Unified Interior Regions

Region 4: Mississippi Basin

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Year Published: 2020

Effect of stressors on the carrying capacity of spatially distributed metapopulations

Stressors such as antibiotics, herbicides, and pollutants are becoming increasingly common in the environment. The effects of stressors on populations are typically studied in homogeneous, nonspatial settings. However, most populations in nature are spatially distributed over environmentally heterogeneous landscapes with spatially restricted...

Zhang, Bo; DeAngelis, Don; Ni, Wei-Ming; Wang, Yuanshi; Zhai, Lu; Kula, Alex; Xu, Shuang; Van Dyken, J. David

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Year Published: 2020

Changing suspended sediment in United States rivers and streams: Linking sediment trends to changes in land use/cover, hydrology and climate

Sediment is one of the leading pollutants in rivers and streams across the United States (US) and the world. Between 1992 and 2012, concentrations of annual mean suspended sediment decreased at over half of the 137 stream sites assessed across the contiguous US. Increases occurred at less than 25 % of the sites, and the direction of change was...

Murphy, Jennifer C.

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Year Published: 2020

Legacy and current‐use contaminants in sediments alter macroinvertebrate communities in southeastern US Streams

Sediment contamination of freshwater streams in urban areas is a recognized and growing concern. As a part of a comprehensive regional stream‐quality assessment, stream‐bed sediment was sampled from streams spanning a gradient of urban intensity in the Piedmont ecoregion of the southeastern United States. We evaluated relations between a broad...

Moran, Patrick W.; Kemble, Nile E.; Waite, Ian R.; Mahler, Barbara; Nowell, Lisa H.; Van Metre, Peter C.

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Year Published: 2020

Sea turtle conservation: Priorities for environmental education efforts

All five species of sea turtle that occur in Florida are in danger of extinction.  Many of the reasons these turtles are declining are a result of people’s actions on beaches and in shallow waters. Environmental education is needed to increase awareness and appreciation for sea turtles, and to teach about the potential harmful impacts human...

Swindall, Jessica E.; Ober, Holly K.; Lamont, Margaret; Carthy, Raymond R.

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Year Published: 2020

The first occurrence of the Australian redclaw crayfish Cherax quadricarinatus (von Martens, 1868) in the contiguous United States

The Australian redclaw crayfish, Cherax quadricarinatus, is a popular aquaculture crayfish that has been introduced around the world. Here we report the first occurrence of the species in the United States in Lake Balboa, Los Angeles, California. The impacts of this species are largely unknown, and further research is needed to determine the...

Morningstar, Cayla; Daniel, Wesley; Neilson, Matthew; Yazaryan, Ara K.

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Year Published: 2020

Assessing water-quality changes in agricultural drainages: Examples from oxbow lake tributaries in Mississippi, USA and simulation-based power analyses

Hydrology and water quality (suspended sediment, total nitrogen, ammonia, total Kjeldahl nitrogen, nitrate plus nitrite, and total phosphorus (TP)) were monitored in two small agricultural drainages in northwestern Mississippi to document changes in water quality that coincided with the implementation of BMPs in upstream drainages. Using an event-...

Murphy, Jennifer C.; Hicks, Matthew B.; Stocks, Shane J.

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Year Published: 2020

Acute and chronic toxicity of sodium nitrate and sodium sulfate to several freshwater organisms in water-only exposures

Elevated nitrate (NO3) and sulfate (SO4) in surface water are of global concern, and studies are needed to generate toxicity data to develop environmental guideline values for NO3 and SO4. The present study was designed to fill existing gaps in toxicity databases by determining the acute and/or chronic toxicity of NO3 (tested as NaNO3) to a...

Wang, Ning; Dorman, Rebecca A.; Ivey, Chris D.; Soucek, David J.; Dickinson, Amy; Kunz, Bethany K.; Steevens, Jeffery; Hammer, Edward J.; Bauer, Candice R.

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Year Published: 2020

Borehole‐scale testing of matrix diffusion for contaminated‐rock aquifers

A new method was developed to assess the effect of matrix diffusion on contaminant transport and remediation of groundwater in fractured rock. This method utilizes monitoring wells constructed of open boreholes in fractured rock to conduct backward diffusion experiments on chlorinated volatile organic compounds (CVOCs) in groundwater. The...

Harte, Philip; Brandon, William C.

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Year Published: 2020

Egg counts of Southern Leopard Frog, Lithobates sphenocephalus, egg masses from southern Louisiana, USA

Southern Leopard Frogs, Lithobates sphenocephalus (Cope, 1889), lay eggs year-round in their southern range, including Louisiana, but their peak breeding season is the cooler months from late fall through early spring (Mount, 1975; Caldwell, 1986; Dundee and Rossman, 1989). Double-enveloped eggs in globular masses are typically deposited in...

Glorioso, Brad M.; Muse, Lindy J.; Waddle, J. Hardin

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Year Published: 2020

Non-freezing cold event stresses can cause significant damage to mangrove seedlings: Assessing the role of warming and nitrogen enrichment in a mesocosm study

Mangroves are expanding poleward along coastlines globally as a response to rising temperatures and reduced incidence of freezing under climate change. Yet, knowledge of mangrove responses to infrequent cold events in the context of future global and regional environmental changes is limited. We initiated a mesocosm experiment in which the...

Song, Weimin; Feng, Jianxiang; Krauss, Ken W.; Zhao, Yan; Wang, Zhonglei; Luo, Yiqi; Lin, Guanghui

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Year Published: 2020

Conceptual frameworks

The chapter starts by addressing some of the issues that come from not using a conceptual framework. This point is illustrated using an example with causal factors. The chapter then goes on to explain the mechanics of establishing conceptual frameworks. Lastly, it lays out a step-by-step guide on how to create a framework—generating a set of...

Park, Keunhyun; Grace, James B.; Ewing, Reid

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Year Published: 2020

Final project memorandum: Southeast Climate Adaptation Science Center Project

Low-lying public lands along the northern Gulf of Mexico coast are vulnerable to sea-level rise. Coastal planners and resource managers in the region have requested customized information that can be used to concisely communicate local sea-level rise scenarios and identify potential impacts to the missions of management agencies.In this project,...

Osland, Michael; Collini, Renee C.