Unified Interior Regions

Region 4: Mississippi Basin

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Year Published: 2020

Disturbances drive changes in coral community assemblages and coral calcification capacity

Anthropogenic environmental change has increased coral reef disturbance regimes in recent decades, altering the structure and function of many coral reefs globally. In this study, we used coral community survey data collected from 1996 to 2015 to evaluate coral calcification capacity (CCC) dynamics with respect to recorded pulse disturbances for...

Courtney, Travis A.; Barnes, Brian B.; Chollett, Iliana; Elahi, Robin; Gross, Kevin; Guest, James R.; Kuffner, Ilsa B.; Lenz, Elizabeth A.; Nelson, Hanna R; Rogers, Caroline; Toth, Lauren T.; Andersson, Andreas J

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Year Published: 2020

Book review: Proceedings of the First International Snakehead Symposium

Snakehead fishes (family Channidae) are among the most maligned aquatic invasive species in the USA and some other countries where they have been introduced outside of their native range in Asia and Africa. Nevertheless, snakeheads continue to be widely exploited in the live‐food trade in aquaculture and wild‐capture fisheries, are highly sought...

Walsh, Stephen

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Year Published: 2020

The incubation environment of nests deposited by a genetically distinct group of loggerhead sea turtles in Northwest Florida

The warming climate presents a challenge to conservation of all threatened and endangered species but particularly to those that exhibit temperature-dependent sex determination such as sea turtles. Changes in temperature may result in changes in the sex ratio of the population which can directly affect reproductive rate, abundance and population...

Lamont, Margaret; Johnson, Darren; Carthy, Raymond

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Year Published: 2020

Modelling grass carp egg transport using a 3-D hydrodynamic river model: The role of egg retention in dead zones on spawning success

Invasive grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idella) are known to spawn in the Sandusky River, Ohio, USA, within the Great Lakes Basin, and are threatening to expand throughout the Great Lakes. Successful spawning is thought to require that eggs remain in suspension until hatching, which depends on river hydrodynamics and temperature-dependent egg...

Heer, Tej; Wells, Mathew G.; Jackson, P. Ryan; Mandrak, Nicholas E.

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Year Published: 2020

A graphical causal model for resolving species identity effects and biodiversity–ecosystem function correlations

Identifying and clearly communicating the drivers of ecosystem function is a crucially important goal for both basic and applied ecology. This has proven difficult because the putative causes (e.g., environment, species identity, biodiversity, and functional traits) are numerous and correlated. The problem is exacerbated by a lack of a formal...

Schoolmaster, Donald R.; Zirbel, Chad R; Cronin, James P.

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Year Published: 2020

Migration corridors and threats in the Gulf of Mexico and Florida Straits for loggerhead sea turtles

Along migration corridors, animals can face natural and anthropogenic threats that differ from those in breeding and non-breeding residence areas. Satellite telemetry can aid in describing the timing and location of these migrations. We use this tool with switching state-space modeling and line kernel density estimates to identify migration...

Iverson, Autumn; Benscoter, Allison; Fujisaki, Ikuko; Lamont, Margaret; Hart, Kristen

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Year Published: 2020

Groundwater chloride concentrations in domestic wells and proximity to roadways in Vermont, 2011–2018

The Vermont Department of Health and the U.S. Geological Survey analyzed the concentrations of chloride in groundwater samples collected from 4,319 domestic wells across Vermont between 2011 and 2018. Ninety of these wells were sampled twice and the remaining 4,229 were sampled once. This sample size represents approximately 4 percent of all wells...

Levitt, Joseph P.; Larsen, Sille L.
Levitt, J.P., and Larsen, S.L., 2020, Groundwater chloride concentrations in domestic wells and proximity to roadways in Vermont, 2011–2018: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2019–1148, 12 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/ofr20191148.

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Year Published: 2020

Hydrogeologic framework and simulation of predevelopment groundwater flow, eastern Abu Dhabi Emirate, United Arab Emirates

Groundwater in eastern Abu Dhabi in the United Arab Emirates is an important resource that is widely used for irrigation and domestic supplies in rural areas. The U.S. Geological Survey and the Environment Agency—Abu Dhabi cooperated on an investigation to integrate existing hydrogeologic information and to answer questions about regional...

Eggleston, Jack R.; Mack, Thomas J.; Imes, Jeffrey L.; Kress, Wade; Woodward, Dennis W.; Bright, Daniel J.
Eggleston, J.R., Mack, T.J., Imes, J.L., Kress, W., Woodward, D.W., and Bright, D.J., 2020, Hydrogeologic framework and simulation of predevelopment groundwater flow, eastern Abu Dhabi Emirate, United Arab Emirates: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2018–5158, 48 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/sir20185158.

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Year Published: 2020

Sea turtle conservation: 10 ways you can help

Five species of sea turtle rely on Florida’s coastal and nearshore habitats for nesting during the summer months and foraging throughout the year (Figure 1). - Loggerhead turtles, named for their large, block-shaped heads with strong jaw muscles for crushing benthic invertebrates, are the most common sea turtle species on Florida’s nesting...

Swindall, Jessica E.; Ober, Holly K.; Lamont, Margaret; Carthy, Raymond R.

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Year Published: 2020

Climate and local environment structure asynchrony and the stability of primary production in grasslands

Aim Climate variability threatens to destabilize production in many ecosystems. Asynchronous species dynamics may buffer against such variability when a decrease in performance by some species is offset by an increase in performance of others. However, high climatic variability can eliminate species through stochastic extinctions or cause similar...

Gilbert, B.; MacDougall, A.S.; Kadoya, T.; Akasaka, M.; Bennett, J. R.; Lind, E.M.; Flores-Moreno, H.; Firn, J.; Hautier, Y.; Borer, E.T.; Seabloom, E.W.; Adler, P.B.; Cleland, E.E.; Grace, James; Harpole, W.S.; Esch, E.H.; Moore, J.L.; Knops, J.; McCulley, R.; Mortensen, B.; Bakker, J.; Fay, P.A.

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Year Published: 2020

A multiscale approach to understanding migratory land bird habitat use of functional stopover habitat types and management efforts

It is hard to believe that many of the small “backyard birds” people see during spring and autumn can make migratory journeys that span thousands of kilometers. In fact, over two-thirds of all land birds (i.e., those not associated with aquatic habitats) and over half of the migratory species in North America move long distances to areas in Mexico...

Zenzal, Theodore J.

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Year Published: 2020

The ODD protocol for describing agent-based and other simulation models: A second update to improve clarity, replication, and structural realism

The Overview, Design concepts and Details (ODD) protocol for describing Individual- and Agent-Based Models (ABMs) is now widely accepted and used to document such models in journal articles. As a standardized document for providing a consistent, logical and readable account of the structure and dynamics of ABMs, some research groups also find it...

Grimm, Volker; Railsback, Steven F.; Vincenot, Christian; Berger, Uta; Gallagher, Cara; DeAngelis, Don; Edmonds, Bruce; Ge, Jiaqi; Giske, Jarl; Groeneveld, Jurgen; Johnston, Alice S.A.; Miles, Alexander; Nabe-Nielson, Jacob; Polhill, J. Gareth; Radchuk, Viktoriia; Rohwader, Marie-Sophie; Stillman, Richard A.; Theile, Jan; Ayllon, Daniel