterSMART: Apalachicola/Chattahoochee/ Flint River (ACF) Basin

The Challenge: The DOI WaterSMART (Sustain and Manage America’s Resources for Tomorrow) initiative is developing data and tools to help water managers identify current and future water shortages, for humans and for freshwater ecosystems. Fishes, for example, can decline in diversity and abundance when streamflow becomes too low, for too long.  However, ecologists find that effects of declining...

Date published: December 4, 2016
Status: Active

Biology, Impacts and Control of Invasive Reptiles in the Everglades

Invasive species are considered to be second only to habitat degradation in terms of negative impacts on the Earth’s ecosystems, and our scientists make up a significant proportion of the global expertise in the rapidly-growing problem of invasive reptiles.

Date published: December 2, 2016
Status: Active

USGS Everglades Research Offices - Florida

The Daniel Beard Center in Everglades National Park provides the base for most of the field work done on the control of invasive reptiles by USGS Fort Collins Science Center staff. The team works in Everglades National Park, Big Cypress National Preserve, Crocodile Lake National Wildlife Refuge, and other parts of the Greater Everglades Ecosystem focusing on, among other species of concern,...

Date published: November 26, 2016
Status: Active

Drought Conditions in Puerto Rico

A drought is a period of drier-than-normal conditions that results in water-related problems. When rainfall is less than normal for several weeks, months, or years, the flow of streams and rivers declines, water levels in lakes and reservoirs fall, and the depth to water in wells increases. If...

Date published: November 9, 2016
Status: Active

Mid-Currituck Bridge Water Quality, Currituck Sound, North Carolina

The North Carolina Department of Transportation is planning to make transportation improvements in the Currituck Sound area by constructing a three-lane bridge from U.S. Highway 158 just south of Coinjock, North Carolina, to State Highway 12 on the Outer Banks just south of Corolla, North Carolina. From Aug 2011 to early 2018, the USGS will be collecting regular water-quality samples as well...

Date published: November 8, 2016
Status: Completed

Evaluation of Nutrients in Durham County, North Carolina, Urban Streams

Falls Lake and Jordan Lake are included in the North Carolina Division of Water Quality's 303(d) list of "impaired" waters due to violations of the State chlorophyll-a standard caused by excessive nutrient inputs. Scientific data are needed allocate resources to achieve nutrient reduction targets have been adopted for the Falls Lake and Jordan Lake watersheds for stormwater, as well as for...

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Year Published: 2020

7700-year persistence of an isolated, free-living coral assemblage in the Galápagos Islands: A model for coral refugia?

In an eastern-Pacific coral assemblage at Devil’s Crown, Galápagos Islands, Ecuador, two coral species, Psammocora stellata and Cycloseris (Diaseris) distorta, form dense populations of unattached colonies on sand and rubble substrata. In the Galápagos, living C. (D.) distorta is found only at this single site, whereas populations of P. stellata...

Feingold, Joshua; Reigl, Bernhard; Hendrickson, Katie; Toth, Lauren T.; Cheng, Hai; Edwards, R. Lawrence; Aronson, Richard B.

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Year Published: 2020

Green turtle mitochondrial microsatellites indicate finer-scale natal homing to isolated islands than to continental nesting sites

 In highly mobile philopatric species, defining the scale of natal homing is fundamental to characterizing population dynamics and effectively managing distinct populations. Genetic tools have provided evidence of regional natal philopatry in marine turtles, but extensive sharing of maternally inherited mitochondrial control region (CR)...

Shamblin, Brian M.; Hart, Kristen; Martin, Kelly J.; Ceriani, Simona A.; Bagley, Dean A.; Mansfield, Katherine L.; Ehrhart, Llewellyn M.; Nairn, Campbell J.

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Year Published: 2020

Use of strong habitat–abundance relationships in assessing population status of cryptic fishes: An example using the Harlequin Darter

Understanding trends in abundance is important to fisheries conservation, but techniques for estimating streamwide abundance of cryptic fishes with strong habitat–abundance relationships are not well established and need further development. We developed techniques for addressing this need using the Harlequin Darter Etheostoma histrio, a...

Holcomb, Kathryn M; Schueller, Paul; Jelks, Howard L.; Knight, John R; Allen, Micheal S

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Year Published: 2020

Stormwater control impacts on runoff volume and peak flow: A meta-analysis of watershed modelling studies

Decades of research has concluded that the percent of impervious surface cover in a watershed is strongly linked to negative impacts on urban stream health. Recently, there has been a push by municipalities to offset these effects by installing structural stormwater control measures (SCMs), which are landscape features designed to retain and...

Bell, Colin D.; Wolfand, Jordyn M.; Panos, Chelsea L.; Bhaskar, Aditi S.; Gilliom, Ryan L.; Hogue, Terri S.; Hopkins, Kristina G.; Jefferson, Anne J.

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Year Published: 2020

Discovery of a reproducing wild population of the swamp eel Amphipnous cuchia (Hamilton, 1822) in North America

We report discovery of an established population of the Asian swamp eel Amphipnous cuchia (Hamilton, 1822) in Bayou St. John, an urban waterway in New Orleans, Louisiana, USA. This fish, commonly referred to as cuchia (kuchia), is a member of the family Synbranchidae and is native to southern and southeastern Asia. Recently-used synonyms...

Jordan, Frank; Nico, Leo; Huggins, Krystal; Martinat, Peter J.; Martinez, Dahlia A.; Rodrigues, Victoria L.

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Year Published: 2020

Magnitude and frequency of floods in Alabama, 2015

To improve flood-frequency estimates at rural streams in Alabama, annual exceedance probability flows at gaged locations and regional regression equations used to estimate annual exceedance probability flows at ungaged locations were developed by using current geospatial data, new analytical methods, and annual peak-flow data through September...

Anderson, Brandon T.
Anderson, B.T., 2020, Magnitude and frequency of floods in Alabama, 2015: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2020–5032, 148 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/sir20205032.

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Year Published: 2020

Disturbances drive changes in coral community assemblages and coral calcification capacity

Anthropogenic environmental change has increased coral reef disturbance regimes in recent decades, altering the structure and function of many coral reefs globally. In this study, we used coral community survey data collected from 1996 to 2015 to evaluate coral calcification capacity (CCC) dynamics with respect to recorded pulse disturbances for...

Courtney, Travis A.; Barnes, Brian B.; Chollett, Iliana; Elahi, Robin; Gross, Kevin; Guest, James R.; Kuffner, Ilsa B.; Lenz, Elizabeth A.; Nelson, Hanna R; Rogers, Caroline; Toth, Lauren T.; Andersson, Andreas J

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Year Published: 2020

Book review: Proceedings of the First International Snakehead Symposium

Snakehead fishes (family Channidae) are among the most maligned aquatic invasive species in the USA and some other countries where they have been introduced outside of their native range in Asia and Africa. Nevertheless, snakeheads continue to be widely exploited in the live‐food trade in aquaculture and wild‐capture fisheries, are highly sought...

Walsh, Stephen

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Year Published: 2020

The incubation environment of nests deposited by a genetically distinct group of loggerhead sea turtles in Northwest Florida

The warming climate presents a challenge to conservation of all threatened and endangered species but particularly to those that exhibit temperature-dependent sex determination such as sea turtles. Changes in temperature may result in changes in the sex ratio of the population which can directly affect reproductive rate, abundance and population...

Lamont, Margaret; Johnson, Darren; Carthy, Raymond

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Year Published: 2020

Potentiometric surface and hydrologic conditions of the South Coast aquifer, Santa Isabel area, Puerto Rico, March–April, 2014

A potentiometric surface map of the South Coast aquifer near Santa Isabel, Puerto Rico, was created from data collected during a synoptic survey of groundwater levels at 55 wells from March 31 to April 17, 2014. Measured groundwater level values ranged from −22.8 to 185.4 feet above mean sea level. During the study period, cumulative rainfall of 0...

Ramos, Félix A.; Santiago, Alex A.
Ramos, F.A., and Santiago, A.A., 2020, Potentiometric surface and hydrologic conditions of the South Coast aquifer, Santa Isabel area, Puerto Rico, March–April, 2014: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Map 3455, 4 p., 1 sheet, https://doi.org/10.3133/sim3455.

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Year Published: 2020

A graphical causal model for resolving species identity effects and biodiversity–ecosystem function correlations

Identifying and clearly communicating the drivers of ecosystem function is a crucially important goal for both basic and applied ecology. This has proven difficult because the putative causes (e.g., environment, species identity, biodiversity, and functional traits) are numerous and correlated. The problem is exacerbated by a lack of a formal...

Schoolmaster, Donald R.; Zirbel, Chad R; Cronin, James P.

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Year Published: 2020

Characterization of water-quality and bed-sediment conditions in Currituck Sound, North Carolina, prior to the Mid-Currituck Bridge construction, 2011–18

The North Carolina Turnpike Authority plans to improve transportation in the Currituck Sound area by constructing a two-lane bridge—the Mid-Currituck Bridge—across Currituck Sound from the mainland to the Outer Banks, North Carolina. The results of the final environmental impact statement for the project indicate potential water-quality and...

Harden, Stephen L.; Fitzgerald, Sharon A.; Wagner, Chad R.; Bristow, Emilia L.; Loftin, Keith A.; Rosen, Barry H.
Harden, S.L., Fitzgerald, S.A., Wagner, C.R., Bristow, E.L., Loftin, K.A., and Rosen, B.H., 2020, Characterization of water-quality and bed-sediment conditions in Currituck Sound, North Carolina, prior to the Mid-Currituck Bridge construction, 2011–18: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2020–1031, 67 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/ofr20201031. [Supersedes USGS Open-File Report 2015–1208.]

Filter Total Items: 500
Thermoelectric power plant with cooling towers, smokestacks, and transmission towers
April 9, 2016

Thermoelectric power plant Bowen owned by Georgia Power Company

Thermoelectric power plant Bowen owned by Georgia Power Company, from Highway 113, Euharlee, Bartow County, Georgia. Plant Bowen is one of the largest coal-fired power plants in the United States. Plant Bowen uses recirculating cooling, decreasing the amount of water that must be withdrawn.

January 30, 2016

Magical Manatees

This video was shot in Three Sisters Springs at the Crystal River National Wildlife Refuge, Florida. The footage was captured using a GoPro while conducting health check-ups and taking photography for population research on Jan. 30, 2014.

Special Thanks
Dr. Bob Bonde, USGS and the dozens of volunteers who conduct annual manatee health

Near vertical (top, middle) and low angle oblique (bottom) aerial photographs of Camp Lejeune, North Carolina.
December 31, 2015

Aerial photographs of Camp Lejeune, North Carolina

Near vertical (top, middle) and low angle oblique (bottom) aerial photographs of Camp Lejeune, North Carolina. View looking northwest along the North Carolina shore. Waves and surge from Hurricane Joaquin eroded the beach, causing significant shoreline retreat and a narrower beach. An overwash channel was reactivated, moving sand inland (green arrow) burying the marsh. The

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Near vertical (top, middle) and low angle oblique (bottom) aerial photographs of Topsail, North Carolina. 
December 31, 2015

Aerial photographs of Topsail, North Carolina

Near vertical (top, middle) and low angle oblique (bottom) aerial photographs of Topsail, North Carolina. View looking northwest along the North Carolina shore. Elevated storm-induced water levels overtopped the low dunes here causing the dune to overwash. Sand was transported landward, burying the marsh (green arrow). The yellow arrows in each image point to the same

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Near vertical (top, middle) and low angle oblique (bottom) aerial photographs of Oregon Inlet, North Carolina. 
December 31, 2015

Aerial photographs of Oregon Inlet, North Carolina

Near vertical (top, middle) and low angle oblique (bottom) aerial photographs of Oregon Inlet, North Carolina. View looking west along the North Carolina shore. High waves and storm surge from Hurricane Joaquin eroded the beach and inundated the low area in the backshore at Oregon Inlet (A, green box, blue arrows). Waves and surge also eroded the base of

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Near vertical (top, middle) and low angle oblique (bottom) aerial photographs of Rodanthe, North Carolina.
December 31, 2015

Aerial photographs of Rodanthe, North Carolina

Near vertical (top, middle) and low angle oblique (bottom) aerial photographs of Rodanthe, North Carolina. View looking west along the North Carolina shore. High waves and storm surge from Hurricane Joaquin eroded the beach, exposing the pilings of the homes to wave attack (green and orange arrows). The yellow box delineates the view of the low angel

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Near vertical (top, middle) and low angle oblique (bottom) aerial photographs of Salvo, North Carolina. 
December 31, 2015

Aerial photographs of Salvo, North Carolina

Near vertical (top, middle) and low angle oblique (bottom) aerial photographs of Salvo, North Carolina. View looking west along the North Carolina shore. Waves and surge from Hurricane Joaquin eroded the beach, causing significant shoreline retreat and a narrower beach, leaving deposits of darker sand at the base of the dune (green arrow). The yellow arrows in each image

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A healthy coral reef at Buck Island, U.S. Virgin Island
December 31, 2015

Elkhorn coral anchors a healthy reef

Healthy Elkhorn coral (Acropora palmata) near unpopulated Buck Island, U.S. Virgin Islands. Elkhorn coral is one of many important reef-building species that create 3D structure on the seafloor. Coral reef structure provides habitat for marine life and helps break up waves as they approach the coastline.

aerial photographs of Hatteras, North Carolina.
December 31, 2015

Aerial photographs of Hatteras, North Carolina

Near vertical (top, middle) and low angle oblique (bottom) aerial photographs of Hatteras, North Carolina. View looking north along the North Carolina shore. Waves and surge from Hurricane Joaquin eroded the beach, causing significant shoreline retreat and a narrower beach at the location of the Hurricane Isabel breach in 2003 (green arrow). The yellow

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Elkhorn coral has died and turned to rubble.
December 31, 2015

Corals die, turn to rubble

These Elkhorn corals (Acropora palmata) near Buck Island, U.S. Virgin Islands have died and collapsed into rubble. As coral reef structure degrades, valuable habitat for marine life is lost and nearby coastlines become more susceptible to storms, waves and erosion.

Filter Total Items: 393
USGS
September 13, 2010

Gainesville, FL. -- The first genetic study to compare nuclear DNA of endangered Antillean manatees in Belize with Florida manatees confirmed their designation as separate subspecies. Belize’s manatees, however, were found to have extremely low genetic diversity, raising questions about their long-term genetic viability.

USGS
August 9, 2010

Identifying watersheds with naturally occurring geologic sources of phosphorus will be easier with the release of a new map by the U.S. Geological Survey.

USGS
June 4, 2010

A wetland primer recently published by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) provides a comprehensive new view of how central Florida’s freshwater wetlands function and how their benefits can contribute to environmental sustainability.

USGS
June 1, 2010

The importance of a ‘blanket effect’ caused by layers of fresh and salt water in two warmwater manatee refuges along the coast of southwest Florida has been documented by a team of U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) and U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service scientists. 

USGS
May 13, 2010

Rivers throughout middle Tennessee crested at record high levels last week.  They exceeded previous highs at many streamgages by as much as 14 feet, according to preliminary estimates released today by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS).  

USGS
May 6, 2010

The May 1-2 storm that brought heavy rains to the southeastern U.S. resulted in record high flows for many rivers in middle Tennessee, according to preliminary estimates released today by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS).

USGS
April 15, 2010

Ilya, an adventurous manatee that wandered as far north as Cape Cod last summer, has recently been sighted at several locations around Miami’s Biscayne Bay, confirmed U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) biologists.

USGS science for a changing world logo
November 20, 2009

Toxins in coal-tar-based sealcoats in parking lots may be the culprit in contaminated house dust, according to a USGS study. PAHs – or polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons – are large molecules found in oil, coal and tar deposits, and can have toxic effects.

USGS science for a changing world logo
November 4, 2009

The epic flooding that hit the Atlanta area in September was so extremely rare that, six weeks later this event has defied attempts to describe it. Scientists have reviewed the numbers and they are stunning.

USGS science for a changing world logo
October 23, 2009

While most people head to Myrtle Beach for vacation, a group of scientists have been hitting the famous South Carolina beach for years to figure out how to keep the sand from washing away. Although they studied only a limited segment of beach, their work is a model for beach preservation that can apply elsewhere.

USGS science for a changing world logo
October 13, 2009

Five giant non-native snake species would pose high risks to the health of ecosystems in the United States should they become established here, according to a U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) report released today.
The USGS report details the risks of nine non-native boa, anaconda and python species that are invasive or potentially invasive in the United States.

Follow Region 2 activities on social media, get contact information for Region 2 USGS centers, and meet Region 2's staff and center directors. 

Filter Total Items: 283