Unified Interior Regions

Region 5: Missouri Basin

USGS Science Centers in the Missouri Basin Region

For more information on what each center is doing in the Missouri Basin, please follow the links below!

Wyoming - Montana Water Science Center

Northern Rocky Mountain Science Center

Kansas Water Science Center

Nebraska Water Science Center

Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center

Dakota Water Science Center

Regions L2 Landing Page Tabs

Filter Total Items: 313
Image: Stillwater Mine
Date Published: June 18, 2018
Status: Active

Critical Commodity Studies, Stillwater Complex, Montana

Scientific research can make our resource assessments of critical minerals more effective. This project focuses on the Stillwater Complex, Montana, which has rocks enriched in platinum-group elements (PGE), chromium, cobalt, and nickel. Project objectives are to update databases, evaluate new mapping techniques, document new styles of mineralization, and document and support research on the...

Glacier National Park
Date Published: June 18, 2018
Status: Active

Glaciers and Climate Project

Scientists with the Glaciers and Climate Project study many of the pertinent impacts that glaciers present to society, such as altering hydrologic cycles, contributing to sea-level rise, and creating environmental hazards. 

Grinnell Glacier Ridge 2016
Date Published: June 15, 2018
Status: Active

Grinnell Ridge, Gem & Salamander Glaciers 1910 - 2017

In 1910, Morton Elrod documented how Grinnell Glacier’s mass filled the basin and how the glacier was then joined with the ice apron we now call the Salamander (right). Close inspection of Gem Glacier (top-center) reveals a loss of thickness / volume over the past 107 years as well. 

Image Use

Most of the repeat photography images available on this website...

Contacts: Lisa McKeon
Illustration of land cover projection
Date Published: May 16, 2018
Status: Active

Land Cover Projections

Scientists at EROS look at local and global drivers of land-use change to project how different scenarios will impact and change landscapes. Using the FOREcasting SCEnarios of Land-use Change (FORE-SCE) modeling framework provides spatially explicit projections of future land-use and land-cover change. 

Contacts: Terry Sohl
color photo of Mobile Bay, Alabama topobathymetric map
Date Published: May 15, 2018
Status: Active

Coastal National Elevation Database (CoNED) Applications

The Coastal National Elevation Database (CoNED) and Applications project at EROS offers information used for a range of applications analysis needed for climate change analysis.      

MT StreamStats Screenshot of Interactive Map
Date Published: May 15, 2018
Status: Active

StreamStats in Montana and Wyoming

StreamStats is a Web-based geographic information system application that provides users with access to basin and streamflow characteristics for gaged and ungaged streams.

Screenshot of the Land Treatment Exploration Tool with proposed treatment drawn on screen.
Date Published: May 10, 2018
Status: Active

Land Treatment Exploration Tool

The Land Treatment ExplorationTool provides a practical resource for managers who are planning restoration and rehabilitation actions on public lands. The tool generates a variety of spatial products while being user friendly for all levels of GIS expertise, even to those with little or no experience.

Exposed tailings on Clark Fork floodplain near Galen, Montana
Date Published: May 9, 2018
Status: Active

Clark Fork Water-Quality Monitoring

The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) has collected water-quality samples from selected stream sites upstream from Missoula since 1985. Sampling was initiated in response to elevated trace-element concentrations and the designation of areas in the upper Clark Fork basin by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA) as National Priorities List...

Contacts: Gregory D Clark
Montana wetland
Date Published: May 6, 2018
Status: Active

Hydrologic Characterization of Potential Sites for Restored and Constructed Wetlands, Montana

Projects conducted by the Montana Department of Transportation (MDT) sometimes result in unavoidable impacts to wetlands and other aquatic habitats. To compensate for these impacts, MDT mitigates the loss of wetlands by providing replacement wetlands within the watershed.

An oil well on the Blackfeet Indian Reservation
Date Published: May 5, 2018
Status: Active

Establishment of a baseline groundwater monitoring program in an area identified for energy development on the Blackfeet Reservation, Montana

As a result of energy development, the Blackfeet Environmental Office has developed a groundwater monitoring program specifically focused on the Cut Bank Creek watershed of the Blackfeet Indian Reservation. The addition of groundwater data to an existing surface-water monitoring program will help the Blackfeet Tribe develop a more complete understanding of the current conditions of their water...

Photo of Bird Bands in a Variety of Sizes and Types
Date Published: May 1, 2018
Status: Active

Bird Banding Laboratory

The Bird Banding Laboratory (BBL) is an integrated scientific program established in 1920 supporting the collection, archiving, management and dissemination of information from banded and marked birds in North America.  This information is used to monitor the status and trends of resident and migratory bird populations. Because birds are good indicators of the health of the environment, the...

East Poplar oil well
Date Published: May 1, 2018
Status: Active

Delineation of Brine Contamination in and near the East Poplar Oil Field, Fort Peck Indian Reservation, Northeastern Montana

Brine is a byproduct of crude oil production. Handling and disposal of brine during the last 50 years in the East Poplar oil field has resulted in contamination of not only the shallow Quaternary aquifers, but also the Poplar River. Previous investigations have documented and partially delineated the extent of brine contamination in the East Poplar oil field during the early 1990s...

Contacts: Joanna Thamke
Filter Total Items: 97
Example NWIS graph of real-time water quality monitoring
June 22, 2017

At selected surface-water and groundwater sites, the USGS maintains instruments that continuously record physical and chemical characteristics of the water including pH, specific conductance, temperature, dissolved oxygen, and percent dissolved-oxygen saturation. Supporting data such as air temperature and barometric pressure are also available at some sites.

Example NWIS graph of real-time stream flow monitoring
June 22, 2017

Real-time, daily, peak-flow, field measurements, and statistics of current and historical data that describe stream levels, streamflow (discharge), reservoir and lake levels, surface-water quality, and rainfall in Wisconsin. Surface-water data are collected and stored as either discrete field-water-level measurements or as continuous time-series data from automated recorders.

Example NWIS Graph of real-time groundwater-level monitoring
June 21, 2017

Data from wells, springs, test holes, tunnels, drains, and excavations in North Dakota; well location data includes information such as latitude and longitude, well depth, and aquifer. Groundwater level data are collected and stored as either discrete field-water-level measurements or as continuous time-series data from automated recorders.

June 19, 2017

Advanced Hydrologic Prediction Service (AHPS) is a new and essential component of our Climate, Water, and Weather Services. AHPS is a web-based suite of accurate and information-rich forecast products. They display the magnitude and uncertainty of occurrence of floods or droughts, from hours to days and months, in advance.

Groundwater Watch - Below Normal Groundwater Levels
May 17, 2017

The U.S. Geological Survey has a database/archive of about 850,000 wells across the Nation. A well with below normal groundwater levels is identified when the most recent water-level measurement is in the 24th percentile or lower in the month of measurement over the period of record for the well.

>> Georgia  ||  North Carolina  ||  South Carolina
>> United States

This is an image taken in 2015 of Sperry Glacier in Glacier National Park.
May 15, 2017

Area of the Named Glaciers of Glacier National Park (GNP) and Flathead National Forest (FNF) including Little Ice Age extent, and years 1966, 1998, 2005 and 2015

These data represent a time series of the 37 named glaciers of Glacier National Park, MT, USA and two named glaciers in the Flathead National Forest.

Image of major river basins in Georgia, North and South Carolina
April 3, 2017

Realtime/Current Conditions:
   Streamflow: GA || NC || SC    Groundwater: GA || NC || SC   Water Quality: GA || NC || SC   Precipitation: GA || NC || SC
Daily mean data:
   Stage: GA || NC || SC   Streamflow: GA || NC || SC   Stage and streamflow: GA || NC || SC
Realtime Maps:
   NC Realtime

April 1, 2017

Mineral groups identified through automated analysis of remote sensing data acquired by the Advanced Spaceborne Thermal Emission and Reflection Radiometer (ASTER) were used to generate a map showing the type and spatial distribution of hydrothermal alteration, other exposed mineral groups, and green vegetation across the northwestern conterminous United States. Boolean algebra was used to

Screen shot of Nebraska Natural Resources District wells on Groundwater Watch
February 28, 2017

Groundwater well networks for Natural Resources Districts in Nebraska. Real-time, continuous, and periodic data are available.

Image: Little Missouri River at Medora
January 1, 2017

The data archive contains the aerial photographs and channel delineations used in our analysis. The images have been geo-referenced to the 1995 digital orthophoto quarter quadrangles as described by Miller and Friedman (2009). The separate images for each year can be viewed as a composite along with that year’s channel delineation using a geographic information system (GIS). The 2

January 1, 2017

Twenty-five ore and gangue mineral separates from the Miocene-age Goldfield and Tonopah epithermal Au-Ag deposits in southwestern Nevada were analyzed to determine the helium, neon, and argon (He, Ne, and Ar) isotopic compositions contained in fluid inclusions. Four mineral separates from the Butte Main Stage vein deposit and two from the Bingham pyrite-enargite vein deposits were als

Screen shot of Nebraska Real-Time Water Quality map
December 5, 2016

Real-time computed concentrations of water-quality constituents such as suspended sediment, total nitrogen, and total phosphorus are calculated using ordinary least squares regression models. The results of these models, along with direct water-quality measurements, can be viewed here as time-series graphs, or downloaded as tabular data.

Filter Total Items: 773
USGS scientists gathered around a computer at an LCMAP workshop
November 6, 2018

USGS EROS Scientists at LCMAP workshop

USGS Earth Resources Observation and Science (EROS) Center scientists Heather Tollerud, Terry Sohl, Jennifer Rover and Jon Dewitz use the LCMAP Timeseries Analysis and Plotting Tool (TAPTool) during a November 2018 workshop on Land Change Monitoring, Assessment, and Projection in Sioux Falls, SD. 

USGS EROS researchers participate in an LCMAP workshop
November 6, 2018

LCMAP workshop participants

USGS Earth Resources Observation and Science (EROS) Center contractors Suming Jin, Patrick Danielson and Kelcy Smith use the LCMAP Timeseries Analysis and Plotting Tool (TAPTool) during a November 2018 workshop in Sioux Falls, SD. 

Participant in LCMAP workshop looks at computer screen
November 6, 2018

LCMAP Workshop Computer

South Dakota State University Extension Office Senior Ag Research Technician Brad Richardson uses the LCMAP Timeseries Analysis and Plotting Tool (TAPTool) at the USGS Earth Resources Observation and Science (EROS) Center in Sioux Falls, SD. 

October 31, 2018

EROS in Action - CoNED with Dean Gesch and Jeff Danielson

USGS/EROS Physical Scientist Dean Gesch and USGS/EROS CoNED Applications Project Chief Jeff Danielson discuss the Coastal National Elevation Database (CoNED), its acquisition and its uses.

Village model
October 22, 2018

Water and Village model

USGS scientists showing students how water flows through a village using a model.

groundwater model
October 22, 2018

Presenting a groundwater model

USGS scientist teaching students about the water cycle using a groundwater model for demonstration.

Testing water
October 22, 2018

Testing water

USGS scientists showing students how they test water samples in the lab.

October 16, 2018

Image of the Week - Cottonwood Fire

October 16, 2018, marks the two-year anniversary of the Cottonwood Fire in western South Dakota. The fire consumed a large swath of grassland near the community of Wall and just north of Badlands National Park.

Thanks to low relative humidity, and high winds and temperatures, the fire spread quickly. It burned 41,360 acres by the time it was 100 percent contained

Staff Gage for Streamgage 06431500, Spearfish Creek at Spearfish, SD
October 2, 2018

Staff Gage for Streamgage 06431500, Spearfish Creek at Spearfish, SD

Staff gage for Spearfish Creek at Spearfish, SD (USGS streamgage 06431500). This site was established as a U.S. Geological Survey streamgage on October 9, 1946, and is operated in cooperation with South Dakota Department of Natural Resources. More information on this streamgage is available at 

Spearfish Creek at Spearfish, SD (USGS Streamgage 06431500)
October 2, 2018

Spearfish Creek at Spearfish, SD (USGS Streamgage 06431500)

Gage house for Spearfish Creek at Spearfish, SD (USGS streamgage 06431500). This site was established as a U.S. Geological Survey streamgage on October 9, 1946, and is operated in cooperation with South Dakota Department of Natural Resources. Streamgages are visited by a USGS hydrologic technician on 6-week intervals throughout the year. The October or early November visit

Map of study area
September 27, 2018

Map of study area that includes the states of ID, MT, OR, WA

Map of the study area that includes the states of Idaho, Montana, Oregon, and Washington. The Columbia and Snake rivers are the two largest rivers in the Columbia River Basin which is shown as a shaded area on the map.

September 26, 2018

EROS: EarthExplorer and GloVis - Register For An Account

USGS EROS | How To Search and Download Satellite Imagery The USGS Earth Resources Observation and Science (EROS) Center has created a series of videos to help users search for and download remotely sensed imagery. The first step in the process is to register for a free account so you can search and order data from EarthExplorer and GloVis websites. This video walks you

Filter Total Items: 277
USGS science for a changing world logo
November 19, 2015

Piping plovers, a federally threatened species of shorebirds, are likely losing wetland breeding habitat in the Great Plains as a result of wetland drainage, climate change or both, according to a new U.S. Geological Survey study.

Planned US Topo map production schedule for the next three- year revision cycle
November 19, 2015

With the release of new US Topo maps for Illinois and South Dakota, the USGS has completed the second, three-year cycle of revising and updating electronic US Topo quadrangles. This means that since late 2009, the USGS has published nearly every map in the conterminous U.S., twice.

A female grizzly with a cub.  Adult females are considered the most important segment of the grizzly population and consequently
October 30, 2015

BOZEMAN, Mont. – Genetic data show the grizzly bear population in the Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem has grown since the 1980s with no loss in genetic diversity, according to a report by the Interagency Grizzly Bear Study Team.

USGS science for a changing world logo
October 14, 2015

Many grassland bird species in the Bakken shale region, including some seriously declining populations, are displaced from their habitats as a result of oil and gas development, according to new U.S. Geological Survey research.

October 5, 2015

The City of Sioux Falls and the United States Geological Survey (USGS) are conducting a state-of-the-art groundwater survey this fall. Beginning this week, CGG Canada Services, who is under contract with the City, will begin flying a helicopter over the Big Sioux Aquifer to collect, record, and map its geophysical measurements.

October 1, 2015

One of Wichita’s primary water-supply sources is recovering because of a strategy to reduce the amount of water withdrawn, according to a new report about the Equus Beds aquifer released by the U.S. Geological Survey as part of a long-term, continuing cooperative partnership with the city of Wichita.

USGS scientists prepare to launch the Raven-A sUAS at the start of civil twilight. Credit: USGS Fort Collins Science Center
September 14, 2015

The term crepuscular describes events relating to, resembling, or occurring during twilight, meaning morning and evening hours. An animal described as crepuscular is active during twilight.

August 25, 2015

The U.S. Geological Survey and NASA will honor their 25-year science partnership and ongoing advancements in land remote sensing at a ceremony in Sioux Falls, South Dakota, on Thursday.

August 19, 2015

U.S. Congressman Kevin Cramer will join leaders from the U.S. Geological Survey and other state and local officials for a 50th anniversary ceremony at the USGS Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center (NPWRC) in Jamestown, North Dakota, this Friday. 

Image: Pallid Sturgeon
July 30, 2015

Three tiny fish larvae that were captured by U.S. Geological Survey scientists in May 2014 have just been confirmed to be pallid sturgeon. These new genetic identifications add to mounting evidence that critically endangered pallid sturgeon spawned successfully in the Lower Missouri River downstream of Gavins Point Dam, South Dakota.

July 27, 2015

New wind energy facilities placed in prime wildlife habitat in North and South Dakota can influence the distribution of several species of grassland birds for years after construction, including species whose populations are in serious decline.

Filter Total Items: 191