Unified Interior Regions

Region 4: Mississippi Basin

Regions L2 Landing Page Tabs

Filter Total Items: 237
Date published: April 8, 2016
Status: Active

Ecology of Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Coastal Wetlands

Wetlands have the potential to absorb large amounts of carbon dioxide via photosynthesis, and flooded soils have low oxygen levels which decrease rates of decomposition to promote the retention of soil carbon. However, the type of greenhouse gases emitted from wetlands varies by wetland type and soil condition. A suite of approaches are being used to assess  fluxes of greenhouses gases, like...

Date published: April 8, 2016
Status: Active

Modeling Tidal Freshwater Forested Wetlands (TFFW) Habitat Changes for Land Management

As tidal freshwater forested wetlands - TFFWs - are influenced by salinty due to salt water intrusion, they may experience changes in plant community composition, growth, and productivity. Models are needed to predict vegetation community change or dieback, as well as changes in carbon sequestration and storage due to changing climate, drought, changes in freshwater discharge, elevated carbon...

Date published: April 8, 2016
Status: Active

Modeling Landscape-Scale Habitat Relations for Landbirds During Migration: Science Support for the Gulf Coast Joint Venture

USGS uses weather surveillance radar data and landscape-scale habitat metrics to model bird-habitat connections along the western coast of the Gulf of Mexico.

Date published: April 8, 2016
Status: Active

Ecology of Tidal Freshwater Forested Wetlands of the Southeastern United States

Tidal freshwater forested wetlands - TFFWs - can be found in the upper intertidal areas of many estuaries and act as a transition between coastal marshes and bottomland hardwood wetlands. However, it is because of their location that makes them vulnerable to sea-level rise, and they are constantly transitioning to different wetland types. USGS addresses how various processes are affected in...

Date published: April 8, 2016
Status: Active

Restoration of Climate Change-Induced Retreat of Tidally Influenced Freshwater Forested Wetlands

Wetlands in river deltas - like the Mississippi River Delta Plain - may be more vulnerable to sea-level rise. Historically, coastal wetlands responded to these changes by increasing surface elevation or migrating up-slope. USGS conducts research to identify the biogeochemical influences on sediment addition in coastal wetland areas. 

Date published: April 8, 2016
Status: Active

RESTORE Science: Inventory of Gulf of Mexico Ecosystem Indicators Using an Ecological Resilience Framework

To effectively manage an ecosystem, resource managers need a way to evaluate its health and ability to function. Metrics that indicate ecosystem condition - or indicators - can be used to help determine how well management strategies work. 

Date published: April 8, 2016
Status: Active

Factors Controlling Resilience and Resistance of Coastal Salt Marshes to Sudden Marsh Dieback

Sudden Marsh Dieback - SMD - has been documented for the past two decades throughout coastal areas of the United States. With these large-scale diebacks comes the loss of ecosystem functions and services. USGS scientsts use field work and greenhouse studies to investigate the factors that control the resilience and resistance of coastal salt marshes to SMD. 

Date published: April 7, 2016
Status: Active

Integrated Modeling of Coastal Processes and Linkages to Management Applications

Coastal wetlands provide valuable ecosystem services such as wave attenuation, surge reduction, carbon sequestration, wastewater treatment, and critical habitats for endangered fish and wildlife species. However, wetland loss threatens the capacity of coastal wetlands to provide these ecosystem services.

Date published: April 7, 2016
Status: Active

Louisiana’s Coastwide Reference Monitoring System (CRMS)

The Coastwise Reference Monitoring System was designed to monitor the effectiveness of restoration actions at individual sites, as well as across the entire Louisiana coast. 

Contacts: Sarai Piazza
Date published: April 7, 2016
Status: Active

Influence of Sea-Level Rise on Wetland Vegetation Community Structure, Primary Productivity, Organic Matter Decomposition and Carbon Storage

This study will employ a space for time substitution to show long-term effects of rising sea-level and increasing salinity on vegetation community structure, primary production and decomposition. Productivity and decomposition rates will be estimated for four wetland plant community types defined by salinity zones and dominant plant species. 

Date published: April 7, 2016
Status: Active

Surface Elevation Vulnerability of Coastal Forested Wetlands to Sea-Level Rise

Wetlands vary in their abilities to keep up with sea-level rise; they either adjust vertically and/or move inland. USGS is working with partners around the world to measure rates of surface elevation change relative to local sea-level rise. 

Date published: April 6, 2016

Soil Properties and Geochronology in Barataria Basin, Louisiana

Will wetland vertical accretion rates be enough to keep up with the predicted rates of sea level rise? USGS looks at soil properties and geochronology in Louisiana wetlands. 

Filter Total Items: 4,599
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Year Published: 2020

Cross-ecosystem linkages and trace metals at the land-water interface

At low concentrations, trace metals are critical for sustaining life on Earth. However, at high concentrations, they become a global contaminant with particularly strong effects on freshwater communities. These effects can propagate to terrestrial ecosystems in part by altering production and community structure of adult aquatic insect emergence...

Kraus, Johanna M.; Pomeranz, Justin F.
Kraus, J.M., and Pomeranz, J.P.F., 2020, Cross-ecosystem linkages and trace metals at the land-water interface, in Kraus, J.M., Walters, D.M., and Mills, M.A., eds., Contaminants and Ecological Subsidies: The Land-Water Interface: Cham, Springer International Publishing, p. 91-109. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-49480-3_5

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Year Published: 2020

Estimating flood magnitude and frequency on streams and rivers in Connecticut, based on data through water year 2015

The U.S. Geological Survey, in cooperation with the Connecticut Department of Transportation, updated flood-frequency estimates with 50-, 20-, 10-, 4-, 2-, 1-, 0.5-, and 0.2-percent annual exceedance probabilities (2-, 5-, 10-, 25-, 50-, 100-, 200-, and 500-year recurrence intervals, respectively) for 141 streamgages in Connecticut and 11...

Ahearn, Elizabeth A.; Hodgkins, Glenn A.
Ahearn, E.A., and Hodgkins, G.A., 2020, Estimating flood magnitude and frequency on streams and rivers in Connecticut, based on data through water year 2015: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2020–5054, 42 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/sir20205054.

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Year Published: 2020

Effects of early life stage exposure of largemouth bass to atrazine or a model estrogen (17α-ethinylestradiol)

Endocrine disrupting contaminants are of continuing concern for potentially contributing to reproductive dysfunction in largemouth and smallmouth bass in the Chesapeake Bay watershed (CBW) and elsewhere. Exposures to atrazine (ATR) have been hypothesized to have estrogenic effects on vertebrate endocrine systems. The incidence of intersex in male...

Leet, Jessica Kristin; Richter, Catherine A.; Cornman, Robert S.; Berninger, Jason P.; Bhandari, Ramji K.; Nicks, Diane K.; Zajicek, James L.; Blazer, Vicki S.; Tillitt, Donald E.

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Year Published: 2020

Distribution of selected hydrogeologic characteristics of the upper glacial and Magothy aquifers, Long Island, New York

The Pleistocene- and Cretaceous-age sediments underlying Long Island, New York, compose an important sole-source aquifer system that is nearly 2,000 feet thick in some areas. Sediment characteristics of importance for water supply include water-transmitting properties—horizontal and vertical hydraulic conductivity—and the distribution of lignite,...

Walter, Donald A.; Finkelstein, Jason S.
Walter, D.A., and Finkelstein, J.S., 2020, Distribution of selected hydrogeologic characteristics of the upper glacial and Magothy aquifers, Long Island, New York: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2020–5023, 21 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/sir20205023.

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Year Published: 2020

Growth rates for immature Kemp’s ridley sea turtles from a foraging area in the northern Gulf of Mexico

Examining vital rates helps clarify how environmental characteristics, biological resources and human activities affect population growth. Carapace lengths were gathered for 241 Kemp’s ridley Lepidochelys kempii sea turtles that were marked and recaptured (n = 23) between 2011 and 2019 at a foraging location in northwest Florida, USA....

Lamont, Margaret; Johnson, Darren

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Year Published: 2020

Improved prediction of management-relevant groundwater discharge characteristics throughout river networks

Groundwater discharge zones connect aquifers to surface water, generating baseflow and serving as ecosystem control points across aquatic ecosystems. The influence of groundwater discharge on surface flow connectivity, fate and transport of contaminants and nutrients, and thermal habitat depends strongly on hydrologic characteristics such as the...

Barclay, Janet R.; Starn, J. Jeffrey; Briggs, Martin A.; Helton, Ashley

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Year Published: 2020

Potentiometric surfaces, 2011–12, and water-level differences between 1995 and 2011–12, in wells of the “200-foot,” “500-foot,” and “700-foot” sands of the Lake Charles area, southwestern Louisiana

Water levels were determined in 90 wells to prepare 2011–12 potentiometric surfaces focusing primarily on the “200-foot,” 500-foot,” and “700-foot” sands of the Lake Charles area, which are part of the Chicot aquifer system underlying Calcasieu and Cameron Parishes of southwestern Louisiana. These three aquifers provided 34 percent of the total...

White, Vincent E.; Griffith, Jason M.
White, V.E., and Griffith, J.M., 2020, Potentiometric surfaces, 2011–12, and water-level differences between 1995 and 2011–12, in wells of the “200-foot,” “500-foot,” and “700-foot” sands of the Lake Charles area, southwestern Louisiana: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Map 3460, 4 sheets, 11-p. pamphlet, http://dx.doi.org/10.3133/sim3460.

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Year Published: 2020

Modeling soil porewater salinity in mangrove forests (Everglades, Florida, USA) impacted by hydrological restoration and a warming climate

Hydrology is a critical driver controlling mangrove wetlands structural and functional attributes at different spatial and temporal scales. Yet, human activities have negatively affected hydrology, causing mangrove diebacks and coverage loss worldwide. In fact, the assessment of mangrove water budgets, impacted by natural and human disturbances,...

Zhao, Xiaochen; Rivera-Monroy, Victor H.; Wang, Hongqing; Xue, Zuo; Tsai, Cheng-Feng; Willson, C. S.; Castañeda-Moya, E.; Twilley, Robert R.

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Year Published: 2020

Total water level data from the January and March 2018 nor’easters for coastal areas of New England

During winter 2017–18 coastal areas of New England were impacted by the January 4, and March 2–4, 2018, nor’easters. The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), under an interagency agreement with the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA), collected total water level data (the combination of tide, storm surge, wave runup and setup, and freshwater...

Bent, Gardner C.; Taylor, Nicholas J.
Bent, G.C., and Taylor, N.J., 2020, Total water level data from the January and March 2018 nor’easters for coastal areas of New England: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2020–5048, 47 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/sir20205048.

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Year Published: 2020

Occurrence and spatiotemporal dynamics of pharmaceuticals in a temperate-region wastewater effluent-dominated stream: Variable inputs and differential attenuation yield evolving complex exposure mixtures

Effluent-dominated streams are becoming increasingly common in temperate regions and generate complex pharmaceutical mixture exposure conditions that may impact aquatic organisms via drug–drug interactions. Here, we quantified spatiotemporal pharmaceutical exposure concentrations and composition mixture dynamics during baseflow conditions at four...

Zhi, Hui; Kolpin, Dana W.; Klaper, R.D.; Iwanowicz, Luke R.; Meppelink, Shannon M.; LeFevre, Gregory H.

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Year Published: 2020

Methods for estimating selected low-flow frequency statistics and mean annual flow for ungaged locations on streams in Alabama

Streamflow data and statistics are vitally important for proper protection and management of the water quality and water quantity of Alabama streams. Such data and statistics are generally available at U.S. Geological Survey streamflow-gaging stations, also referred to as streamgages or stations, but are often needed at ungaged stream locations....

Feaster, Toby D.; Kolb, Katharine R.; Painter, Jaime A.; Clark, Jimmy M.
Feaster, T.D., Kolb, K.R., Painter, J.A., and Clark, J.M., 2020, Methods for estimating selected low-flow frequency statistics and mean annual flow for ungaged locations on streams in Alabama (ver. 1.1, November 20, 2020): U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2020–5099, 21 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/sir20205099.

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Year Published: 2020

Stressor identification framework of biological impairment in Mississippi streams to support watershed restoration and TMDL development

The Clean Water Act (CWA) requires States to identify waters that are impaired for designated uses. These waters are published through a State’s §303(d) list. The CWA also requires that a total maximum daily load (TMDL) be completed for each water body to calculate the maximum amount of contaminants that can be present in that water body and still...

Hicks, Matthew B.; Cartwright, Jennifer M.
Hicks, M.B., and Cartwright, J.M., 2020, Stressor identification framework of biological impairment in Mississippi streams to support watershed restoration and TMDL development: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2020–5098, 42 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/sir20205098.

Filter Total Items: 216
Image: WRP Morehouse Parish, Louisiana
November 14, 2008

WRP Morehouse Parish, Louisiana

Wetlands Reserve Program site in Morehouse Parish, Louisiana.  Green tree frogs rest on a Wetlands Reserve Program easement boundary sign in Morehouse Parish, Louisiana.

Midwest farm landscape
September 19, 2008

Farm in Iowa with silos

This farm in Iowa sits amid a field of corn.  USGS researches the effects of agricultural use of fertilizers, pesticides, and other chemicals on surface-water and groundwater quality.

Farm in Iowa in morning mist
September 19, 2008

Farm in Iowa in morning mist amid cornfield

Iowa farm in a cornfield in the early morning mist.  USGS research investigates the effects of agricultural use of fertilizers, pesticides, and other chemicals in the quality of surface water and groundwater.

USGS streamflow-gaging station 07056000, Buffalo River near St. Joe, Arkansas
March 19, 2008

Measuring streamflow with an acoustic doppler current profiler

B.K. Martin, hydrologic technician in the Little Rock office of the USGS Lower Mississippi-Gulf Water Science Center, measuring streamflow with an acoustic doppler current profiler during flood of March 19, 2008, at USGS streamflow-gaging station 07056000, Buffalo River near St. Joe, Arkansas. Photograph by W.E. Baldwin, USGS Lower Mississippi-Gulf Water Science Center.

Flood of March 19, 2008, Buffalo River near St. Joe, Ark.
March 19, 2008

Flood of March 19, 2008 at Buffalo River, Ark.

B.K. Martin, hydrologic technician in the Little Rock office of the USGS Lower Mississippi-Gulf Water Science Center, measuring streamflow with an acoustic doppler current profiler during flood of March 19, 2008, at USGS streamflow-gaging station 07056000, Buffalo River near St. Joe, Arkansas. Photograph by W.E. Baldwin, USGS Lower Mississippi-Gulf Water Science Center.

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Flood at White River at Calico Rock, Arkansas
March 19, 2008

White River at Calico Rock, Arkansas, during flood of March 19, 2008

White River at Calico Rock, Arkansas, during flood of March 19, 2008. Photograph by Daniel M. Wagner, U.S. Geological Survey.

Dauphin Island, Alabama, map views
December 31, 2005

Dauphin Island, Alabama, map views

Dauphin Island, Alabama. Map views of post-storm difference grids for Hurricanes Ivan (A) and Katrina (B), and vertical photography of the same location (C). The lidar images show elevation gains (green) and losses (red).

Before and after photos showing destroyed pier house and antebellum home
December 31, 2005

Before and after photos showing destroyed pier house and classic home

In the top image, taken in 1998, notice the pier, pier house, and the antebellum house. The bottom image shows the same location on August 31, 2005, two days after Hurricane Katrina made landfall. This photo shows the complete destruction of these landmarks.

Photo sets of Waveland, Mississippi, pre- and post-Katrina
December 31, 2005

Photo sets of Waveland, Mississippi, pre- and post-Katrina

The top image was taken off the coast of Bay St. Louis, Mississippi, in July 1998 by researchers at the University of New Orleans. In this image, notice the large multi-story houses, some of which are built on stilts to protect the homes from flooding. The bottom image shows the same location on August 31, 2005, two days after landfall of Hurricane Katrina. The storm surge

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Photo sets of Waveland, Mississippi, pre- and post-Katrina
December 31, 2005

Photo sets of Waveland, Mississippi, pre- and post-Katrina

The top image, taken off the coast of Waveland, Mississippi, in July 1998, shows several large oceanfront homes, and thick wooded vegetation bordering the sandy beach. The bottom image shows the same location on August 31, 2005, two days after landfall of Hurricane Katrina. All of the houses have been destroyed, and the tennis court behind the house on the far right is no

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Filter Total Items: 255
USGS
December 18, 2008

U.S. Geological Survey Deputy Director Robert Doyle has been selected as a Distinguished recipient of the Presidential Rank Award, a prestigious award that commends outstanding leadership and long-term accomplishments.

USGS
September 12, 2008

New maps that help forecast possible impacts and damages to coastal communities from Hurricane Ike can be accessed online.http://coastal.er.usgs.gov/hurricanes/ike/ .

USGS
August 29, 2008

Real-time flooding and storm surge information is available as Tropical Storm Gustav approaches the Gulf Coast by visiting the interactive US Geological Survey (USGS) Water Hazards Map.

USGS
August 28, 2008

U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) scientists will be installing rapidly-deployable mobile gages and storm-surge sensors to prepare for Tropical Storm Gustav.

USGS
June 12, 2008

Today the U.S. Geological Survey is installing a temporary streamgage in downtown Cedar Rapids until the permanent streamgage can be restored. Transmission of the information from the streamgage was abruptly interrupted last night when power to the downtown Cedar Rapids area was cut off because of safety concerns due to the flooding and the backup system failed. 

USGS
May 1, 2008

The largest flood on the lower Mississippi River since 1973 was measured on April 22 in Vicksburg, Mississippi by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), in cooperation with the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers.

USGS
April 21, 2008

Partners in the Sparta Aquifer Recovery Initiative in southern Arkansas and northern Louisiana were recognized with the Department of the Interior's Cooperative Conservation Award today.

USGS
January 29, 2008

Nine states in the Mississippi River Basin contribute the majority of nutrients to the Northern Gulf of Mexico, threatening the economic and ecological health of one of the nation's largest and most productive fisheries.

USGS
January 24, 2008

The overabundance of nutrients in the Gulf has resulted in a zone of low dissolved oxygen, or hypoxia, which can cause stress and death in bottom-dwelling organisms, threatening the economic and ecological health of the one of the nation's most productive fisheries.

USGS
June 25, 2007

Watch history in action as U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) scientists share the secrets of sampling for metals in water with the Indian Tribes from Oklahoma, New Mexico, Louisiana, Texas, and Arkansas U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA), Region VI.