Unified Interior Regions

Region 5: Missouri Basin

USGS Science Centers in the Missouri Basin Region

For more information on what each center is doing in the Missouri Basin, please follow the links below!

Wyoming - Montana Water Science Center

Northern Rocky Mountain Science Center

Kansas Water Science Center

Nebraska Water Science Center

Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center

Dakota Water Science Center

Regions L2 Landing Page Tabs

Welcome to Region 5! Our Region includes Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Nebraska, and Kansas. We conduct science to inform resource managers on issues such as invasive species, water quality/quantity, flood response, oil and gas, and restoration of fish/wildlife and their habitats.

News

Date published: October 19, 2021

Media Alert: USGS Dye-Tracing Study on the Kansas River to Aid in Protecting Water Supplies

U.S. Geological Survey scientists and partners will inject a harmless, bright red fluorescent dye into the Kansas River at Wamego, October 20 through 22, weather permitting. 

Date published: July 6, 2021

Media Alert: USGS Dye Tracing Study on the Kansas River to Aid in Protecting Water Supplies

U.S. Geological Survey scientists and partners will inject a harmless, bright red fluorescent dye into the Kansas River at Eudora July 7-9, weather permitting.

Filter Total Items: 307
Date published: November 5, 2021
Status: Active

Rocky Mountain Regional Snowpack Chemistry Monitoring Study

Snowpacks collect atmospheric deposition throughout the snowfall season and offer a unique opportunity to obtain a composite sample of the chemistry of most of the annual precipitation at high elevations [> 1,800 meters]. The purpose of the snowpack network is to determine annual concentrations and depositional amounts of selected nutrients and other constituents in snow resulting from...

Contacts: Graham Sexstone
Date published: July 1, 2020
Status: Active

Quantitative Disease Ecology

Researchers at the USGS are working on developing new quantitative methods to study disease dynamics in wildlife systems as well as systems at the wildlife-domestic-human interface. Much of our work focuses on how host population structure affects disease invasion, persistence and control in wildlife disease systems. We tackle these issues with a combination of simulation and statistical...

Date published: February 13, 2020
Status: Active

Hydrologic Assessment of the Blackfeet Reservation, Montana

The Blackfeet Nation seeks an increased scientific understanding of the water resources within the Blackfeet Reservation of northwestern Montana. Hydrologic information is needed in order to make informed water management decisions as the Blackfeet Nation moves forward with implementation of the Blackfeet Water Rights Compact as new water-use projects are initiated and as the Blackfeet...

Date published: December 17, 2019
Status: Active

Wyoming-Montana Stream Water-Quality Network - Water Year 2020

The USGS monitors stream water quality in Wyoming and Montana in cooperation with State, County, local, and other Federal agencies. Water-quality data for these sites are available from the USGS National Water Information System Web Mapper application in the form of an interactive map that can be accessed from the Data and Tools tab.

Date published: December 5, 2019
Status: Completed

Eyes on Earth Episode 11 – EROS Fall Poster Session

Eyes on Earth is a podcast on remote sensing, Earth observation, land change and science, brought to you by the USGS Earth Resources Observation and Science (EROS) Center. In this episode, we hear from a few of the scientists on hand for the EROS Fall Poster Session.

Contacts: Janice Nelson
Date published: September 20, 2019
Status: Active

Eyes on Earth Episode 4 - Cataloging Earth Observation Satellites

Eyes on Earth is a podcast on remote sensing, Earth observation, land change and science, brought to you by the USGS Earth Resources Observation and Science (EROS) Center. In this episode, we learn about the ever-expanding number of Earth observation satellites.

Contacts: Janice Nelson
Date published: September 5, 2019
Status: Active

Peak-Flow Frequency Analysis for Selected Montana Streamgages

The Montana Department of Resources and Conservation requires peak-flow information for Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) floodplain mapping for various locations across Montana. Accordingly, the USGS WY-MT Water Science Center has updated peak-flow frequencies for selected streamgages in the Beaverhead River, Clark Fork, Ruby, Jefferson and Madison River Basins, and for selected...

Date published: August 30, 2019
Status: Active

Eyes on Earth Episode 3 - National Land Cover Database

Eyes on Earth is a podcast on remote sensing, Earth observation, land change and science, brought to you by the USGS Earth Resources Observation and Science (EROS) Center. In this episode, we talk about the National Land Cover Database.

Contacts: Janice Nelson
Date published: August 30, 2019
Status: Active

Eyes on Earth Episode 2 - Chernobyl

Eyes on Earth is a podcast on remote sensing, Earth observation, land change and science, brought to you by the USGS Earth Resources Observation and Science (EROS) Center. In this episode, we talk about the Chernobyl disaster.

Contacts: Janice Nelson
Date published: August 30, 2019
Status: Active

Eyes on Earth Episode 1 - Intro to EROS

Eyes on Earth is a podcast on remote sensing, Earth observation, land change and science, brought to you by the USGS Earth Resources Observation and Science (EROS) Center. In this episode, we learn about EROS history and purpose.

Contacts: Janice Nelson
Date published: August 29, 2019
Status: Active

Eyes on Earth

Eyes on Earth is a podcast on remote sensing, Earth observation, land change and science, brought to you by the USGS Earth Resources Observation and Science (EROS) Center. In this episode, we learn how a Collections strategy boost the value of the Landsat archive.

Contacts: Tim Glynn
Date published: July 30, 2019
Status: Active

Flaxville Aquifer

The Flaxville aquifer is present in the northern and central parts of the Fort Peck Indian Reservation and consists of sand and gravel that forms extensive plateaus and topographic benches used for dryland farming.  Because many residents rely on groundwater as their primary water supply on the Reservation, the Flaxville and underlying aquifers are important sources of groundwater.  The goal...

Filter Total Items: 96
Date published: November 12, 2020

Surface water sites associated with the hydrologic assessment of the Blackfeet Reservation, Montana

Surface water sites associated with the hydrologic assessment of the Blackfeet Reservation in Montana.

Date published: September 26, 2019

Data for assessing the susceptibility of groundwater used for drinking water supply from selected principal aquifers of the Western United States, 2004-2018

Groundwater age distribution and susceptibility to natural and anthropogenic contaminants were assessed for selected principal aquifers of the Western United States: the Central Valley aquifer system (CVAL), the Basin and Range basin-fill aquifers (BNRF), the Rio Grande aquifer system (RIOG), the High Plains aquifer (HPAQ), the Columbia Plateau basaltic-rock aquifers (

Date published: September 24, 2019

Stillwater Complex Rock Outcrop Database

This dataset includes polygons that describe areas of rock outcrop in the area of the Stillwater Complex, Montana. The Stillwater Complex is an Archean, ultramafic to mafic layered intrusion exposed in the Beartooth Mountains in south-central Montana. This igneous intrusion contains magmatic mineralization that is variably enriched in strategic and critical commodities such as chromium, nic...

Date published: September 5, 2019

Geodetic Data for USGS Benchmark Glaciers: Orthophotos, Digital Elevation Models, and Glacier Boundaries

Since the late 1950s, the USGS has maintained a long-term glacier mass-balance program at three North American glaciers. Measurements began on South Cascade Glacier, WA in 1958, expanding to Gulkana and Wolverine glaciers, AK in 1966, and later Sperry Glacier, MT in 2005. Additional measurements have been made on Lemon Creek Glacier, AK to compliment data collected by the Juneau Ice

Date published: July 16, 2019

High Altitude Weather Station Data at USGS Benchmark Glaciers

Since the late 1950s, the USGS has maintained a long-term glacier mass-balance program at three North American glaciers. Measurements began on South Cascade Glacier, WA in 1958, expanding to Gulkana and Wolverine glaciers, AK in 1966, and later Sperry Glacier, MT in 2005. Additional measurements have been made on Lemon Creek Glacier, AK to compliment data collected by the Juneau Ice

Date published: July 12, 2019

Crustal Architecture Beneath the Southern Midcontinent (USA) -- Data Grids and 3D Geophysical Models

Regional grid files and 3D voxel models were used to study crustal architecture beneath the Southern Midcontinent (USA) by McCafferty and others (2019). The study covered a rectangular, multi-state area of 924 by 924 kilometers centered on Missouri, and a corresponding volume extending from the topographic surface to a depth of 50 kilometers below sea level. The grid files consist of

Date published: July 12, 2019

Tellurium Deposits in the United States

This data release provides the description of U.S. sites that include mineral regions, mines and mineral occurrences (deposits) that have a contained resource and (or) production of tellurium metal greater than 1 metric ton. For this data release, only one deposit in the U.S. with historic production records was found: Butte, Montana. We did not locate any deposits in the U.S. tha

Date published: April 2, 2019

Flood Event Viewer - Montana June 2018 Flood Rocky Mountain Front

The USGS WY-MT Water Science Center provided discharge measurements and high water mark (HWM) flagging for the June 2018 flooding along Elk Creek in Augusta, Montana.

Date published: March 25, 2019

Downloadable Data for National Oil and Gas Assessments

GIS Data for the National Oil and Gas Assessments 

Date published: January 1, 2019

Airborne electromagnetic and magnetic survey data, Stillwater Complex, Montana, May 2000

A helicopter-borne electromagnetic/magnetic survey was flown over the Stillwater area, southwest Montana from May 5 to May 16, 2000. The survey was conducted over the Stillwater Igneous Complex, a Precambrian layered mafic-ultramafic intrusion which is characterized by igneous layering. Electromagnetic data were acquired using DIGHEM helicopter-borne electromagnetic system. Magnetic data

Date published: December 6, 2018

Downloadable Data for Forest City Basin Oil and Gas Assessments

GIS Data for Forest City Basin Oil and Gas Assessments

Filter Total Items: 12
Screen capture of Montana StreamStats application
February 13, 2018

StreamStats is a Web-based geographic information system application that was created by the USGS to provide users with access to an assortment of analytical tools that are useful for water-resource planning and management.

Map of Johnson County, Kansas
June 14, 2017

An interactive map of Johnson County with sites.

Flood water with a Highway 152 sign sticking out June-July 2007
August 11, 2016

This map shows the location of stream gages where the water level is currently at or above flood stage (depicted as a black triangle) or at high flow (depicted as blue circles) The high flow conditions are expressed as percentiles that compare the current (i.e., within the past several hours) instantaneous flow value to historical daily mean flow values

Map of Kansas with a mark at Wamego and De Soto
August 1, 2016

Study area for the Kansas River Algal project.

Indian Creek Map
June 15, 2016

The purpose of the study is to assess the effects of wastewater discharge and treatment facility upgrades on the environmental and biological conditions of Indian Creek, downstream from the Middle Basin wastewater treatment facility (WWTF).

Map showing the outline of the Equus study area with icons for various wells, and recharge sites
June 15, 2016

Equus Site Map has various wells and recharge points in the Equus study area to promote water recharge.

Digital Elevation Model in the Atchafalaya Basin, LA
April 19, 2016

The 3DEP products and services available through The National Map consist of standard digital elevation models (DEMs) at various horizontal resolutions, elevation source and associated datasets, an elevation point query service and bulk point query service. All 3DEP products are available, free of charge and without use restrictions.

Screen capture of the Red-Assiniboine SPARROW online mapper.
April 10, 2016

This mapper displays SPARROW nutrient load and yield data and the importance of various nutrient sources for the RARB, given nutrient inputs similar to 2002. Rankings can be shown by country, state/province, HUC4, HUC8, and catchment. Nutrient data can be explored using maps and interactive graphs and tables. Modeling results can be exported as an Excel spreadsheet or a geospatial dataset.

Filter Total Items: 5
Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 2021

Spatiotemporal dynamics of CO2 gas exchange from headwater mountain streams

Mountain streams play an important role in the global carbon cycle by transporting, metabolizing, and exchanging carbon they receive from the terrestrial environment. The rates at which these processes occur remain highly uncertain because of a paucity of observations and the difficulty of measuring gas exchange rates in steep, turbulent mountain...

Clow, David W.; Striegl, Robert G.; Dornblaser, Mark

Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 2021

USGS National Water Quality Monitoring Network

What is the U.S. Geological Survey National Water Quality Monitoring Network?Understanding the water quality of U.S. streams and rivers requires consistent data collection and analysis over decades. The U.S. Geological Survey’s (USGS) National Water Quality Network (NWQN) was established to facilitate national-scale understanding of surface-water...

Riskin, Melissa L.; Lee, Casey J.
Lee, C.J., and Riskin, M.L., 2021, USGS National Water Quality Monitoring Network: U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet 2021–3019, 2 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/fs20213019.

Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 2021

Multi-region assessment of chemical mixture exposures and predicted cumulative effects in USA wadeable urban/agriculture-gradient streams

Chemical-contaminant mixtures are widely reported in large stream reaches in urban/agriculture-developed watersheds, but mixture compositions and aggregate biological effects are less well understood in corresponding smaller headwaters, which comprise most of stream length, riparian connectivity, and spatial biodiversity. During 2014–2017,...

Bradley, Paul; Journey, Celeste A.; Romanok, Kristin; Breitmeyer, Sara; Button, Daniel T.; Carlisle, Daren M.; Huffman, Bradley; Mahler, Barbara; Nowell, Lisa H.; Qi, Sharon L.; Smalling, Kelly; Waite, Ian R.; Van Metre, Peter C.
Attribution: California Water Science Center, Colorado Water Science Center, Maryland-Delaware-D.C. Water Science Center, New Jersey Water Science Center, Ohio-Kentucky-Indiana Water Science Center, Oklahoma-Texas Water Science Center, Oregon Water Science Center, South Atlantic Water Science Center (SAWSC), Water Resources, Region 1: North Atlantic-Appalachian, Region 2: South Atlantic-Gulf (Includes Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands), Region 3: Great Lakes, Region 4: Mississippi Basin, Region 5: Missouri Basin, Region 6: Arkansas-Rio Grande-Texas-Gulf, Region 7: Upper Colorado Basin, Region 8: Lower Colorado Basin, Region 9: Columbia-Pacific Northwest, Region 10: California-Great Basin, Region 11: Alaska, Region 12: Pacific Islands (American Samoa, Hawaii, Guam, Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands)

Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 2021

In vitro effects-based method and water quality screening model for use in pre- and post-distribution treated waters

Recent urban public water supply contamination events emphasize the importance of screening treated drinking water quality after distribution. In vitro bioassays, when run concurrently with analytical chemistry methods, are effective tools to evaluating the efficacy of water treatment processes and water quality. We tested 49 water...

Medlock-Kakaley, Elizabeth; Cardon, Mary C.; Evans, Nicola; Iwanowicz, Luke R.; Allen, Joshua M.; Wagner, Elizabeth; Bokenkamp, Katherine; Richardson, Susan D; Plewa, Michael J; Bradley, Paul; Romanok, Kristin; Kolpin, Dana W.; Conley, Justin M.; Gray, L. Earl Jr.; Hartig, Phillip C.; Wilson, Vickie S.

Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 2021

Assessing the impact of drought on arsenic exposure from private domestic wells in the conterminous United States

This study assesses the potential impact of drought on arsenic exposure from private domestic wells by using a previously developed statistical model that predicts the probability of elevated arsenic concentrations (>10 μg per liter) in water from domestic wells located in the conterminous United States (CONUS). The application of the model to...

Lombard, Melissa; Daniel, Johnni; Jeddy, Zuha; Hay, Lauren; Ayotte, Joseph D.

Filter Total Items: 739
Photo of the Roosevelt Arch at the north entrance of Yellowstone National Park at night with comet NEOWISE in the background
July 16, 2020

Comet NEOWISE and the Roosevelt Arch at Yellowstone National Park

Comet NEOWISE is seen with the Roosevelt Arch in the foreground at the north Entrance of Yellowstone National Park.  The town of Gardiner, Montana, is in the background.

USGS hydrographer Josh Sundberg measures Red River water flowing over the road in East Grand Forks, Minnesota.
April 10, 2020

USGS Responds to Spring Flooding in Minnesota

On April 10, USGS hydrographer Josh Sundberg measures Red River water flowing over the road in East Grand Forks, Minnesota as flood protection walls prevent further flooding.
 

On April 6, USGS hydrographer Spencer Wheeling carries equipment out to measure high water on the Tongue River near Akra, ND.
April 6, 2020

USGS Responds to Spring Flooding in North Dakota

On April 6, USGS hydrographer Spencer Wheeling carries equipment out to measure high water on the Tongue River near Akra, North Dakota. 

The USGS Dakota Water Science Center began their spring flood response on March 9, 2020, when melting snow caused river levels to exceed flood stage at sixteen USGS streamgage locations in eastern South Dakota.  At the height of

...
USGS hydrographer Chris Broz gets on the cold ground to measure the high-water mark of the Pembina River at Neche, North Dakota.
April 6, 2020

USGS Responds to Spring Flooding in North Dakota

USGS hydrographer Chris Broz gets on the cold ground to measure the high-water mark of the Pembina River at Neche, North Dakota. 
The USGS Dakota Water Science Center began their spring flood response on March 9, 2020, when melting snow caused river levels to exceed flood stage at sixteen USGS streamgage locations in eastern South Dakota.  At the height of operations

...
USGS hydrographer Spencer Wheeling gets equipment ready to collect a flood water-quality sample on the Wild Rice River.
April 5, 2020

USGS Responds to Spring Flooding in North Dakota

USGS hydrographer Spencer Wheeling gets equipment ready to collect a flood water-quality sample on the Wild Rice River near St. Benedict, North Dakota. Collecting water-quality samples helps communities assess the sources and fate of contaminants in aquatic systems, to protect and enhance water resources for human health, aquatic health and environmental quality.
The

...
USGS hydrographer Brent Hanson wades out in freezing waters to collect flood measurements on the Sheyenne River.
April 5, 2020

USGS Responds to Spring Flooding in North Dakota

USGS hydrographer Brent Hanson wades out in freezing waters to collect flood measurements on the Sheyenne River near Cooperstown, North Dakota. Hanson reads an outside staff, which is a vertical graduated ruler used to calibrate the continuous readings of water level provided by electronic sensors. Water level is important information for communities living adjacent to

...
A frozen USGS rapid deployment streamgage measures the height of the Maple River near Page, North Dakota.
April 4, 2020

USGS Responds to Spring Flooding in North Dakota

A frozen USGS rapid deployment streamgage measures the height of the Maple River near Page, North Dakota. RDGs can be installed on short notice to provide additional information at locations that are normally not gauged.
The USGS Dakota Water Science Center began their spring flood response on March 9, 2020, when melting snow caused river levels to exceed flood stage

...
Map showing ice cover in the Yellowstone region
December 31, 2019

Map showing ice cover in the Yellowstone region

Map showing ice cover in the Yellowstone region. Light shaded areas bounded by black and red lines indicate areas covered during the Pinedale (about 20,000-15,000 years ago) and Bull Lake (about 150,000 years ago) glaciations, respectively. Blue lines are contours in thousands of feet on the maximum reconstructed Pinedale glacier surface. The circled numbers schematically

...
Sandhill Cranes at Glacial Ridge National Wildlife Refuge
December 31, 2019

Sandhill Cranes at Glacial Ridge National Wildlife Refuge

Sandhill Crane Pair in flight at Glacial Ridge National Wildlife Refuge

Young Moose, Glacial Ridge National Wildlife Refuge
December 31, 2019

Young Moose, Glacial Ridge National Wildlife Refuge

Young moose near Benoit, Minnesota, Glacial Ridge National Wildlife Refuge

December 2, 2019

Yellowstone Volcano Observatory Monthly Update: December 2, 2019

Mike Poland, Scientist-in-Charge of the Yellowstone Volcano Observatory, describes activity at Yellowstone during the month of November 2019.

Filter Total Items: 290
USGS scientists release Rhodamine WT dye at precise moment at beginning of the dye experiment.
October 19, 2021

U.S. Geological Survey scientists and partners will inject a harmless, bright red fluorescent dye into the Kansas River at Wamego, October 20 through 22, weather permitting. 

Photo of a red dye-tracer study in June 2016 on the Missouri River near Fort Peck Dam, Montana.
July 6, 2021

U.S. Geological Survey scientists and partners will inject a harmless, bright red fluorescent dye into the Kansas River at Eudora July 7-9, weather permitting.

Wind River Range, Wyoming
June 23, 2021

Temperature significantly increased and snowfall decreased in the iconic Greater Yellowstone Area since 1950 because of climate change, and these trends will likely continue through the rest of the century, according to a climate report published today.

Absaroka Mountains in northeastern Yellowstone National Park
June 17, 2021

Federal and university partners invite members of the media to a virtual news conference next week about past and future effects of climate change on the iconic Greater Yellowstone Area.   

Photo of a red dye-tracer study in June 2016 on the Missouri River near Fort Peck Dam, Montana.
April 28, 2021

U.S. Geological Survey and partners will inject a harmless, bright red fluorescent dye into the Kansas River on April 29, weather permitting. The study is being done by the USGS in cooperation with the Kansas Water Office, Kansas Department of Health and Environment, The Nature Conservancy, City of Manhattan, City of Topeka, City of Olathe, City of Lawrence, and WaterOne.

A vibrant blue image of Earth with swirling white clouds and brown landmasses
January 29, 2021

Scientists rely on seismometers and eyewitness accounts to identify an earthquake’s location, time and magnitude. A new study explores how the latter can be limited by socioeconomic factors, which can create biases in datasets that scientists use to characterize seismic hazards and coordinate emergency response.  

Image: Bakken Drill Rig
December 10, 2020

A new USGS study reports that shale-oil and -gas production from a major production area in Montana, North Dakota, and South Dakota has not caused widespread hydrocarbon contamination to date in nearby aquifer zones used for drinking-water supply.

USGS
September 29, 2020

A total of $135,000 will fund new research and preserve important data across the Show Me State

Photo of red dye in Missouri river
September 22, 2020

U.S. Geological Survey and partners will inject a harmless, bright red fluorescent dye into the Kansas River on September 29, weather permitting. The study is being done by the USGS in cooperation with the Kansas Water Office, Kansas Department of Health and Environment, The Nature Conservancy, City of Manhattan, City of Topeka, City of Olathe and WaterOne.

Filter Total Items: 191