Unified Interior Regions

Region 4: Mississippi Basin

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Filter Total Items: 237
Date published: February 27, 2018
Status: Active

Paleoceanographic Proxy Calibration

A sediment trap time series in the northern Gulf of Mexico is used to better assess the control of environmental variables (e.g., temperature and salinity) on the flux of both microfossils and molecular fossils to the sediments. The information gained from sediment trap studies is used to develop better proxy-based estimates of past oceanographic conditions from analyses of microfossils and ...

Date published: February 22, 2018
Status: Active

Climate and Environmental Change in the Gulf of Mexico and Caribbean

This project documents paleoceanographic, climatic, and environmental changes in the Gulf of Mexico and adjacent land areas over the last 10,000 years. The paleoenvironmental data is used to determine rates of change in the past, and to better understand both the natural and anthropogenic factors that contribute to climate variability on inter-annual to millennial timescales.

Date published: February 8, 2018
Status: Active

Louisiana Barrier Island Habitat Mapping and Change Assessment

Barrier islands provide numerous invaluable ecosystem goods and services including storm protection and erosion control for the mainland, habitat for fish and wildlife, salinity regulation in estuaries, carbon sequestration in marshes, recreation, and tourism. These islands are dynamic environments due to their position at the land-sea interface. Storms, wave energy, tides, currents, and...

Date published: January 23, 2018
Status: Active

Scenario-Based Assessments for Coastal Change Hazard Forecasts

A decade of USGS research on storm-driven coastal change hazards has provided the data and modeling capabilities needed to identify areas of our coastline that are likely to experience extreme and potentially hazardous erosion during an extreme storm.

Contacts: Kara Doran
Date published: January 18, 2018
Status: Active

Forecasting Coastal Change

This project focuses on understanding the magnitude and variability of extreme storm impacts on sandy beaches. The overall objective is to improve real-time and scenario-based predictions of coastal change to support management of coastal infrastructure, resources, and safety. 

Contacts: Kara Doran
Date published: January 18, 2018
Status: Active

National Assessment of Coastal Vulnerability to Sea Level Rise

The original national coastal vulnerability index (CVI) assessment was motivated by expected accelerated sea-level rise (SLR) and the uncertainty in the response of the coastline to SLR. This research was conducted between 1999 and 2001, and is currently being updated using new data sources and methodology. This original study was part of the ...

Date published: January 18, 2018
Status: Active

Long-Term Coastal Change

Goals of this task include developing and improving coastal-change assessments and supporting long-term planning and decision making to ensure sustainable coastal economies, infrastructure, and ecosystems.

Date published: January 12, 2018
Status: Active

Barrier Island Comprehensive Monitoring

Historical and newly acquired data were used to assess and monitor changes in the aerial and subaqueous extent of islands, habitat types, sediment properties, environmental processes, and vegetation composition.

Date published: January 10, 2018
Status: Active

Integrating Mapping and Modeling to Support the Restoration of Bird Nesting Habitat at Breton Island National Wildlife Refuge

In response to storms, reduced sediment supply, and sea-level rise, Breton Island is rapidly deteriorating, impacting the available nesting habitat of endangered seabirds. This study provides critical information regarding the physical environment of the island system. 

Date published: January 10, 2018
Status: Active

Science Support for the Mississippi Coastal Improvement Project

Since 2007, the USGS (with NPS and USACE) has been mapping the seafloor and substrate around the Mississippi barrier islands to characterize the near-surface stratigraphy and identify the influence it has on island evolution and fate. 

Contacts: James Flocks
Filter Total Items: 4,514
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Year Published: 2021

A comparison of plant communities in restored, old field, and remnant coastal prairies

Temperate grasslands are experiencing worldwide declines due to habitat conversion. Grassland restoration efforts are employed to compensate for these losses. However, there is a need to better understand the ecological effects of grassland restoration and management practices. We investigated the effects of three different grassland management...

Feher, Laura; Allain, Larry; Osland, Michael; Pigott, Elisabeth; Reid, Christopher; Latiolais, Nicholas

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Year Published: 2021

Germination potential of baldcypress (Taxodium distichum) swamp soil seed bank along geographical gradients

Changing environments of temperature, precipitation and moisture availability can affect vegetation in ecosystems, by affecting regeneration from the seed bank. Our objective was to explore the responses of soil seed bank germination to climate-related environments along geographic gradients. We collected seed banks in baldcypress (Taxodium...

Lei, Ting; Middleton, Beth

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Year Published: 2021

Carrying capacity of spatially distributed metapopulations

Carrying capacity is a key concept in ecology. A body of theory, based on the logistic equation, has extended predictions of carrying capacity to spatially distributed, dispersing populations. However, this theory has only recently been tested empirically. The experimental results disagree with some theoretical predictions of when they are...

Zhang, Bo; DeAngelis, Don; Ni, Wei-Ming

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Year Published: 2021

Surface elevation change evaluation in mangrove forests using a low‐cost, rapid‐scan terrestrial laser scanner

Mangrove forests have adapted to sea level rise (SLR) increases by maintaining their forest floor elevation via belowground root growth and surface sediment deposits. Researchers use surface elevation tables (SETs) to monitor surface elevation change (SEC) in mangrove forests, after which this information is used to assess SLR resiliency or to...

Kargar, Ali Rouzbeh; MacKenzie, Richard A.; Fafard, Alexander; Krauss, Ken; van Aardt, Jan

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Year Published: 2021

How plants influence resilience of salt marsh and mangrove wetlands to sea-level rise

This review evaluates the importance of plants and associated biological processes in determining the vulnerability of coastal wetlands to sea-level rise. Coastal wetlands occur across a broad sedimentary continuum from minerogenic to biogenic, providing an opportunity to examine the relative importance of biological processes in wetland...

Cahoon, Donald R.; McKee, Karen L.; James Morris

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Year Published: 2021

Assessing the ecological risks of per‐ and polyfluoroalkyl substances: Current state‐of‐the science and a proposed path forward

Per‐ and poly‐fluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) encompass a large, heterogenous group of chemicals of potential concern to human health and the environment. Based on information for a few relatively well‐understood PFAS such as perfluorooctane sulfonate and perfluorooctanoate, there is ample basis to suspect that at least a subset can be considered...

Ankley, Gerald T.; Cureton, Philippa; Hoke, Robert A.; Houde, Magali; Kumar, Anupama; Kurias, Jessy; Lanno, Roman P.; McCarthy, Chris; Newsted, John L.; Salice, Christopher J.; Sample, Bradley E.; Sepúlveda, Maria S.; Steevens, Jeffery; Valsecchi, Sara

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Year Published: 2021

Resolving species boundaries in the critically imperiled freshwater mussel species, Fusconaia mitchelli (Bivalvia: Unionidae)

Species are a fundamental unit of biology, and defining accurate species boundaries is integral to effective conservation and management of imperiled taxa. Freshwater mussels (Bivalvia: Unionidae) are among the most imperiled groups of organisms in North America, yet species boundaries remain uncertain for many taxa. The False Spike, ...

Smith, Chase H.; Johnson, Nathan; Havlik, Kaitlyn; Doyle, Robert D.; Randklev, Charles R.

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Year Published: 2021

Status of the major aquaculture carps of China in the Laurentian Great Lakes Basin

There is concern of economic and environmental damage occuring if any of the four major aquacultured carp species of China, black carp Mylopharyngodon piceus, bighead carp Hypophthalmichthys nobilis, silver carp H. molitrix, or grass carp Ctenopharyngodon idella, were to establish in the Laurentian Great Lakes. All four are...

Chapman, Duane C.; Benscoter, Allison; Embke, Holly S.; King, Nicole R.; Kocovsky, Patrick; Lewis, Teresa D.; Mandrak, Nicholas E.

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Year Published: 2021

Elemental and radionuclide exposures and uptakes by small rodents, invertebrates, and vegetation at active and post-production uranium mines in the Grand Canyon watershed

The effects of breccia pipe uranium mining in the Grand Canyon watershed (Arizona) on ecological and cultural resources are largely unknown. We characterized the exposure of biota to uranium and co-occurring ore body elements during active ore production and at a site where ore production had recently concluded. Our results indicate that biota...

Cleveland, Danielle; Hinck, Jo Ellen; Lankton, Julia S.

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Year Published: 2021

Movement of synthetic organic compounds in the food web after the introduction of invasive quagga mussels (Dreissena bugensis) in Lake Mead, Nevada and Arizona, USA

Introductions of dreissenid mussels in North America have been a significant concern over the last few decades. This study assessed the distribution of synthetic organic compounds (SOCs) in the food web of Lake Mead, Nevada/Arizona, USA and how this distribution was influenced by the introduction of invasive quagga mussels. A clear spatial...

Goodbred, Steven L.; Rosen, Michael R.; Patino, Reynaldo; Alvarez, David; Echols, Kathy R.; King, Kerensa; Umek, John

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Year Published: 2021

Identifying sources and year classes contributing to invasive grass carp in the Laurentian Great Lakes

Relative contributions of aquaculture-origin and naturally-reproduced grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idella) in the Laurentian Great Lakes have been unknown. We assessed occurrence and distribution of aquaculture-origin and wild grass carp in the Great Lakes using ploidy and otolith stable oxygen isotope (δ18O) data. We inferred natal river and...

Whitledge, Gregory W.; Chapman, Duane C.; Farver, John; Herbst, Seth; Mandrak, Nicholas E.; Miner, Jeffrey G.; Pangle, Kevin L.; Kocovsky, Patrick

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Year Published: 2021

Source switching maintains dissolved organic matter chemostasis across discharge levels in a large temperate river network

Dissolved organic matter (DOM) helps regulate aquatic ecosystem structure and function. In small streams, DOM concentrations are controlled by transport of terrestrial materials to waterways, and are thus highly variable. As rivers become larger, the River Continuum Concept hypothesizes that internal primary production is an increasingly important...

Hosen, J.D.; Aho, K.S.; Fair, Jennifer Burlingame Hoyle; Kyzivat, E.D.; Matt, S.; Morrison, Jonathan; Stubbins, A.; Weber, L.C.; Yoon, B.; Raymond, P.A.

Filter Total Items: 221
Two men stand next to a building in yellow life jackets
August 26, 2016

Surveying a High-Water Mark

Chris Henry and Daniel McCay, USGS hydrologic technicians, use GPS equipment to survey a high-water mark outside of a flooded elementary school in Denham Springs, Louisiana, August 28. This school was located in one of the hardest hit flood areas and the blue line simulates how high the water was at its peak during this historic flood.

Two men mark a high-water mark on a structure
August 26, 2016

USGS Scientists Mark a High-Water Mark in Louisiana

Daniel McCay and Chris Henry, USGS hydrologic technicians, use a level to draw a line on a high-water mark August 26. In most circumstances, when a high-water mark is flagged it would then be surveyed with GPS equipment to obtain its exact coordinates and elevation. However, because of the possibility of more storms hitting Louisiana the teams were initially only

...
Two men walk by debris along the side of the road
August 26, 2016

Looking for High-Water Marks

Daniel McCay and Chris Henry, U.S. Geological Survey hydrologic technicians, search a neighborhood south of Denham Springs, Louisiana, for high-water marks August 26. The term high-water mark refers to the debris flood waters will leave on walls, buildings and trees. This thin line of residue is an indicator of how high the waters reached, yet the fragile nature of

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A man in an orange shirt writes on a pad of paper
August 26, 2016

Recording a High-Water Mark

Jonathan Gillip, USGS hydrologist, documents a high-water mark he flagged near a damage retirement community in Denham Springs, Louisiana, August 26. So far, USGS teams have flagged and surveyed more than 400 high-watermarks across southern Louisiana.

August 15, 2016

Flooding near Louisiana Water Science Center

The view on South Sherwood Forest Blvd near the USGS Louisiana Water Science Center office on August 15, 2016.

Image shows a flooded street with green median
August 13, 2016

Flooded Street in Denham Springs

Backwater flooding across Florida Blvd near the Amite River Bridge in Denham Springs, LA.

Image shows a flooded house with trees in the background
August 13, 2016

Flooded House in Denham Springs

A flooded house near the confluence of the Comite and Amite Rivers near Denham Springs, LA.

Image shows flooded houses and vehicles
August 13, 2016

Flooded Neighborhood in Denham Springs

A flooded neighborhood near the confluence of the Comite and Amite Rivers near Denham Springs, LA. 

Photo of USGS Biologist preparing to artificially spawn a female lake sturgeon.
August 5, 2016

Lake sturgeon at the USGS Columbia Environmental Research Center

USGS Biologist prepares to artificially spawn a female lake sturgeon in the laboratory at the Columbia Environmental Research Center.

Photo of USGS biologist preparing to release a reproductive female pallid sturgeon.
August 5, 2016

USGS Biologist prepares to release a reproductive female sturgeon.

USGS Biologist Sabrina Davenport prepares to release a reproductive female pallid sturgeon.

Pallid sturgeon free embryo at approximately 5 days post-hatch
July 14, 2016

Pallid sturgeon free embryo at approximately 5 days post-hatch

Figure 3. Pallid sturgeon free embryo at approximately 5 days post-hatch, approximately 14-15 mm (about 0.57 of an inch) in length.

Filter Total Items: 253
Planned US Topo map production schedule for the next three- year revision cycle
November 19, 2015

With the release of new US Topo maps for Illinois and South Dakota, the USGS has completed the second, three-year cycle of revising and updating electronic US Topo quadrangles. This means that since late 2009, the USGS has published nearly every map in the conterminous U.S., twice.

USGS
November 18, 2015

U.S. Geological Survey field crews are measuring flooding on rivers and streams across central and southern Missouri.

USGS
November 17, 2015

Fact sheets that detail information about parish water resources and water-use are available online for 34 of the state’s 64 parishes, with more coming soon.

Image: EON Geosciences Airplane
October 17, 2015

U.S. Geological Survey scientists will conduct a high-resolution airborne survey to study the rock layers under a region of northeastern Iowa, starting Monday, October 19, and lasting into November.

collage of scientists conducting science related to each mission are
October 15, 2015

Grass carp egg survival is compromised when they settle on streambeds and are potentially covered by sediments, according to a new study by the U.S. Geological Survey. It has been long assumed that the eggs of Asian carps, including grass carp, must be carried in the water current in order to hatch successfully, but no previous scientific studies have proven that theory.

USGS science for a changing world logo
August 27, 2015

Coastal managers and planners now have access to a new U.S. Geological Survey handbook that, for the first time, comprehensively describes the various models used to study and predict sea-level rise and its potential impacts on coasts.

USGS
August 17, 2015

The City of West Branch, Iowa, and the U.S. Geological Survey recently partnered to provide real-time streamflow and flood warning information on the west branch of flood-prone Wapsinonoc Creek.

Graph: Peak ground-motion variability for a magnitude 7.7 earthquake
July 30, 2015

Computer simulations of earthquake shaking, replicating the quakes that occurred in 1811-1812 in the New Madrid seismic zone (NMSZ), indicate that future large earthquakes there would produce major, prolonged ground shaking.

Image: Pallid Sturgeon
July 30, 2015

Three tiny fish larvae that were captured by U.S. Geological Survey scientists in May 2014 have just been confirmed to be pallid sturgeon. These new genetic identifications add to mounting evidence that critically endangered pallid sturgeon spawned successfully in the Lower Missouri River downstream of Gavins Point Dam, South Dakota.

2015 version of Tupelo, Mississippi US Topo quadrangle with orthoimage turned off.
July 28, 2015

Several of the 772 new US Topo quadrangles for Mississippi now display parts of the Natchez Trace National Scenic Trail and other selected public trails. Further significant additions to the new quadrangles include map symbol redesign, enhanced railroad information and new road source data.