Unified Interior Regions

Region 4: Mississippi Basin

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Filter Total Items: 237
Date published: February 27, 2018
Status: Active

Paleoceanographic Proxy Calibration

A sediment trap time series in the northern Gulf of Mexico is used to better assess the control of environmental variables (e.g., temperature and salinity) on the flux of both microfossils and molecular fossils to the sediments. The information gained from sediment trap studies is used to develop better proxy-based estimates of past oceanographic conditions from analyses of microfossils and ...

Date published: February 22, 2018
Status: Active

Climate and Environmental Change in the Gulf of Mexico and Caribbean

This project documents paleoceanographic, climatic, and environmental changes in the Gulf of Mexico and adjacent land areas over the last 10,000 years. The paleoenvironmental data is used to determine rates of change in the past, and to better understand both the natural and anthropogenic factors that contribute to climate variability on inter-annual to millennial timescales.

Date published: February 8, 2018
Status: Active

Louisiana Barrier Island Habitat Mapping and Change Assessment

Barrier islands provide numerous invaluable ecosystem goods and services including storm protection and erosion control for the mainland, habitat for fish and wildlife, salinity regulation in estuaries, carbon sequestration in marshes, recreation, and tourism. These islands are dynamic environments due to their position at the land-sea interface. Storms, wave energy, tides, currents, and...

Date published: January 23, 2018
Status: Active

Scenario-Based Assessments for Coastal Change Hazard Forecasts

A decade of USGS research on storm-driven coastal change hazards has provided the data and modeling capabilities needed to identify areas of our coastline that are likely to experience extreme and potentially hazardous erosion during an extreme storm.

Contacts: Kara Doran
Date published: January 18, 2018
Status: Active

National Assessment of Storm-Induced Coastal Change Hazards

This project focuses on understanding the magnitude and variability of extreme storm impacts on sandy beaches. The overall objective is to improve real-time and scenario-based predictions of coastal change to support management of coastal infrastructure, resources, and safety. 

Contacts: Kara Doran
Date published: January 18, 2018
Status: Active

National Assessment of Coastal Vulnerability to Sea Level Rise

The original national coastal vulnerability index (CVI) assessment was motivated by expected accelerated sea-level rise (SLR) and the uncertainty in the response of the coastline to SLR. This research was conducted between 1999 and 2001, and is currently being updated using new data sources and methodology. This original study was part of the ...

Date published: January 18, 2018
Status: Active

Long-Term Coastal Change

Goals of this task include developing and improving coastal-change assessments and supporting long-term planning and decision making to ensure sustainable coastal economies, infrastructure, and ecosystems.

Date published: January 12, 2018
Status: Active

Barrier Island Comprehensive Monitoring

Historical and newly acquired data were used to assess and monitor changes in the aerial and subaqueous extent of islands, habitat types, sediment properties, environmental processes, and vegetation composition.

Date published: January 10, 2018
Status: Active

Integrating Mapping and Modeling to Support the Restoration of Bird Nesting Habitat at Breton Island National Wildlife Refuge

In response to storms, reduced sediment supply, and sea-level rise, Breton Island is rapidly deteriorating, impacting the available nesting habitat of endangered seabirds. This study provides critical information regarding the physical environment of the island system. 

Date published: January 10, 2018
Status: Active

Science Support for the Mississippi Coastal Improvement Project

Since 2007, the USGS (with NPS and USACE) has been mapping the seafloor and substrate around the Mississippi barrier islands to characterize the near-surface stratigraphy and identify the influence it has on island evolution and fate. 

Contacts: James Flocks
Filter Total Items: 4,467
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Year Published: 2020

Assessment of burrowing behavior of freshwater juvenile mussels in sediment

Standard laboratory sediment toxicity methods have been adapted for conducting toxicity tests with juvenile freshwater mussels. However, studies looking at juvenile mussel burrowing behavior at the water-sediment interface are limited. Juvenile mussels burrow in sediment for the first 0 to 4 yr of life but also may inhabit the sediment-water...

Kemble, Nile E.; Besser, John M.; Steevens, Jeffery; Hughes, Jamie P.

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Year Published: 2020

Topographic, soil, and climate drivers of drought sensitivity in forests and shrublands of the Pacific Northwest, USA

Climate change is anticipated to increase the frequency and intensity of droughts, with major impacts to ecosystems globally. Broad-scale assessments of vegetation responses to drought are needed to anticipate, manage, and potentially mitigate climate-change effects on ecosystems. We quantified the drought sensitivity of vegetation in the Pacific...

Cartwright, Jennifer M.; Littlefield, Caitlin E; Michalak, Julia; Lawler, Joshua J.; Dobrowski, Solomon

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Year Published: 2020

Detecting cover crop end-of-season using VENµS and sentinel-2 satellite imagery

Cover crops are planted during the off-season to protect the soil and improve watershed management. The ability to map cover crop termination dates over agricultural landscapes is essential for quantifying conservation practice implementation, and enabling estimation of biomass accumulation during the active cover period. Remote sensing detection...

Gao, Feng; Anderson, Martha; Hively, W. Dean

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Year Published: 2020

Double exposure and dynamic vulnerability: Assessing economic well-being, ecological change and the development of the oil and gas industry in coastal Louisiana

The oil and gas industry has been a powerful driver of economic change in coastal Louisiana for the latter half of the 20th century and into the 21st. Yet, the overall impact of the industry on the economic well-being of host communities is varied, both spatially and temporally. While the majority of Louisiana’s oil and gas production now occurs...

Hemmerling, Scott; Carruthers, Tim J.B.; Hijuelos, Ann; Bienn, Harris C.

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Year Published: 2020

Larval diet of the rare caddisfly Glyphopsyche missouri (Trichoptera: Limnephilidae) in Missouri, USA

No abstract available.

Rhodes, Russell G.; Poulton, Barry C.; Mabee, William R.; Bowles, David E.

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Year Published: 2020

Estimating flood magnitude and frequency on gaged and ungaged streams in Maine

Accurate estimates of flood frequency and magnitude on rivers and streams in Maine are a key component of effective flood risk management, flood mitigation, and flood recovery programs for the State. Flood-frequency estimates are published here for 148 streamgages in and adjacent to Maine. Equations are provided for users to compute flood-...

Lombard, Pamela J.; Hodgkins, Glenn A.
Lombard, P.J., and Hodgkins, G.A., 2020, Estimating flood magnitude and frequency on gaged and ungaged streams in Maine: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2020–5092, 56 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/sir20205092.

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Year Published: 2020

Predicting multi-species foraging hotspots for marine turtles in the Gulf of Mexico

Quantifying the distribution of animals and identifying underlying characteristics that define suitable habitat are essential for effective conservation of free-ranging species. Prioritizing areas for conservation is important in managing a geographic extent that has a high level of disturbance and limited conservation resources. We examined the...

Fujisaki, Ikuko; Hart, Kristen; Bucklin, David N.; Iverson, Autumn R.; Rubio, Cynthia; Lamont, Margaret; Miron, Raul de Jesus G.D.; Burchfield, Patrick M.; Pena, Jaime; Shaver, Donna J.

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Year Published: 2020

An interactive data visualization framework for exploring geospatial environmental datasets and model predictions

With the rise of large-scale environmental models comes new challenges for how we best utilize this information in research, management and decision making. Interactive data visualizations can make large and complex datasets easier to access and explore, which can lead to knowledge discovery, hypothesis formation and improved understanding. Here,...

Walker, Jeffrey D; Letcher, Benjamin; Rodgers, Kirk D.; Muhlfeld, Clint C.; D'Angelo, Vincent S.

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Year Published: 2020

Estimated groundwater withdrawals from principal aquifers in the United States, 2015

In 2015, about 84,600 million gallons per day (Mgal/d) of groundwater were withdrawn in the United States for various uses including public supply, self-supplied domestic, industrial, mining, thermoelectric power, aquaculture, livestock, and irrigation. Of this total, about 94 percent (79,200 Mgal/d) was withdrawn from principal aquifers, which...

Lovelace, John K.; Nielsen, Martha G.; Read, Amy L.; Murphy, Chid J.; Maupin, Molly A.
Lovelace, J.K., Nielsen, M.G., Read, A.L., Murphy, C.J., and Maupin, M.A., 2020, Estimated groundwater withdrawals from principal aquifers in the United States, 2015 (ver. 1.2, October 2020): U.S. Geological Survey Circular 1464, 70 p., http://doi.org/10.3133/cir1464.

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Year Published: 2020

Metamorphosis and the impact of contaminants on ecological subsidies

Animals with complex life histories such as aquatic insects and amphibians link freshwater and terrestrial ecosystems when they transition from water to land during development. This transition requires metamorphosis from juvenile to adult life stages. Metamorphosis is a stressful and ecologically sensitive life history event. Exposure to...

Wesner, Jeff; Kraus, Johanna M.; Henry, Brianna L.; Kerby, Jacob
Wesner, J., Kraus, J.M., Henry, B., and Kerby, J., 2020, Metamorphosis and the impact of contaminants on ecological subsidies, in Kraus, J.M., Walters, D.M., and Mills, M.A., eds., Contaminants and Ecological Subsidies: The Land-Water Interface: Cham, Springer International Publishing, p. 111-125. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-49480-3_6

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Year Published: 2020

Introduction: Ecological subsidies as a framework for understanding contaminant fate, exposure, and effects at the land-water interface

Ecologists have long recognized that ecological subsidies (the flow of organic matter, nutrients, and organisms between ecosystems) can strongly affect ecosystem processes and community structure in the recipient ecosystem. Animal movements, organic matter flows, and food web dynamics between linked aquatic and terrestrial systems can also...

Walters, David; Kraus, Johanna M.; Mills, Marc A.

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Year Published: 2020

Practical considerations for the incorporation of insect-mediated contaminant flux into ecological risk assessments

Insect-mediated contaminant flux is truly an interdisciplinary concept that merges ideas from many technical areas of science (e.g., environmental chemistry, landscape ecology, and entomology). This chapter introduces risk assessors to this emerging and ecologically relevant concept by distilling the main mechanisms that drive insect-mediated...

Otter, Ryan R.; Beaubien, Gale B.; Olson, Connor I.; Walters, David; Mills, Marc A.
Otter, R.R., Beaubien, G.B., Olson, C.I., Walters, D.M., and Mills, M.A., 2020, Practical considerations for the incorporation of insect-mediated contaminant flux into ecological risk assessments, in Kraus, J.M., Walters, D.M., and Mills, M.A., eds., Contaminants and Ecological Subsidies: The Land-Water Interface: Cham, Springer International Publishing, p. 179-195. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-49480-3_9

Filter Total Items: 219
Two men stand next to a building in yellow life jackets
August 26, 2016

Surveying a High-Water Mark

Chris Henry and Daniel McCay, USGS hydrologic technicians, use GPS equipment to survey a high-water mark outside of a flooded elementary school in Denham Springs, Louisiana, August 28. This school was located in one of the hardest hit flood areas and the blue line simulates how high the water was at its peak during this historic flood.

Two men mark a high-water mark on a structure
August 26, 2016

USGS Scientists Mark a High-Water Mark in Louisiana

Daniel McCay and Chris Henry, USGS hydrologic technicians, use a level to draw a line on a high-water mark August 26. In most circumstances, when a high-water mark is flagged it would then be surveyed with GPS equipment to obtain its exact coordinates and elevation. However, because of the possibility of more storms hitting Louisiana the teams were initially only

...
Two men walk by debris along the side of the road
August 26, 2016

Looking for High-Water Marks

Daniel McCay and Chris Henry, U.S. Geological Survey hydrologic technicians, search a neighborhood south of Denham Springs, Louisiana, for high-water marks August 26. The term high-water mark refers to the debris flood waters will leave on walls, buildings and trees. This thin line of residue is an indicator of how high the waters reached, yet the fragile nature of

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A man in an orange shirt writes on a pad of paper
August 26, 2016

Recording a High-Water Mark

Jonathan Gillip, USGS hydrologist, documents a high-water mark he flagged near a damage retirement community in Denham Springs, Louisiana, August 26. So far, USGS teams have flagged and surveyed more than 400 high-watermarks across southern Louisiana.

August 15, 2016

Flooding near Louisiana Water Science Center

The view on South Sherwood Forest Blvd near the USGS Louisiana Water Science Center office on August 15, 2016.

Image shows a flooded street with green median
August 13, 2016

Flooded Street in Denham Springs

Backwater flooding across Florida Blvd near the Amite River Bridge in Denham Springs, LA.

Image shows a flooded house with trees in the background
August 13, 2016

Flooded House in Denham Springs

A flooded house near the confluence of the Comite and Amite Rivers near Denham Springs, LA.

Image shows flooded houses and vehicles
August 13, 2016

Flooded Neighborhood in Denham Springs

A flooded neighborhood near the confluence of the Comite and Amite Rivers near Denham Springs, LA. 

Photo of USGS Biologist preparing to artificially spawn a female lake sturgeon.
August 5, 2016

Lake sturgeon at the USGS Columbia Environmental Research Center

USGS Biologist prepares to artificially spawn a female lake sturgeon in the laboratory at the Columbia Environmental Research Center.

Photo of USGS biologist preparing to release a reproductive female pallid sturgeon.
August 5, 2016

USGS Biologist prepares to release a reproductive female sturgeon.

USGS Biologist Sabrina Davenport prepares to release a reproductive female pallid sturgeon.

Pallid sturgeon free embryo at approximately 5 days post-hatch
July 14, 2016

Pallid sturgeon free embryo at approximately 5 days post-hatch

Figure 3. Pallid sturgeon free embryo at approximately 5 days post-hatch, approximately 14-15 mm (about 0.57 of an inch) in length.

Filter Total Items: 247
collage of scientists conducting science related to each mission are
October 15, 2015

Grass carp egg survival is compromised when they settle on streambeds and are potentially covered by sediments, according to a new study by the U.S. Geological Survey. It has been long assumed that the eggs of Asian carps, including grass carp, must be carried in the water current in order to hatch successfully, but no previous scientific studies have proven that theory.

USGS science for a changing world logo
August 27, 2015

Coastal managers and planners now have access to a new U.S. Geological Survey handbook that, for the first time, comprehensively describes the various models used to study and predict sea-level rise and its potential impacts on coasts.

USGS
August 17, 2015

The City of West Branch, Iowa, and the U.S. Geological Survey recently partnered to provide real-time streamflow and flood warning information on the west branch of flood-prone Wapsinonoc Creek.

Graph: Peak ground-motion variability for a magnitude 7.7 earthquake
July 30, 2015

Computer simulations of earthquake shaking, replicating the quakes that occurred in 1811-1812 in the New Madrid seismic zone (NMSZ), indicate that future large earthquakes there would produce major, prolonged ground shaking.

Image: Pallid Sturgeon
July 30, 2015

Three tiny fish larvae that were captured by U.S. Geological Survey scientists in May 2014 have just been confirmed to be pallid sturgeon. These new genetic identifications add to mounting evidence that critically endangered pallid sturgeon spawned successfully in the Lower Missouri River downstream of Gavins Point Dam, South Dakota.

2015 version of Tupelo, Mississippi US Topo quadrangle with orthoimage turned off.
July 28, 2015

Several of the 772 new US Topo quadrangles for Mississippi now display parts of the Natchez Trace National Scenic Trail and other selected public trails. Further significant additions to the new quadrangles include map symbol redesign, enhanced railroad information and new road source data.

USGS
July 15, 2015

The drainage of small wetlands can decrease wildlife habitat and may contribute to flooding in the Prairie Pothole Region (PPR), according to a recent U.S. Geological Survey study.

USGS
June 29, 2015

Interior Department’s Northeast Climate Science Center has released a report today synthesizing the latest information on the vulnerability of species and ecosystems to climate change in a 22-state region in the Northeast and Midwest U.S.

Updated 2015 version of Saint Landry quadrangle with orthoimage turned on
May 20, 2015

Several of the 812 new US Topo quadrangles for Louisiana now display public trails along with improved data layers. Other significant additions include public land survey system information (PLSS), redesign of map symbols, enhanced railroad information and new road source data.

USGS science for a changing world logo
May 18, 2015

Water contamination by hormone-disrupting pollutants is a concern for water quality around the world. Existing research has determined that elevated concentrations of Bisphenol-A (BPA), a chemical used in consumer products such as plastic food storage and beverage containers, have been deposited directly into rivers and streams by municipal or industrial wastewater.