Unified Interior Regions

Region 2: South Atlantic-Gulf (Includes Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands)

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Year Published: 2019

Monitoring storm tide and flooding from Hurricane Irma along the U.S. Virgin Islands, Puerto Rico, and the Southeastern United States, September 2017

Hurricane Irma skirted the northern coasts of the U.S. Virgin Islands and Puerto Rico, with maximum sustained winds of 185 miles per hour (mi/h) on September 6, 2017. The hurricane first made landfall in Florida near Cudjoe Key, in the lower Florida Keys, with maximum sustained winds of 130 mi/h on September 10, 2017. The hurricane made a second...

Byrne, Michael J.; Dickman, Mark R.
Byrne, M.J., Sr., and Dickman, M.R., 2019, Monitoring storm tide and flooding from Hurricane Irma along the U.S. Virgin Islands, Puerto Rico, and the Southeastern United States, September 2017 (ver. 1.1, July 2019): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2019–1013, 35 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/ofr20191013.

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Year Published: 2019

The effects of geography, habitat, and humans on the ecology and demography of the Gopher tortoise (Gopherus polyphemus) in the southern Lake Wales Ridge region of Florida

A 35-year (1967–2002) demographic study was conducted on the gopher tortoise (Gopherus polyphemus) from two different habitats on Archbold Biological Station located on the southern end of the Lake Wales Ridge in south-central Florida. We found geographic, habitat, and human-mediated effects on several aspects of its biology. Our findings...

Meshaka, Walter E.; Layne, James N.; Rice, Kenneth G.

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Year Published: 2019

The circumtropical swarm population of the longspined porcupinefish (Diodon holocanthus Linnaeus)

Evidence is presented that Diodon holocanthus is a circumtropical swarm (not a hybrid swarm because the individuals are not hybrids). Some individuals are so differentfrom one another in both color and morphology that they appear to be different species. Thirty undersea and aquarium photographs from different global localities are...

Randall, John E; Rogers, Caroline; Ogden, John C

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Year Published: 2019

Advancing barrier island habitat mapping using landscape position information

Barrier islands are dynamic ecosystems that change gradually from coastal processes, including currents and tides, and rapidly from episodic events, such as storms. These islands provide many important ecosystem services, including storm protection and erosion control to the mainland, habitat for fish and wildlife, and tourism. Habitat maps,...

Enwright, Nicholas; Wang, Lei; Borchert, Sinéad M.; Day, Richard; Feher, Laura; Osland, Michael
.

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Year Published: 2019

Environmental DNA sampling reveals high occupancy rates of invasive Burmese pythons at wading bird breeding aggregations in the central Everglades

The Burmese python (Python bivittatus) is now established as a breeding population throughout south Florida, USA. However, the extent of the invasion, and the ecological impacts of this novel apex predator on animal communities are incompletely known, in large part because Burmese pythons (hereafter “pythons”) are extremely cryptic and there has...

Orzechowski, Sophia C. M.; Frederick, Peter C.; Dorazio, Robert M.; Hunter, Margaret

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Year Published: 2019

Regional protocol framework for the inventory and monitoring of breeding Atlantic Coast Piping Plovers

This regional protocol provides a framework for quantifying the number of breeding pairs and productivity of Atlantic Coast piping plover (Charadrius melodus) populations during the breeding season. A primary purpose of this protocol is to standardize piping plover monitoring during the breeding season. The survey techniques...

King, Erin; Katz, Rachel A.; Iaquinto, Kate E.; Suir, Kevin J.; Baldwin, M.J.; Hecht, A.

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Year Published: 2019

Quantifying hydrologic alteration in an area lacking current reference conditions—The Mississippi Alluvial Plain of the South-Central U.S.

To better understand the effects of hydrologic alteration as they relate to human and biological needs within the Mississippi Alluvial Plain of the south-central United States, the quantification of hydrologic alteration is required. Quantifying hydrologic alteration in the Mississippi Alluvial Plain is particularly difficult because of the lack...

Hart, Rheannon M.; Brian Breaker

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Year Published: 2019

Potential sea level rise for the Chitimacha Tribe of Louisiana

Situated in the Mississippi Alluvial Plain of the Gulf Coast Prairie Landscape Conservation Cooperative (GCP LCC), the Chitimacha Tribe is one of four federally recognized tribes in Louisiana. The Tribal seat, trust lands/ reservation, and adjacent Tribal owned lands are located near Charenton, Louisiana, totaling nearly 1,000 acres. The...

Spear, Kathryn A.; Jones, William; Griffith, Kereen; Tirpak, Blair E.; Walden, Kimberly
Spear, K.A., Jones, W., Griffith, K., Tirpak, B.E., and Walden, K., 2019, Potential sea level rise on Chitimacha Tribal Lands in Louisiana: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2019–1030, 1 sheet, https://doi.org/10.3133/ofr20191030.

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Year Published: 2019

Restoration affects sexual reproductive capacity in a salt marsh

Plant sexual reproduction is an important driver of plant community maintenance, dispersal, and recovery from disturbance. Despite this, sexual reproduction in habitats dominated by clonally spreading perennial species, such as salt marshes, is often ignored. Communities dominated by long-lived perennial species can still depend on sexual...

Jones, Scott F.; Yando, Erik S.; Stagg, Camille; Hall, Courtney T.; Hester, Mark W.

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Year Published: 2019

Microbial associations of four species of algal symbiont-bearing Foraminifers from the Florida Reef Tract, USA

While microbiome research is a rapidly expanding field of study, relatively little is known of the microbiomes associated with Foraminifera. This preliminary study investigated microbes associated with four species of Foraminifera, representing two taxonomic orders, which host three kinds of algal endosymbionts. A major objective was to explore...

Martin, Makenna M.; Kellogg, Christina A.; Hallock, Pamela

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Year Published: 2019

Improving eDNA yield and inhibitor reduction through increased water volumes and multi-filter isolation techniques

To inform management and conservation decisions, environmental DNA (eDNA) methods are used to detect genetic material shed into the water by imperiled and invasive species. Methodological enhancements are needed to reduce filter clogging, PCR inhibition, and false-negative detections when eDNA is at low concentrations. In the first of three simple...

Hunter, Margaret; Ferrante, Jason; Meigs-Friend, Gaia; Ulmer, Amelia

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Year Published: 2019

Tampa Bay Ocean and Coastal Acidification Monitoring Quality Assurance Project Plan

Coastal acidification caused by eutrophication, freshwater inflow, and upwelling is already affecting many estuaries worldwide and can be exacerbated by ocean acidification that is caused by increasing carbon dioxide in the atmosphere. Effective management, mitigation, and (or) adaptation to the effects of coastal and ocean acidification require...

Yates, Kimberly K.; Moore, Christopher S.; Goldstein, Nathan H.; Sherwood, Edward T.
Yates, K.K., Moore, C.S., Goldstein, N.H., and Sherwood, E.T., 2019, Tampa Bay Ocean and Coastal Acidification Monitoring Quality Assurance Project Plan: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2019–1003, 35 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/ofr20191003.

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Image: Collection Of Sediment And Water Sampling Prior To The Possible Occurrence Of Oil Contamination From The Deepwater Horizon Oil Well At Egmont Key, Florida

Collection Of Sediment And Water Sampling Prior To The Possible Occurrence Of Oil Contamination From The Deepwater Horizon Oil Well At Egmont Key, Florida

Bruce Bernard (left) and Scott McBride (right) obtain water and sediment samples at Egmont Key which is about 1 mile west of the mouth of Tampa Bay in the Gulf of Mexico. Samples were collected June 14, 2010 prior to the possible occurrence of oil contamination from the Deepwater Horizon's oil well.

Image: A Burmese Python and an Alligator Encounter in South Florida

A Burmese Python and an Alligator Encounter in South Florida

A Burmese python (Python molurus) peeks over the head of an alligator that holds the python's body in its mouth in Everglades National Park. Photo courtesy of Lori Oberhofer, National Park Service.

Image: Flat Cays, U.S. Virgin Islands Coral Reef

Flat Cays, U.S. Virgin Islands Coral Reef

Shallow coral reefs in the U.S. Virgin Islands are in jeopardy due to climate warming and ocean acidification.

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