Unified Interior Regions

Region 3: Great Lakes

Great Lakes Restoration Initiative

Great Lakes Restoration Initiative

For more information on the Great Lakes and work being done, check out the Great Lakes Restoration Initiative website here! 

GLRI

USGS Science Centers in the Great Lakes Region

For more information on what each center is doing in the Great Lakes, please follow the links below! 

Great Lakes Science Center

Ohio-Kentucky-Indiana Water Science Center

Upper Midwest Water Science Center

Upper Midwest Environmental Sciences Center

National Wildlife Health Center

Regions L2 Landing Page Tabs

Welcome to Region 3! Our Region includes the states of Minnesota, Wisconsin, Michigan, Indiana, and Ohio. We conduct science to inform resource managers on issues such as aquatic invasive species, water quality and availability, wildlife disease, and restoration of fish/wildlife and their habitats.

News

Date published: October 21, 2019

Low-Level Flights to Image 3D Geology in Illinois, Kentucky and Indiana

Editor: In the public interest and in accordance with the Federal Aviation Administration regulations, the USGS is announcing this low-level airborne project. Your assistance in informing the local communities is appreciated.

Date published: October 3, 2019

USGS Estimates 214 trillion Cubic Feet of Natural Gas in Appalachian Basin Formations

The Marcellus Shale and Point Pleasant-Utica Shale formations of the Appalachian Basin contain an estimated mean of 214 trillion cubic feet of undiscovered, technically recoverable continuous resources of natural gas, according to new USGS assessments.

Date published: March 6, 2019

Newly Hatched Invasive Grass Carp Found in Maumee River, Ohio

A genetic analysis conducted by the U.S. Geological Survey recently confirmed that  larval, or newly hatched, fish collected from the Maumee River during the summer of 2018 are grass carp, one species of invasive Asian carps that threaten the Great Lakes. The Maumee River is a tributary to Lake Erie.

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Team of scientists stand in front of outcrop
Date Published: June 4, 2019
Status: Active

Appalachian Basin Geologic Mapping Project

The Appalachian Basin Geologic Mapping Project performs geologic mapping at local and regional scales, and geologic research in The Valley and Ridge and Appalachian Plateaus physiographic provinces. These provinces include parts of 11 states and mainly borders the Blue Ridge / Piedmont and North Interior Lowlands Provinces. Two states have Valley and Ridge geology only (GA, NJ), two have...

Trout Creek flowing through scrubby forest and grassland
Date Published: April 17, 2019
Status: Active

Water Quality Across Regional Stream Networks: The Influence of Land Cover and Land Use, Climate, and Biogeochemical Processing on Spatiotemporal Variance

Land cover and land use (LC/LU), climate, and biogeochemical processing are significant drivers of water quality in streams and rivers over broad scales of space and time. As LC/LU and climate continue to change we can expect changes in water quality. This project seeks to understand the drivers of spatial and temporal variability in water quality across scales using new and existing data to...

Wild Rice River Sediment Depositional Area
Date Published: April 13, 2019
Status: Active

Ecoflows: Developing Indices of Streamflow Alteration

The Minnesota Pollution Control Agency (MPCA) lists streamflow alteration as a key stressor on aquatic life in many watersheds. However, the MPCA currently does not have the information needed to quantitatively associate metrics from Index of Biological Integrity (IBI) surveys with metrics of streamflow alteration.  We are using USGS streamgage data and MPCA IBI data to develop relations...

Contacts: Jeffrey Ziegeweid, Aliesha L Krall, Greg Johnson, Kara Fitzpatrick
Photo of a typical edge-of-field surface site
Date Published: April 12, 2019
Status: Active

Edge-of-field monitoring

Edge-of-field monitoring focuses on identifying and reducing agricultural sources of excess nutrients which can threaten the health of streams, rivers, and lakes. Edge-of-field monitoring assesses the quantity and quality of agricultural runoff and evaluates the effectiveness of conservation practices that aim to reduce nutrient loss.

Locations of sites sampled along US tributaries to the Great Lakes
Date Published: April 10, 2019
Status: Active

Chemicals of Concern in the Great Lakes Basin

The Great Lakes are an important freshwater source of drinking water, fisheries, and habitat. Chemicals of concern are introduced to the environment by human activities, but resulting ecological consequences are little understood. With federal and University partners, we are characterizing the presence of contaminants and potential effects to fish in Great Lakes tributaries.

Contacts: Sarah M Elliott, Stephanie Hummel
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USGS
November 20, 2019

This data release provides multi-element data for drill core samples from the Mesoproterozoic Nonesuch Formation and Copper Harbor Conglomerate at the Copperwood copper deposit, Michigan, USA. Gold, platinum, and palladium data were collected by fire assay; copper and silver were collected by assay; and other elements were collected by inductively coupled plasma-optical emission spect

USGS
November 18, 2019

This publication provides digital flight line data for a high-resolution horizontal magnetic gradient and radiometric survey over an area of southeast Missouri and western Illinois. The survey represents the first airborne geophysical survey conducted as part of the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) Earth Mapping Resource Initiative (Earth MRI) effort (Day, 2019). Earth MRI is a coopera

Water Alert map screenshot
October 24, 2019

The U.S. Geological Survey WaterAlert service sends e-mail or text (SMS) messages when certain parameters, as measured by a USGS real-time data-collection station, exceed user-definable thresholds. The development and maintenance of the WaterAlert system is supported by the USGS and its partners, including numerous federal, state, and local agencies.

USGS
October 2, 2019

This data release contains the boundaries of assessment units and input data for the assessment of undiscovered gas resources in the Middle Devonian Marcellus Shale of the Appalachian Basin Province, 2019. The Assessment Unit is the fundamental unit used in the National Assessment Project for the assessment of undiscovered oil and gas resources. The Assessment Unit is defined within the conte

USGS
October 2, 2019

This data release contains the boundaries of assessment units and input data for the assessment of undiscovered gas hydrate resources on the north slope of Alaska. The Assessment Unit is the fundamental unit used in the National Assessment Project for the assessment of undiscovered oil and gas resources. The Assessment Unit is defined within the context of the higher-level Total Petroleum Syste

USGS
September 5, 2019

This dataset contains a summary of the characteristics of near-surface flow reversals at the Electric Dispersal Barrier System (EDBS) on the Chicago Sanitary and Ship Canal at Romeoville, Illinois, during Water Year 2018 (October 1, 2017, to September 30, 2018). Water velocity near the water surface is measured on a five-minute sampling interval in the EDBS using using a CODAR R

USGS
March 21, 2019

Recent production of light sweet oil from shallow (~2,000 ft) horizontal wells in the Upper Devonian Berea Sandstone of eastern Kentucky and historical oil production from conventional wells in the Berea of adjoining southern Ohio has prompted re-evaluation of Devonian petroleum systems in the central Appalachian Basin. Herein, we examined Upper Devonian Ohio Shale (lower Huron Member

Screenshot of National Ground-Water Monitoring Network (NGWMN) data portal
March 4, 2019

The NGWMN Data Portal provides access to groundwater data from multiple, dispersed databases in a web-based mapping application. The Portal contains current and historical data including water levels, water quality, lithology, and well construction.

USGS
January 1, 2019

Regional grid files and 3D voxel models were used to study crustal architecture beneath the Southern Midcontinent (USA) by McCafferty and others (2019). The study covered a rectangular, multi-state area of 924 by 924 kilometers centered on Missouri, and a corresponding volume extending from the topographic surface to a depth of 50 kilometers below sea level. The grid files consist of

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Western Lake Erie Basin (WLEB) watersheds of Ohio and Indiana showing the USGS monitoring stations
March 22, 2019

Western Lake Erie Basin (WLEB) projects map depicts the sites and watersheds, as well as the data for each site through the interactive map.

USGS Streamflow and water-quality data including nutrient and sediment concentrations and daily, monthly, and annual loads are available on NWISWeb.

Screenshot of the FishVis mapper
November 19, 2016

The FishVis Mapper is the product of an Upper Midwest and Great Lakes LCC project, “A Regional Decision Support Tool for Identifying Vulnerabilities of Riverine Habitat and Fishes to Climate Change” that developed an approach for predicting fish species occurrence under current climate conditions and project how fish species occurrence may change under future climate conditions.

Screenshot of the Michigan Lake Water Clarity Interactive Map Viewer
September 15, 2016

Available online are estimated Secchi-disk transparency (eSDT) and corresponding estimated trophic state index (eTSI) values for Michigan inland lakes. To view available eSDT for Michigan inland lakes greater than 20 acres without interference from clouds, cloud shadows, dense vegetation or shoreline, go to the Michigan Lake Water Clarity Interactive Map Viewer. 

map of the ground water sites in the Louisville aquifer
June 15, 2016

The alluvial aquifer at Louisville, Kentucky, lies in a valley eroded by glacial melt-water that was later partly filled with outwash sand and gravel deposits. To monitor the groundwater levels, twenty-eight existing wells were incorporated into an observation well network, which is measured quarterly. Hydrographs from the continuous recorder wells depict the trends in the groundwater levels.

Digital Elevation Model in the Atchafalaya Basin, LA
April 19, 2016

The 3DEP products and services available through The National Map consist of standard digital elevation models (DEMs) at various horizontal resolutions, elevation source and associated datasets, an elevation point query service and bulk point query service. All 3DEP products are available, free of charge and without use restrictions.

Bad River mapper
April 10, 2016

The Bad River Groundwater Model Mapper accompanies the report "Groundwater-Surface Water Interactions in the Bad River Watershed, Wisconsin". The mapper displays model inputs such as aquifer recharge and hydraulic conductivity; outputs including water-table elevations, groundwater-flow directions, and stream baseflows; and the results of an analysis evaluating potential monitoring well locations.

Screen capture of the Red-Assiniboine SPARROW online mapper.
April 10, 2016

This mapper displays SPARROW nutrient load and yield data and the importance of various nutrient sources for the RARB, given nutrient inputs similar to 2002. Rankings can be shown by country, state/province, HUC4, HUC8, and catchment. Nutrient data can be explored using maps and interactive graphs and tables. Modeling results can be exported as an Excel spreadsheet or a geospatial dataset.

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Illustration of the Graphical Constituent Loading Analysis System website
June 20, 2017

GCLAS is a program designed primarily to compute daily and annual loadings of constituents transported in streamflow.

Screen shot of The Random Landscape Tool’s interface.
March 8, 2017

Random Landscape Tool uses a raster data source and a table of classifications to create a random landscape. The classification table allows the user to weight the probability of occurrence to certain classes and to spatially restrict the distribution of classes to certain areas (zones).  

Shiny Apps
February 15, 2017

This data exploration tool is intented for use by researchers, resource managers, and the public to better understand the status of the fish community in Lake Erie.

Data entry for Calculate Streamflow Depletion by Nearby Pumping Well
May 16, 2008

STRMDEPL08—An Extended Version of STRMDEPL with Additional Analytical Solutions to Calculate Streamflow Depletion by Nearby Pumping Well

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Photo: USGS scientists install a double ring infiltrometer in a grassy field.
December 31, 2019

USGS scientists install a double ring infiltrometer

In this photo, USGS scientists Megan Haserodt (Hydrologist) and Jenelle Wempner (Student Intern) install a double ring infiltrometer along a recreated floodplain of Underwood Creek, a tributary to the Milwaukee River and Lake Michigan in Milwaukee, Wisconsin. The work is part of a larger study of how overbank flows and shallow groundwater in floodplains are connected for

...
Illustration of subsurface-drained agricultural field
December 31, 2019

Illustration of subsurface-drained agricultural field

A hypothetical configuration of one of the two drained field sites, including a weather station for measuring climate data, a piezometer network for continuous water level measurements, soil moisture probes, and subsurface drainage flow. The third undrained field site will have a similar configuration, with the absence of subsurface drainage flow.

Grass carp larvae
December 31, 2019

Grass carp larvae

These images show grass carp larvae from the Maumee River. Characteristics of larval grass carp include overall length (left), skeletal muscle development (center) and presence of an eye spot that lacks pigmentation (right; pigment starting to develop on lower eye).

Streamgage mounted to bridge, view facing downstream river at dusk
December 31, 2019

Durand streamgage mounted to bridge

Durand streamgage mounted to bridge - looking downstream.

Scientists in boat in river
December 31, 2019

View from Durand bridge of boat crew conducting multibeam surveys

View from Durand bridge of boat crew conducting multibeam surveys

Hydrologic Technician using crane to collect a bedload sample from the bridge
December 31, 2019

Hydro-tech using crane to collect a bedload sample from bridge

Hydrologic Technician using crane to collect a bedload sample from the bridge.

Map dissolved oxygen and turbidity Milwaukee River
December 31, 2019

Map dissolved oxygen and turbidity Milwaukee River

Map of dissolved oxygen and turbidity along the Milwaukee River.

These data are preliminary or provisional and are subject to revision. They are being provided to meet the need for timely best science.

White River in Downtown Indianapolis, IN
December 11, 2019

White River in Downtown Indianapolis, IN

Photograph showing the White River downstream from the White River Trail bridge, looking east toward White River State Park in downtown Indianapolis, Indiana. Photograph by Matt Williams, The Nature Conservancy.

One wild turkey in Wisconsin
November 29, 2019

One wild turkey in Wisconsin

One wild turkey in Wisconsin

Pectoral Spine Cross Section
September 20, 2019

Aging a Fish Using a Spine

A pectoral spine cross section from invasive grass carp captured in the Great Lakes. These cross sections are used to determine the age of the fish.

Fish Vertebra Cross Section
September 20, 2019

Aging a Fish Using a Vertebra Cross Section

Cross section of a fish vertebra. Useful for determining the age of a fish.

Dr. Ed Roseman speaking at AOC meeting in Cleveland
September 11, 2019

Dr. Ed Roseman Delivers Plenary Address to AOC Meeting in Cleveland

GSLC research fish biologist, Dr. Ed Roseman, delivers a plenary address at the Great Lakes Areas of Concern (AOC) conference on September 11-12, 2019.

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EON Geosciences Piper Navajo Airplane with Tail Stinger Magnetometer
October 21, 2019

Editor: In the public interest and in accordance with the Federal Aviation Administration regulations, the USGS is announcing this low-level airborne project. Your assistance in informing the local communities is appreciated.

Image shows a map of the Eastern United States with the boundaries of the Marcellus Shale superimposed
October 3, 2019

The Marcellus Shale and Point Pleasant-Utica Shale formations of the Appalachian Basin contain an estimated mean of 214 trillion cubic feet of undiscovered, technically recoverable continuous resources of natural gas, according to new USGS assessments.

Image of a grass carp
March 6, 2019

A genetic analysis conducted by the U.S. Geological Survey recently confirmed that  larval, or newly hatched, fish collected from the Maumee River during the summer of 2018 are grass carp, one species of invasive Asian carps that threaten the Great Lakes. The Maumee River is a tributary to Lake Erie.

Photo of a rural wadeable stream in Wisconsin
February 19, 2019

Two types of human-associated bacteria and three types of human viruses were detected in Milwaukee streams within the Menomonee River watershed, according to a recent study led by the U.S. Geological Survey.

Drinking water from tap
December 20, 2018

Minnesota well drillers and landowners will now have new tools to help predict arsenic concentrations in drinking water when building domestic water wells, according to a recent U.S. Geological Survey study.

Michigan
March 1, 2018

Residents and visitors may witness a low-flying airplane above the broader Iron Mountain-Escanaba-Marquette region starting at the beginning of April, 2018.

USGS' Brian Selck samples a private well in Lycoming County, PA
February 8, 2018

The reliability of arsenic testing for drinking water in Minnesota depends on how and when well water samples are collected, according to a new U.S. Geological Survey and the Minnesota Department of Health study, which highlights ways to improve the accuracy of arsenic tests for private wells.

Image shows a screenshot of the Mid-Continent Rift Story Map
January 25, 2018

The first great geologic expeditions of the United States set off in the mid-1800s, equipped with mules, rifles, and early scientific instruments. Their goal: to uncover the great mineral wealth of the United States and learn about its earliest geologic history.

Photo of a young girl drinking water, which likely originated from groundwater sources. 
December 7, 2017

A regional assessment of untreated groundwater in the Cambrian-Ordovician aquifer system, which includes parts of Minnesota, Wisconsin, Michigan, Iowa, Illinois, Missouri and Indiana, is now available from the U.S. Geological Survey.

Exterior of a municipal water pumping station
December 6, 2017

Oxygen levels, dissolved minerals among factors responsible for high concentrations of radium in untreated water from aquifer that underlies six states

Tadpole with SPI
September 19, 2017

A deadly amphibian disease called severe Perkinsea infections, or SPI, is the cause of many large-scale frog die-offs in the United States, according to a new study by the U.S. Geological Survey

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