Unified Interior Regions

Region 2: South Atlantic-Gulf (Includes Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands)

Regions L2 Landing Page Tabs

Filter Total Items: 365
Date published: April 7, 2016
Status: Active

Plant Community Dynamics in a Mangrove-to-Marsh Transition Zone

Mangroves will compete with salt marsh plants in transitional areas, and recent studies have documented the expansion of mangroves into marsh habitats. To better understand the plant community dynamics in this transition zone, USGS scientists are tracking vegeation changes over time in south Florida. 

Date published: April 7, 2016
Status: Active

Surface Elevation Vulnerability of Coastal Forested Wetlands to Sea-Level Rise

Wetlands vary in their abilities to keep up with sea-level rise; they either adjust vertically and/or move inland. USGS is working with partners around the world to measure rates of surface elevation change relative to local sea-level rise. 

Date published: April 6, 2016
Status: Active

Efficacy of eDNA as an Early Detection and Rapid Response Indicator for Burmese Pythons in the Northern Greater Everglades Ecosystem

Traditional approaches to locating Burmese pythons - including visual searches and trapping - have resulted in low detection. Environmental DNA - or eDNA - is increasingly being used to detect the presence of non-native species, particularly when traditional methods may not be adequate. 

Date published: April 6, 2016
Status: Active

Genetic Analysis of the Invasive Burmese Python to Aid Management and Population-Control Decision-Making

Invasive Burmese pythons threaten the success of Everglades restoration efforts. To assist with management and population control decision making, USGS scientists are implementing genetic studies to identify potential new entry pathways and to help quantify the size of the breeding population.

Date published: April 5, 2016
Status: Active

Population Biology and Ecology of Diamondback Terrapins in Mangrove Forested Ecosystems in the Greater Everglades

Long-term capture-recapture research in the Everglades National Park provides baseline information on the Diamondback Terrapin, a species that may be threatened by human disturbances.

Date published: April 5, 2016

Benthic Habitat Characterization and Habitat Use of Endangered Sea Turtles in Marine Protected Areas of the Greater Everglades

USGS assesses how federally endangered sea turtles use the habitat in and around a no-take area in the Dry Tortugas National Park.

Date published: March 30, 2016
Status: Active

Evaluation of Tegu Movements and Habitat Use in Relation to Location and Habitat

Tegus are breeding, they have a diverse diet, and they are established in areas throughout South Florida. USGS is tracking this problematic reptile species to better understand their movements and habitat use to help managers prevent dispersal into new areas.

Date published: March 22, 2016
Status: Active

Mechanisms of Coastal Marsh Elevation Regulation

Sediment deposition serves an important role in the long-term maintenance of coastal marshes. USGS investigates the mechanisms of coastal marsh elevation regulation to help predict marsh sediment requirements under various sea level rise scenarios. 

Date published: March 22, 2016
Status: Active

Connectivity of Tropical Marine Ecosystems: Understanding Biodiversity and Trophic Relationships in the Virgin Islands and Puerto Rico

Marine reserves and protected areas in the U.S. Virgin Islands and Puerto Rico encompass a variety of tropical ecosystems, including coral reefs, mangroves, and seagrass beds, but questions remain regarding how effective these areas are at preserving and protecting the habitats and species they encompass. USGS and collaborators address this question by examining the biodiversity and food web...

Date published: March 22, 2016
Status: Completed

Assessing the Past and Potential Future Impacts of Salt Water Intrusion on Tidal Swamp Habitat along the South Atlantic Coast

Using historical aerial photogrammetry, satellite imagery, or recent vegetation mapping efforts, as well as various models, USGS investigates salt water intrusion impacts on coastal habitats along the southern Atlantic coast. 

Date published: March 18, 2016
Status: Active

Establishing Explicit Biological Objectives to Guide Strategic Habitat Conservation for the Gulf Coast

To inform conservation efforts for the Gulf Coast, USGS is developing a suite of decision support tools to provide explicit population and habitat objectives.

Date published: March 18, 2016
Status: Active

Population Monitoring of the Federally Threatened Okaloosa Darter at Eglin Air Force Base

USGS' and Loyola University New Orleans' innovative research techniques played a role in the decision to downlist the Okaloosa Darter, a freshwater fish endemic to northwest Florida, from Endangered to Threatened.

Contacts: Howard Jelks
Filter Total Items: 5,251
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Year Published: 2019

Using maintenance records from a long-term sensor monitoring network to evaluate the relationship between maintenance schedule and data quality

Sensor-based environmental monitoring networks are beginning to provide the large-scale, long-term data required to address important fundamental and applied questions in ecology. However, the data quality from deployed sensors can be difficult and costly to ensure. In this study, we use maintenance records from the 12-year history of Louisiana’s...

Schoolmaster, Donald; Piazza, Sarai

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Year Published: 2019

Sedimentation survey of Lago Guayabal, Villalba, Puerto Rico, December 2017

The U.S. Geological Survey, in cooperation with the Puerto Rico Electric Power Authority, conducted a sedimentation survey of Lago Guayabal in 2017 to determine reservoir infill sedimentation rates, generate a bathymetric map of the bottom elevations of the reservoir, and create a stage-volume relation. The original (1913) capacity of Lago...

Gómez-Fragoso, Julieta M.; Rosario, Manuel
Gómez-Fragoso, J.M., and Rosario, M., 2019, Sedimentation survey of Lago Guayabal, Villalba, Puerto Rico, December 2017: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Map 3442, 1 sheet, https://doi.org/10.3133/sim3442.

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Year Published: 2019

Phosphorus runoff risk assessment in karstic regions of the U.S.

The Phosphorus (P) Index risk assessment tool has been widely adopted across the U.S. to identify and rank site vulnerability to P runoff as part of the Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS) nutrient management planning (NMP) process. However, limited success has been achieved in addressing the risk of P loss by subsurface flow pathways,...

Sharpley, Andrew N.; Hays, Phillip D.; Daniels, Michael B.; VanDevender, Karl W.

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Year Published: 2019

Exposure and potential effects of pesticides and pharmaceuticals in protected streams of the US National Park Service southeast Region

Globally protected areas offer refugia for a broad range of taxa including threatened and endangered species. The United States National Park Service (NPS) manages public lands to preserve biodiversity, but increasing park visitation and development of surrounding landscapes increase exposure to and effects from bioactive contaminants. The risk (...

Bradley, Paul; Romanok, Kristin; Duncan, Jeffrey R.; Battaglin, William; Clark, Jimmy; Hladik, Michelle; Huffman, Bradley; Iwanowicz, Luke; Journey, Celeste A.; Smalling, Kelly

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Year Published: 2019

Response of tidal marsh vegetation to pulsed increases in flooding and nitrogen

Worldwide, human activities have modified hydrology and nutrient loading regimes in coastal wetlands. Understanding the interplay between these drivers and subsequent response of wetland plant communities is essential to informing wetland management and restoration efforts. Recent restoration strategies in Louisiana proposes to use sediment...

McCoy, Meagan M; Sloey, Taylor M; Howard, Rebecca J.; Hester, Mark W.

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Year Published: 2019

A pragmatic approach for comparing species distribution models to increasing confidence in managing piping plover habitat

Conservation management often requires decision-making without perfect knowledge of the at-risk species or ecosystem. Species distribution models (SDMs) are useful but largely under-utilized due to model uncertainty. We provide a case study that utilizes an ensemble modeling approach of two independently derived SDMs to explicitly address common...

Maslo, Brooke; Zeigler, Sara; Drake, Evan; Pover, Todd; Plant, Nathaniel G.

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Year Published: 2019

Morphodynamic modelling of the wilderness breach, Fire Island, New York. Part I: Model set-up and validation

On October 29, 2012, storm surge and large waves produced by Hurricane 13 Sandy resulted in the formation of a breach in eastern Fire Island, NY. The goals of this study 14 are to gain a better understanding of the physical processes that govern breach behavior and 15 to assess whether process-based models can be used to forecast the evolution of...

van Ormondt, Maarten; Nelson, Timothy; Hapke, Cheryl; Roelvink, Dano

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Year Published: 2019

A comparison of hydrocarbon-related landscape disturbance patterns along the New York-Pennsylvania border, 2004–2013

Executive SummaryThe New York-Pennsylvania area has a long history of hydrocarbon extraction, and the addition of shale gas extraction methods contributes to landscape disturbance borne by previously developed oil and non-shale gas resources. The main unconventional extraction method used to extract shale gas from the Marcellus Shale located in...

Roig-Silva, Coral M.; Milheim, Lesley E.; Slonecker, E. Terrence; Kalaly, Siddiq; Chestnut, Joseph
Roig-Silva, C.M., Milheim, L.E., Slonecker, E.T., Kalaly, S., and Chestnut, J., 2019, A comparison of hydrocarbon-related landscape disturbance patterns along the New York-Pennsylvania border, 2004–2013: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2019–5096, 23 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/sir20195096.

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Year Published: 2019

Flood-frequency comparison from 1995 to 2016 and trends in peak streamflow in Arkansas, water years 1930–2016

In 2016, the U.S. Geological Survey, in cooperation with the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers and the Federal Emergency Management Agency, began a study in Arkansas to investigate possible increasing trends in annual peak streamflow data and the possible resulting increase in the annual exceedance probability flood (AEPF) predictions. Temporal trends...

Ensminger, Paul A.; Breaker, Brian K.
Ensminger, P.A., and Breaker, B.K., 2019, Flood-frequency comparison from 1995 to 2016 and trends in peak streamflow in Arkansas, water years 1930–2016: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2019–5131, 20 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/sir20195131.

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Year Published: 2019

Comparing live-capture methods for nutria: single- versus multiple-capture cage traps

Herbivory and burrowing by nutria (Myocastor coypus) cause substantial ecological and economic damage. Trapping is a common, effective practice for reducing nutria damage; however, trapping approaches must continually be adapted to keep pace with evolving animal welfare and ethical issues and to more effectively target pest species of interest....

Sheffels, Trevor R.; Carter, Jacoby; Sytsma, Mark S.; Taylor, Jimmy D.

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Year Published: 2019

Asian swamp eels in North America linked to the live-food trade and prayer-release rituals

We provide a history of swamp eel (family Synbranchidae) introductions around the globe and report the first confirmed nonindigenous records of Amphipnous cuchia in the wild. The species, native to Asia, is documented from five sites in the USA: the Passaic River, New Jersey (2007), Lake Needwood, Maryland (2014), a stream in Pennsylvania (2015),...

Nico, Leo; Kilian, Jay V.; Ropicki, Andrew J.; Harper, Matthew

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Year Published: 2019

Using δ13C and δ18O to analyze loblolly pine (Pinus taeda L.) response to experimental drought and fertilization

Drought frequency and intensity are projected to increase throughout the southeastern USA, the natural range of loblolly pine (Pinus taeda L.), and are expected to have major ecological and economic implications. We analyzed the carbon and oxygen isotopic compositions in tree ring cellulose of loblolly pine in a factorial drought (~30% throughfall...

Lin, Wen; Domec, Jean-Christophe; Ward, Eric; Marshall, John D.; King, John S; Laviner, Marshall A.; Fox, Thomas R; West, Jason B.; Sun, Ge; McNulty, Steve G; Noormets, Asko

Filter Total Items: 500
Sealcoated parking lot and storm drain
July 30, 2010

Sealcoated parking lot and storm drain

Runoff from this sealcoated lot will flow into the storm drain, where it will be transported to streams and lakes. Runoff from coal-tar-sealcoated pavement contains extremely high concentrations of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), and is toxic to aquatic life.  Read more

...
Sealcoat parking lot adjacent to storm drain
July 29, 2010

Sealcoated lot and adjacent storm drain

Runoff from this sealcoated lot will flow into the storm drain, where it will be transported to streams and lakes. Runoff from coal-tar-sealcoated pavement contains extremely high concentrations of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), and is toxic to aquatic life.  Read more

...
Sealcoated parking lot adjacent to sidewalk
July 29, 2010

Sealcoated parking lot

Sealcoated parking lot. Runoff from coal-tar-sealcoated pavement contains extremely high concentrations of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), and is toxic to aquatic life.  Read more here.

USGS
July 12, 2010

USGS Hydrologic Investigation of West Africa's Congo River (part two)

USGS South Carolina Water Science Center Data Chief, John Shelton in a special hydrologic expedition down West Africa's Congo River. In part two of this three part episode John describes the trials and tribulations of data collection on the Congo River.

June 2, 2010

Effects of Urbanization on Stream Ecosystems

Development can have negative effects on streams in urban and suburban areas. As a watershed becomes covered with pavement, sidewalks, and other types of urban land cover, stream organisms are confronted with an increased volume of storm water runoff, increased exposure to fertilizers and pesticides, and dramatic changes in physical living spaces within the stream itself.

USGS
April 30, 2010

GEOSMIN in South Carolina Water's, What is it?

USGS Water Quality Specialist Celeste Journey discusses Geosmin. What is it? What
causes it? and Will it harm you?

Image: Buffalo Trunkfish (Lactophrys trigonus)
March 6, 2010

Buffalo Trunkfish (Lactophrys trigonus)

The Buffalo Trunkfish (Lactophrys trigonus) is larger and less abundant than the Spotted and Smooth Trunkfishes seen frequently in the mangroves.

Close-up of manatee calf underwater
February 24, 2010

Curious manatee calf approaches scientist at Crystal River, Florida

A curious manatee calf encounters a snorkeling scientist as the USGS Sirenia Project conducts fieldwork at Crystal River National Wildlife Refuge, Florida

USGS
January 26, 2010

USGS Hydrologic Data Collection Program in North Carolina

USGS North Carolina Data Chief, Jeanne Robbins, provides an overview on hydrologic data collection techniques for North Carolina.

USGS
January 26, 2010

USGS Hydrologic Investigation of West Africa's Congo River (part one)

USGS South Carolina Water Science Center Data Chief, John Shelton in a special hydrologic expedition down the Congo River, West Africa. Part one of a three part episode, sets the stage for the trials and tribulations of water investigations for a changing world.

Image: Sinkholes in West-central Florida, Freeze Event of 2010
January 1, 2010

Sinkholes in West-central Florida, Freeze Event of 2010

More than 110 sinkholes formed in the Dover area of Florida during a freeze event in January 2010. Ground water levels dropped to record-setting lows as farmers pumped water to irrigate their plants for protection from the cold temperatures. The sinkholes destroyed homes, roads and sections of cultivated areas.

Image: Sinkholes in West-central Florida, Freeze Event of 2010
January 1, 2010

Sinkholes in West-central Florida, Freeze Event of 2010

Strawberry fields surrounded by residential housing with the irrigation pumphouse in the foreground. 

As residential areas encroach on agricultural areas, sinkholes that once only affected croplands, can now pose greater threats to communities and infrastructure. More than 110 sinkholes formed in the Dover area of Florida during a freeze event in January 2010. 

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Filter Total Items: 393
USGS science for a changing world logo
May 14, 2004

America’s rivers and streams are generally suitable for irrigation, supplying drinking water, and home and recreational uses. However, in areas with significant agricultural and urban development, the quality of our nation’s water resources has been degraded by contaminants such as pesticides, nutrients, and gasoline-related compounds.

USGS
May 14, 2004

America’s rivers and streams are generally suitable for irrigation, supplying drinking water, and home and recreational uses. However, in areas with significant agricultural and urban development, the quality of our nation’s water resources has been degraded by contaminants such as pesticides, nutrients, and gasoline-related compounds.

USGS science for a changing world logo
April 26, 2004

Farmlands, wetlands, forests and deserts that composed the American landscape in the early 20th century have frequently been transformed during the past 30 years into mushrooming metropolitan areas as urbanization spreads across the country.

USGS
April 26, 2004

Farmlands, wetlands, forests and deserts that composed the American landscape in the early 20th century have frequently been transformed during the past 30 years into mushrooming metropolitan areas as urbanization spreads across the country.

USGS science for a changing world logo
April 1, 2004

A new map from the U.S. Geological Survey and the Central United States Earthquake Consortium shows that Central States, including Arkansas, Tennessee, Missouri, Kentucky and Indiana are among the most seismically active states east of the Rocky Mountains. More than 800 earthquakes are cataloged on the map that depicts the locations of earthquakes large enough to be felt, since 1699.

USGS
April 1, 2004

A new map from the U.S. Geological Survey and the Central United States Earthquake Consortium shows that Central States, including Arkansas, Tennessee, Missouri, Kentucky and Indiana are among the most seismically active states east of the Rocky Mountains. More than 800 earthquakes are cataloged on the map that depicts the locations of earthquakes large enough to be felt, since 1699.

USGS science for a changing world logo
February 3, 2004

 

Because of an increasing awareness of the critical role of ground water in sustaining coastal populations, economies, and ecosystems, the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) has recently published a report that describes ground water conditions in freshwater and saltwater environments along the Atlantic coast. 

USGS science for a changing world logo
April 29, 2003

To find out more about the 4.9 magnitude earthquake that hit along the Alabama-Georgia state line on April 29, 2003, go to the USGS National Earthquake Information Center (NEIC) Web site http://neic.usgs.gov/neis/bulletin/neic_teak_l.html. General information and maps are featured.

USGS
April 29, 2003

To find out more about the 4.9 magnitude earthquake that hit along the Alabama-Georgia state line on April 29, 2003, go to the USGS National Earthquake Information Center (NEIC) Web site http://neic.usgs.gov/neis/bulletin/neic_teak_l.html. General information and maps are featured.

USGS science for a changing world logo
April 18, 2003

A minor earthquake, preliminary magnitude 3.5 according to the U.S. Geological Survey, occurred in Georgia at 1:04 am EST today. 

USGS
April 18, 2003

A minor earthquake, preliminary magnitude 3.5 according to the U.S. Geological Survey, occurred in Georgia at 1:04 am EST today.

USGS science for a changing world logo
April 10, 2003

The USGS has just completed a geologically based assessment of the technically recoverable, undiscovered oil and gas resources of the Appalachian Basin Province. This area includes parts of New York, Pennsylvania, Ohio, Maryland, West Virginia, Virginia, Kentucky, Tennessee, Georgia, and Alabama.

Follow Region 2 activities on social media, get contact information for Region 2 USGS centers, and meet Region 2's staff and center directors.