Unified Interior Regions

Region 2: South Atlantic-Gulf (Includes Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands)

Regions L2 Landing Page Tabs

Filter Total Items: 371
Date published: October 26, 2016

Hydrologic Assessment of New Hanover County, NC Aquifers

New Hanover County is one of the most populated areas along the North Carolina coastline and the population is projected to expand by 25 percent over the next 20 years. County managers and town planners are concerned about escalating demand for groundwater within the county and recognize the importance of high-quality drinking water to meet the demands of a growing population.

This...

Date published: October 24, 2016
Status: Completed

Fate and Transport of Pathogens and Nutrients from Land-Applied Animal Manures

This collaborative project between the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA) and the USGS was conducted as part of a larger research program being undertaken by USEPA and the U.S Department of Agriculture at several research sites throughout the United States. Goals included:

1. Obtain detailed data concerning the survival of pathogenic microorganisms from manure applied to soil...

Date published: October 24, 2016
Status: Completed

Factors Affecting Nitrogen and Phosphorus Loads in Nutrient-Sensitive Water of Eastern North Carolina

Data collected between 1997 and 2008 at 48 stream sites were used to characterize relations between watershed settings and stream nutrient yields throughout central and eastern North Carolina. The focus of the investigation was to identify environmental variables in watersheds that influence nutrient export for supporting the development and prioritization of management strategies for...

Date published: October 21, 2016

Demographic and Population Models to Assess Recovery and Status of the Endangered Florida Manatee

Population models developed by USGS are the primary decision-support tools used for status assessments, and rely on estimates of adult survival and reproduction rates from mark-recapture studies.

Date published: October 19, 2016

Characterization of subsurface bedrock fractures at GMH Electronics EPA Superfund Site near Roxboro, NC

The US Environmental Protection designated a former electronics manufacturing facility as a Superfund cleanup site near Roxboro, North Carolina. Operations at a former gasoline station/store and electronic component production facility may have resulted in the presence of a volatile-organic compound (VOC) plume in groundwater in the area; referred to as the "GMH Electronics Site".

The...

Date published: October 19, 2016
Status: Active

Modeling, Estimation, and Adaptive Management of Florida Manatees

The Challenge: Florida manatees are threatened by watercraft-related mortality, the potential loss of warmwater habitat, red tide events, and other anthropogenic factors. The USFWS and the Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission have regulatory authorities under the Endangered Species Act (ESA), the Marine Mammal Protection Act (MMPA), and state statutes to recover manatees. To...

Date published: October 19, 2016

Effects of Land-Applied Biosolids on Water Quality in the Jordan Lake Watershed, North Carolina

Land application of municipal wastewater biosolids is the most common method of biosolids management used in North Carolina and the United States. Biosolids have characteristics that may be beneficial to soil and plants. Land application can take advantage of these beneficial qualities, whereas disposal in landfills or incineration poses no beneficial use of the waste.

However, recent...

Contacts: Chad R Wagner
Date published: October 17, 2016
Status: Active

Brunswick County, NC Groundwater-Level Monitoring

Since 2000, the population of Brunswick County has grown by more than 50%. A growth of this magnitude places significant stress on Brunswick County’s natural resources. County planners have recognized the potential consequences of land use changes associated with growth and the resulting increased demand on water resources by consolidating the many public utility providers into one...

Date published: October 16, 2016

Modeling Past Variation in Florida Manatee Survival, Breeding, and Movements Rates to Establish Baselines for Aquatic Ecosystem and Restoration Research

Long-term monitoring data in the Manatee Individual Photo-identification System (MIPS), developed and coordinated by WARC-Sirenia Project in collaboration with Florida’s Fish and Wildlife Research Institute and Mote Marine Laboratory, are the basis for modeling manatee demography rates.

Date published: October 14, 2016
Status: Active

West Indian Manatee Population Genetics

Nuclear microsatellite markers have been developed and implemented on ~2,000 West Indian manatees. These markers provide individual genetic fingerprints for mark-recapture studies, population structure information for the conservation of unique or isolated populations, and pedigree and relatedness information for addressing inbreeding and breeding structure patterns.

Date published: October 12, 2016
Status: Active

Manatee Health Assessment and Biomedical Studies

A multi-agency effort assesses the health of manatees and provides baseline information on their health, reproductive status, and nutritional condition.

Date published: October 11, 2016
Status: Active

Ft. Gordon, Georgia, Stormwater Assessment

Fort Gordon is a U.S. Department of the Army facility located in east-central Georgia, approximately 10 miles west of Augusta, Georgia). The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) South Atlantic Water Science Center is working cooperatively with the U.S. Department of the Army Environmental and Natural Resources Management Office of the U.S. Army Signal Center and Fort Gordon to assess the quality of...

Contacts: Doug D Nagle
Filter Total Items: 5,375
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Year Published: 2020

Hydrologic signals and surprises in U.S. streamflow records during urbanization

Urban development has been observed to lead to variable magnitudes of change for stormflow volume and directions of baseflow change across cities. This work examines temporal streamflow trends across the flow duration curve in 53 watersheds during periods of peak urban development, which ranged from 1939 to 2016. We used U.S. Geological Survey...

Bhaskar, Aditi S.; Hopkins, Kristina G.; Smith, Brianne K; Stephens, Tim A; Miller, Andy J

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Year Published: 2020

Preserving connectivity under climate and land-use change: No one-size-fits-all approach for focal species in similar habitats

Habitat connectivity is essential for maintaining populations of wildlife species, especially as climate changes. Knowledge about the fate of existing habitat networks in a changing climate and in light of land-use change is critical for determining which types of conservation actions must be taken to maintain those networks. However, information...

Costanza, Jennifer K.; Watling, James I.; Sutherland, Ron; Belyea, Curtis; Dilkina, Bistra; Cayton, Heather; Bucklin, David N.; Romanach, Stephanie; Haddad, Nick M.

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Year Published: 2020

Acidification in the U.S. Southeast: Causes, potential consequences and the role of the Southeast Ocean and Coastal Acidification Network

Coastal acidification in southeastern U.S. estuaries and coastal waters is influenced by biological activity, run-off from the land, and increasing carbon dioxide in the atmosphere. Acidification can negatively impact coastal resources such as shellfish, finfish, and coral reefs, and the communities that rely on them. Organismal responses for...

Hall, Emily R.; Wickes, Leslie; Burnett, Louis; Scott, Geoffrey I.; Hernandez, Debra; Yates, Kimberly K.; Barbero, Leticia; Reimer, Janet J.; Baalousha, Mohammed; Mintz, Jennifer; Cai, Wei-Jun; Craig, J. Kevin; DeVoe, M. Richard; Fisher, William S.; Hathaway, Terri K.; Jewett, Elizabeth B.; Johnson, Zackary; Keener, Paula; Mordecai, Rua S.; Noakes, Scott; Phillips, Charlie; Sandifer, Paul; Schnetzer, Astrid; Styron, Jay

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Year Published: 2020

Using NASA Earth observations and Google Earth Engine to map winter cover crop conservation performance in the Chesapeake Bay watershed

Winter cover crops such as barley, rye, and wheat help to improve soil structure by increasing porosity, aggregate stability, and organic matter, while reducing the loss of agricultural nutrients and sediments into waterways. The environmental performance of cover crops is affected by choice of species, planting date, planting method, nutrient...

Thieme, Alison; Yadav, Sunita; Oddo, Perry C.; Fitz, John M.; McCartney, Sean; King, LeeAnn; Keppler, Jason; McCarty, Gregory W.; Hively, W. Dean

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Year Published: 2020

Effects of stormwater runoff from selected bridge decks on conditions of water, sediment, and biological quality in receiving waters in South Carolina, 2013 to 2018

The U.S. Geological Survey, in cooperation with the South Carolina Department of Transportation, investigated the effects of stormwater runoff from bridge decks on stream water quality conditions in South Carolina. The investigation assessed 5 bridges in 3 physiographic provinces in South Carolina (Piedmont, Upper Coastal Plain, and Lower Coast...

Journey, Celeste A.; Petkewich, Matthew; Conlon, Kevin J.; Caldwell, Andral W.; Clark, Jimmy M.; Riley, Jeffrey W.; Bradley, Paul M.
Journey, C.A., Petkewich, M.D., Conlon, K.J., Caldwell, A.W., Clark, J.M., Riley, J.W., and Bradley, P.M., 2020, Effects of stormwater runoff from selected bridge decks on conditions of water, sediment, and biological quality in receiving waters in South Carolina, 2013 to 2018: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2020–5046, 101 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/sir20205046.

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Year Published: 2020

Beloniformes: Belonidae (Needlefishes) and Hemiramphidae (Halfbeaks)

The order Beloniformes (or Synentognathi) contains two suborders, six families, 37 genera, and about 235 species of atherinomorph fishes (Rosen & Parenti 1981; Collette et al. 1984; Collette 2004). Features common to these fishes include dorsal and anal fins on the rear half of the body, abdominal pelvic fins with six soft rays, no fin spines...

Bruce B. Collette; Walsh, Stephen
Collette, B.B., and Walsh, S.J., 2020, Beloniformes: Belonidae (Needlefishes) and Hemiramphidae (Halfbeaks), Chapter 26, in Warren, M.L., Jr., and Burr, B.M., eds., Freshwater Fishes of North America, v. 2: Characidae to Poeciliidae, p. 449-462: Johns Hopkins University Press, https://jhupbooks.press.jhu.edu/title/freshwater-fishes-north-america/table-of-contents.

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Year Published: 2020

Continuous stream discharge, salinity, and associated data collected in the Lower St. Johns River and its tributaries, Florida, 2018

The U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Jacksonville District, plans to deepen the St. Johns River channel in Jacksonville, Florida, from 40 to 47 feet along 13 miles of the river channel, beginning at the mouth of the river at the Atlantic Ocean, in order to accommodate larger, fully loaded cargo vessels. The U.S. Geological Survey, in cooperation with...

Ryan, Patrick J.
Ryan, P.J., 2020, Continuous stream discharge, salinity, and associated data collected in the Lower St. Johns River and its tributaries, Florida, 2018: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2020–1061, 34 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/ofr20201061.

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Year Published: 2020

Methods to quality assure, plot, summarize, interpolate, and extend groundwater-level information—Examples for the Mississippi River Valley alluvial aquifer

Large-scale computational investigations of groundwater levels are proposed to accelerate science delivery through a workflow spanning database assembly, statistics, and information synthesis and packaging. A water-availability study of the Mississippi River alluvial plain, and particularly the Mississippi River Valley alluvial aquifer (MRVA), is...

Asquith, William H.; Seanor, Ronald C.; McGuire, Virginia L.; Kress, Wade

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Year Published: 2020

Space use and relative habitat selection for immature green turtles within a Caribbean marine protected area

Background A better understanding of sea turtle spatial ecology is critical for the continued conservation of imperiled sea turtles and their habitats. For resource managers to develop the most effective conservation strategies, it is especially important to examine how turtles use and select for habitats within their developmental foraging...

Griffin, Lucas P; Smith, Brian J.; Cherkiss, Michael; Crowder, Andrew; Pollock, Clayton G; Hillis-Starr, Zandy; Danylchuk, Andy J.; Hart, Kristen

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Year Published: 2020

Investigating the gene expression profiles of rehabilitated Florida manatees (Trichechus manatus latirostris) following red tide exposure

To investigate a Florida manatee (Trichechus manatus latirostris) mortality event following a red tide bloom in Southwest Florida, an RNA sequencing experiment was conducted. Gene expression changes in white blood cells were assessed in manatees rescued from a red tide affected area (n = 4) and a control group (n = 7) using RNA sequencing. The...

Lazensky, Rebecca; Hunter, Margaret; Amador, David M.; Al-Khedery, Basima; Yu, Fahong; Walsh, Cathy; Gitzendanner, Matthew A.; Tripp, Katie; Walsh, Mike; Denslow, Nancy D.

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Year Published: 2020

Imprint of regional oceanography on foraminifera of eastern Pacific Coral Reefs

The marginal marine environments of the eastern tropical Pacific (ETP) serve as an ideal natural laboratory to study how oceanographic and climatic variability influence coral-reef ecosystems. Reefs along the Pacific coast of Panamá span a natural gradient of nutrients, pH, and temperature as a result of stronger seasonal upwelling in the Gulf of...

Zamora-Duran, Angelica Maria; Aronson, Richard B.; Leichter, James J.; Flannery, Jennifer A.; Richey, Julie N.; Toth, Lauren T.

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Year Published: 2020

Mortality and cholinesterase inhibition in butterflies following aerial naled applications for mosquito control on the National Key Deer Refuge

Natural resource managers are concerned about the impacts of aerial ultra-low volume spray (ULV) of insecticides for mosquito control (i.e., mosquito adulticides) and seek science-driven management recommendations that reduce risk but allow vector control for nearby human populations. Managers at the National Key Deer Refuge (Florida Keys, FL) are...

Bargar, Timothy; Anderson, Chad; Sowers, Anthony

Filter Total Items: 498
Aerial Photographs of coastal area with lots of houses Key Largo, Florida
September 8, 2014

Aerial Photographs Collected from Key Largo, Florida

Baseline Coastal Oblique Aerial Photographs Collected from Key Largo, Florida, to the Florida/Georgia Border, September 5-6, 2014

Sediment-laden water from a tributary flowing into a clearer river
June 19, 2014

Sediment-laden water from a tributary can harm water quality of rivers

Sediment-laden water from a tributary, where development is probably taking place, entering the clearer Chattahoochee River near Atlanta, Georgia. If preventative measures are not taken on construction sites where runoff flows into a nearby stream or creek, results like this can happen. The large amount of suspended sediment can harm water quality of not only the tributary

...
View south/southeast along eastern shoreline in April 2014 shows a dense berm of mangrove trees. 
April 30, 2014

Berm at Jim Foot Key, Florida (2014)

In Photo: View south/southeast along eastern shoreline in April 2014 shows a dense berm of mangrove trees.  The bay is not visible. 

Scientists from the Florence Bascom Geoscience Center first sampled four islands in Florida Bay, Everglades National Park, in April 2014 to collect cores to study sea level rise and storm history in the region.  In September 2017,

...
Field crews on a Florida Bay island
April 14, 2014

Florida Bay island sediments reveal past, may foretell future

Field crew on Bob Allen Key in Florida Bay, Everglades National Park, April 14, 2014, conferring on next steps near core sites marked with orange flags.  The mangroves that form the islands’ perimeter are to the left and in the background. Photo: Anna Wachnicka, FIU [left to right: Lynn Wingard, Marci Marot, Christopher Bernhardt, Terry McCloskey, and James Murray,

...
USGS diver taking a core of a 100-year-old coral in USVI
August 19, 2013

USGS diver taking a core of a 100-year-old coral in USVI

USGS diver taking a core of a 100-year-old coral to allow reconstruction of past ocean temperatures in St. Thomas, U.S. Virgin Islands.

April 14, 2013

Shale Baseline Sampling of Groundwater in North Carolina

Melinda Chapman and Sharon Fitzgerald discuss the U.S. Geological Survey groundwater sampling program to characterize water-suppy well water quality in the area of North Carolina with potential for shale gas production. The sampling program is designed to provide a pre-devolpment baseline that can be compared with well-water quality after shale gas development has occurred

April 14, 2013

Shale Gas Baseline Sampling of Groundwater in NC-- QA/QC

Melinda Chapman and Sharon Fitzgerald discuss the U.S. Geological Survey quality control and quality assurance for the USGS groundwater sampling program to characterize water-suppy well water quality in the area of North Carolina with potential for shale gas production. The sampling program is designed to provide a pre-devolpment baseline that can be compared with well-

Filter Total Items: 399
USGS science for a changing world logo
August 31, 2009

The American Fisheries Society (AFS) is holding its 139th Annual Meeting in Nashville, Tenn., from Aug. 30-Sept. 3. This year's meeting theme is "Diversity – the Foundation of Fisheries and of AFS: Are We Gaining Ground?" Below are highlights from U.S. Geological Survey research presentations at the conference.

USGS science for a changing world logo
June 16, 2009

Spring nutrient delivery to the northern Gulf of Mexico is among the highest measured by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) in thirty years. Too many nutrients, which are essential for plant growth, are not necessarily a good thing.

USGS science for a changing world logo
June 12, 2009

Pesticide-related compounds and elevated levels of nitrate have been found in lakes in central Florida's Lake Wales Ridge region. The compounds found include currently used pesticides, according to the recently published U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) report.

USGS science for a changing world logo
April 15, 2009

Record-breaking floodwaters are working their way down Florida's Suwannee River from the Withlacoochee and Alapaha rivers. Crews from the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) are in the field measuring the height and volume of water that is rushing downstream.

USGS science for a changing world logo
April 7, 2009

While the Florida panhandle is under flooding, water levels in the streams and wells of southwest Florida are approaching record low levels for this time of year, putting parts of the state at risk of extreme hydrologic drought in the next few months. 

USGS science for a changing world logo
March 4, 2009

Florida Site Established for Tracking Seasonal Effects of Climate Change on Native Species
For the first time, a site in Florida has been established where citizens, students and researchers can track the seasonal effects of climate change on Florida's native plants and animals.

USGS science for a changing world logo
March 4, 2009

Florida Site Established for Tracking Seasonal Effects of Climate Change on Native Species
For the first time, a site in Florida has been established where citizens, students and researchers can track the seasonal effects of climate change on Florida's native plants and animals.

USGS
December 18, 2008

U.S. Geological Survey Deputy Director Robert Doyle has been selected as a Distinguished recipient of the Presidential Rank Award, a prestigious award that commends outstanding leadership and long-term accomplishments.

USGS
October 15, 2008

Education activity for local students to learn from water experts about the water resources in the Triangle area. Activities will include hands-on experiments.  Students will see, touch, and try on specialized gear used during water testing; and play interactive games to build and test their water knowledge.

USGS
October 9, 2008

Education activity for local students to learn from water experts about the water resources in the Triangle area. Activities will include hands-on experiments.  Students will see, touch, and try on specialized gear used during water testing; and play interactive games to build and test their water knowledge

Follow Region 2 activities on social media, get contact information for Region 2 USGS centers, and meet Region 2's staff and center directors. 

Filter Total Items: 283