Unified Interior Regions

Region 6: Arkansas-Rio Grande-Texas-Gulf

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We conduct impartial, multi- and interdisciplinary research and monitoring to address a broad range of scienctific issues that affect the Arkansas-Rio Grande-Texas-Gulf Region.

News

Date published: August 28, 2020

Hurricane Laura Temporarily Reverses Neches River

As Hurricane Laura came ashore near the Texas and Louisiana borders, its strong winds pushed so much water ahead of it that the Neches River even flowed backwards for a time, according to a USGS streamgage in Beaumont.

Date published: August 26, 2020

Track Potential Flooding from Laura with USGS Flood Event Viewer

To learn more about USGS’s role in providing science to decision makers before, during and after Hurricane Laura, visit www.usgs.gov/laura

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Date published: September 23, 2019
Status: Active

Urban Waters Federal Partnership - Edwards Aquifer Recharge in a Developing Landscape

San Antonio Texas consistently ranks as one of the fastest growing large cities in the United States. Urban development can affect groundwater quality as trees and open space are replaced by buildings and roads, increasing the amount of urban runoff draining directly into the Edwards aquifer. A network of sophisticated surface water and groundwater monitoring sites is being used to help...

Date published: September 4, 2019
Status: Active

Real-Time Storm Response

Coastal change forecasts and pre- and post-storm photos documenting coastal change for landfalling storms. Currently responding to Hurricane Dorian.

Contacts: Kara Doran
Date published: July 8, 2019
Status: Active

Concealed Rare Earth Element (REE) Terranes in the Southern Basin and Range Geologic Province

The project is developing an understanding of the types, sizes, and spatial distribution of rare earth element (REE) related deposits in the southern Basin and Range geologic province to help ensure the availability of rare earth elements to the U.S.

Contacts: Mark Bultman
Date published: March 26, 2019
Status: Active

Identification of Hydrologic Controls on Coastal Spartina patens Marshes and Optimal Hydrological Conditions for Sustainable Mottled Duck Habitat

Mottled ducks rely on the coastal marshes of the Texas Chenier Plain, which are considered among the most critically endangered habitats in the United States. USGS scientists are evaluating what might be contributing to the degradation of high-quality mottled duck habitat to better understand the causes of habitat loss and subsequently mitigate those losses.

Date published: March 26, 2019
Status: Active

Defining Native Ranges of U.S. Inland Fishes

Understanding the native versus non-native range of a species can provide useful information about dispersal, population distribution patterns, and human mediated movement across hydrologic barriers. The USGS Nonindigenous Aquatic Species (NAS) Program is working with partners to define native ranges of inland fishes in the United States to help identify which species should be included in the...

Date published: March 5, 2019
Status: Active

The Nonindigenous Aquatic Species Flood and Storm Tracker (FaST)

Storm-related flooding can lead to the potential spread of nonindigenous (or non-native) aquatic species into waterways they have not been seen in before. The USGS Nonindigenous Aquatic Species program has developed an innovative mapping tool to help natural resource managers with post-storm nonindigenous aquatic species detection and assessment efforts. 

Date published: March 4, 2019
Status: Active

Natural Resource Damage and Assessment (NRDA) Program Monitoring and Adaptive Management

State and Federal agencies are working together to assess the damage caused by the Deepwater Horizon oil spill and to determine appropriate restoration actions to restore natural resources, ecological services, and recreational services injured or lost due to the incident. 

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Date published: December 18, 2019

Texas Water Dashboard

The Texas Water Dashboard presents USGS real-time stream, lake and reservoir, precipitation and groundwater data for more than 850 USGS real-time observation stations in Texas.

Date published: September 26, 2019

Data for assessing the susceptibility of groundwater used for drinking water supply from selected principal aquifers of the Western United States, 2004-2018

Groundwater age distribution and susceptibility to natural and anthropogenic contaminants were assessed for selected principal aquifers of the Western United States: the Central Valley aquifer system (CVAL), the Basin and Range basin-fill aquifers (BNRF), the Rio Grande aquifer system (RIOG), the High Plains aquifer (HPAQ), the Columbia Plateau basaltic-rock aquifers (

Date published: July 12, 2019

Crustal Architecture Beneath the Southern Midcontinent (USA) -- Data Grids and 3D Geophysical Models

Regional grid files and 3D voxel models were used to study crustal architecture beneath the Southern Midcontinent (USA) by McCafferty and others (2019). The study covered a rectangular, multi-state area of 924 by 924 kilometers centered on Missouri, and a corresponding volume extending from the topographic surface to a depth of 50 kilometers below sea level. The grid files consist of

Date published: March 14, 2019

USGS National and Global Oil and Gas Assessment Project - Permian Basin Province, Midland Basin, Wolfcamp Shale Assessment Unit Boundaries and Assessment Input Data Forms, Version 2.0

The Assessment Unit is the fundamental unit used in the National Assessment Project for the assessment of undiscovered oil and gas resources. The Assessment Unit is defined within the context of the higher-level Total Petroleum System. The Assessment Unit is shown herein as a geographic boundary interpreted, defined, and mapped by the geologist responsible for the province and incorporates...

Date published: December 6, 2018

Downloadable Data for Southern Oklahoma Oil and Gas Assessments

GIS Data for Southern Oklahoma Oil and Gas Assessments

Date published: December 6, 2018

Downloadable Data for Marathon Thrust Belt Oil and Gas Assessments

GIS Data for Marathon Thrust Belt Oil and Gas Assessments 

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GRDA bathymetry
September 22, 2017

View topographic and bathymetric contour data and query water depths for the Neosho River, Spring River and Elk River, in northeastern Oklahoma.

Funding partners: Grand River Dam Authority

OK earthquake map
August 2, 2017

Information on the latest earthquakes in Oklahoma.

Miami Inundation Pilot Viewer
January 1, 2017

View topographic and bathymetric contour data and simulate Neosho River inundation areas for selected (and real-time) water-surface elevations at Grand Lake and the Neosho River streamgage near Commerce

Funding partners: U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Grand River Dam Authority, and Oklahoma Department of Wildlife 

Shawnee Reservoir Data Viewer
January 1, 2017

View topographic and bathymetric contour data and simulate Shawnee (Twin Lakes) Reservoir inundation areas for selected (and real-time) water-surface elevations.

Funding partners: City of Shawnee

Hurricane Louisiana Coast
September 14, 2016

June 1 marks the beginning of hurricane season. Should storms arrive on the Louisiana coast, the people in coastal communities across the State, along with many Federal, State, and local agencies will need to know how the storms are affecting the coastal and low-lying areas.The USGS maintains an extensive network of coastal gages that provides critical time-sensitive water level.

Digital Elevation Model in the Atchafalaya Basin, LA
April 19, 2016

The 3DEP products and services available through The National Map consist of standard digital elevation models (DEMs) at various horizontal resolutions, elevation source and associated datasets, an elevation point query service and bulk point query service. All 3DEP products are available, free of charge and without use restrictions.

Grand Lake Image
March 3, 2016

Grand Lake Data Viewer - View topographic and bathymetric contour data and simulate Grand Lake inundation areas for selected water-surface elevations.

Funding partners: U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Grand River Dam Authority, and Oklahoma Department of Wildlife Conservation

 

dbflood-image
September 1, 2015

Flood Database for Oklahoma - Obtain records of historical flood depth and discharge measurements as well as flood-related news clippings.

Funding partners: Oklahoma Department of Transportation

StreamStats in Oklahoma
January 1, 2015

Delineate custom drainage basins, compute basin characteristics, and estimate streamflow statistics.

Funding partners: Oklahoma Department of Transportation and Oklahoma Water Resources Board

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Year Published: 2020

Potentiometric surfaces, 2011–12, and water-level differences between 1995 and 2011–12, in wells of the “200-foot,” “500-foot,” and “700-foot” sands of the Lake Charles area, southwestern Louisiana

Water levels were determined in 90 wells to prepare 2011–12 potentiometric surfaces focusing primarily on the “200-foot,” 500-foot,” and “700-foot” sands of the Lake Charles area, which are part of the Chicot aquifer system underlying Calcasieu and Cameron Parishes of southwestern Louisiana. These three aquifers provided 34 percent of the total...

White, Vincent E.; Griffith, Jason M.
White, V.E., and Griffith, J.M., 2020, Potentiometric surfaces, 2011–12, and water-level differences between 1995 and 2011–12, in wells of the “200-foot,” “500-foot,” and “700-foot” sands of the Lake Charles area, southwestern Louisiana: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Map 3460, 4 sheets, 11-p. pamphlet, http://dx.doi.org/10.3133/sim3460.

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Year Published: 2020

Geologic framework and hydrostratigraphy of the Edwards and Trinity aquifers within northern Medina County, Texas

The karstic Edwards and Trinity aquifers are classified as major sources of water in south-central Texas by the Texas Water Development Board. During 2018–20 the U.S. Geological Survey, in cooperation with the Edwards Aquifer Authority, mapped and described the geologic framework and hydrostratigraphy of the rocks composing the Edwards and Trinity...

Clark, Allan K.; Morris, Robert E.; Pedraza, Diana E.
Clark, A.K., Morris, R.E., and Pedraza, D.E., 2020, Geologic framework and hydrostratigraphy of the Edwards and Trinity aquifers within northern Medina County, Texas: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Map 3461, 13 p. pamphlet, 1 pl., scale 1:24,000, https://doi.org/10.3133/sim3461.

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Year Published: 2020

Compounds of emerging concern detected in water samples from potable water and wastewater treatment plants and detected in water and bed-sediment samples from sites on the Trinity River, Dallas, Texas, 2009–13

The population in the Dallas-Fort Worth metropolitan area in northern Texas is rapidly growing, resulting in a rapid increase in the demand for potable water and an increase in the discharge of wastewater treatment plant effluent. An assessment of compounds of emerging concern (CECs) in samples collected at potable water and wastewater treatment...

Churchill, Christopher J.; Baldys III, Stanley; Gunn, Cathina L.; Mobley, Craig A.; Quigley, Daniel P.
Churchill, C.J., Baldys, S., III, Gunn, C.L., Mobley, C.A., and Quigley, D.P., 2020, Compounds of emerging concern detected in water samples from potable water and wastewater treatment plants and detected in water and bed-sediment samples from sites on the Trinity River, Dallas, Texas, 2009–13: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2019–5019, 57 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/sir20195019.

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Year Published: 2020

Effects of urbanization on water quality in the Edwards aquifer, San Antonio and Bexar County, Texas

OverviewContinuous water-quality monitoring data and chemical analysis of surface-water and groundwater samples collected during 2017–19 in the recharge zone of the Edwards aquifer were used to develop a better understanding of the surface-water/groundwater connection in and around Bexar County in south-central Texas. This fact sheet is provided...

Opsahl, Stephen P.; Musgrove, MaryLynn; Mecum, Keith E.
Opsahl, S.P., Musgrove, M., and Mecum, K.E., 2020, Effects of urbanization on water quality in the Edwards aquifer, San Antonio and Bexar County, Texas: U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet 2020–3028, 4 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/fs20203028.

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Year Published: 2020

Temporal and spatial variability of water quality in the San Antonio segment of the Edwards aquifer recharge zone, Texas, with an emphasis on periods of groundwater recharge, September 2017–July 2019

Ongoing urbanization on the Edwards aquifer recharge zone in the greater San Antonio area raises concern about the potential adverse effects on the public water supply from development. To address this concern, the U.S. Geological Survey, in cooperation with the City of San Antonio, studied patterns of temporal and spatial changes in water quality...

Opsahl, Stephen P.; Musgrove, MaryLynn; Mecum, Keith E.
Opsahl, S.P., Musgrove, M., and Mecum, K.E., 2020, Temporal and spatial variability of water quality in the San Antonio segment of the Edwards aquifer recharge zone, Texas, with an emphasis on periods of groundwater recharge, September 2017–July 2019: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2020–5033, 37 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/sir20205033.

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Year Published: 2020

Status of groundwater-level altitudes and long-term groundwater-level changes in the Chicot, Evangeline, and Jasper aquifers, Houston-Galveston region, Texas, 2020

Since the early 1900s, most of the groundwater withdrawals in the Houston-Galveston region, Texas, have been from the three primary aquifers that compose the Gulf Coast aquifer system—the Chicot, Evangeline, and Jasper aquifers. Withdrawals from these aquifers are used for municipal supply, commercial and industrial use, and irrigation. This...

Braun, Christopher L.; Ramage, Jason K.
Braun, C.L., and Ramage, J.K., 2020, Status of groundwater-level altitudes and long-term groundwater-level changes in the Chicot, Evangeline, and Jasper aquifers, Houston-Galveston region, Texas, 2020: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2020–5089, 18 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/sir20205089.

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Year Published: 2020

Characterization of peak streamflow and stages at selected streamgages in eastern and northeastern Oklahoma from the May to June 2019 flood event—With an emphasis on flood peaks downstream from dams and on tributaries to the Arkansas River

As much as 22 inches of rain fell in Oklahoma in May 2019, resulting in historic flooding along the Arkansas River and its tributaries in eastern and northeastern Oklahoma. The flooding along the Arkansas River and its tributaries that began in May continued into June 2019. Peaks of record were measured at nine U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) and U....

Lewis, Jason M.; Williams, David J.; Harris, Sarah J.; Trevisan, Adam R.
Lewis, J.M., Williams, D.J., Harris, S.J., and Trevisan, A.R., 2020, Characterization of peak streamflow and stages at selected streamgages in eastern and northeastern Oklahoma from the May to June 2019 flood event—With an emphasis on flood peaks downstream from dams and on tributaries to the Arkansas River: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2020–1090, 18 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/ofr20201090.

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Year Published: 2020

Geochemical assessment of the Hueco Bolson, New Mexico and Texas, 2016–17

Understanding groundwater quality in transboundary aquifers like the Hueco Bolson is important for the 2.7 million people along the United States and Mexico border living in and near the combined metropolitan areas of Ciudad Juárez, Mexico, and El Paso, Texas, who rely on groundwater for water supply. To better understand water-quality conditions...

Ging, Patricia B.; Humberson, Delbert G.; Ikard, Scott J.
Ging, P.B., Humberson, D.G., and Ikard, S.J., 2020, Geochemical assessment of the Hueco Bolson, New Mexico and Texas, 2016–17: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2020–5056, 30 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/sir20205056.

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Year Published: 2020

InFRM Flood Decision Support Toolbox user guide

Digital geospatial flood inundation mapping can be a powerful tool for flood risk management. Flood preparedness, communication, warning, response and mitigation can be enhanced by flood inundation mapping that shows floodwater extent and depth over the land surface. Flood inundation maps that accurately reflect observed and forecasted...

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Year Published: 2020

Effects of huisache removal on rangeland evapotranspiration in Victoria County, south-central Texas, 2015–18

The U.S. Geological Survey and Desert Research Institute, in cooperation with the Natural Resources Conservation Service, Texas State Soil and Water Conservation Board, Victoria County Groundwater Conservation District, Victoria Soil and Water Conservation District, and the San Antonio River Authority, evaluated the hydrologic effects of Vachellia...

Slattery, Richard N.; Ockerman, Darwin J.; Bromley, Matthew; Huntington, Justin; Banta, John R.
Slattery, R.N., Ockerman, D.J., Bromley, M., Huntington, J., and Banta, J.R., 2020, Effects of huisache removal on rangeland evapotranspiration in Victoria County, south-central Texas, 2015–18: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2020–5008, 27 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/sir20205008.

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Year Published: 2020

Hydrogeologic units, contour maps, and cross sections of the Boone and Roubidoux aquifers, northeastern Oklahoma, 2020

The Boone and Roubidoux aquifers (or their equivalents) are the main sources of fresh groundwater in northeastern Oklahoma. Projected total water demand of both surface water and groundwater in northeastern Oklahoma is expected to increase approximately 56 percent from 2010 to 2060. This report provides an overview of the hydrogeology of...

Russell, Cory A.; Stivers, Jacob W.
Russell, C.A., and Stivers, J.W., 2020, Hydrogeologic units, contour maps, and cross sections of the Boone and Roubidoux aquifers, northeastern Oklahoma, 2020: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Map 3452, 2 sheets, http://dx.doi.org/10.3133/sim3452.

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Year Published: 2020

Landfill leachate contributes per-/poly-fluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) and pharmaceuticals to municipal wastewater

Widespread disposal of landfill leachate to municipal sewer infrastructure in the United States calls for an improved understanding of the relative organic-chemical contributions to the wastewater treatment plant (WWTP) waste stream and associated surface-water discharge to receptors in the environment. Landfill leachate, WWTP influent, and WWTP...

Masoner, Jason R.; Kolpin, Dana W.; Cozzarelli, Isabelle M.; Smalling, Kelly L.; Bolyard, Stephanie; Field, Jennifer; Furlong, Edward T.; Gray, James L.; Lozinski, Duncan; Reinhart, Debra; Rodowa, Alix; Bradley, Paul M.

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Oil, gas, and water separation vessels at a carbon dioxide enhanced oil recovery operation
December 10, 2019

Oil, gas, and water separation vessels

Oil, gas, and water separation vessels at a carbon dioxide enhanced oil recovery operation, Horseshoe Atoll, Upper Pennsylvanian Wolfcampian play in the Permian Basin Province in Texas.

August 12, 2019

Surveying Contracted-Opening Indirect Measurements

This video goes into detail about surveying high-water marks, various aspects of bridges, and cross sections for the contracted-opening method. 
 

August 2, 2019

Requirements for the Contracted-Opening Method

This video discusses the general requirements that will be needed to accomplish a contracted-opening indirect discharge measurement. Approach section, contracted section, and necessary high-water mark locations are described along with scenarios where the method will not be successful. 
 

July 25, 2019

Climate Projections as a Way to Illustrate Future Possibilities

This video is a recording of the webinar “Climate Projections as a Way to Illustrate Future Possibilities" that is part of the USGS National Climate Adaptation Science Center (NCASC), in partnership with the National Conservation Training Center (NCTC), 2019 webinar series. Previous recordings can be found at https

December 12, 2018

Image of the Week - Lake Meredith’s Return

Lake Meredith National Recreation Area takes its name from the water body it surrounds in the Texas Panhandle. The Amarillo-area lake sees more than a million visitors a year.

Visitor numbers were much smaller just a few years ago. More than a decade of drought shrank water levels at Lake Meredith until a rush of rain in 2017 brought a turnaround.

Each week,

USGS scientist Scott Grzyb reviews high-water data on the Llano River in response a flash flood on October 8.
October 8, 2018

Collecting flood data on the Llano River in response to a flash flood

USGS scientist Scott Grzyb reviews high-water data collected by boat on the Llano River in Llano, Texas in response to a flash flood on October 8, 2018.

USGS scientists pause at sunset at the end of a long day collecting high-water measurements on the Llano River.
October 8, 2018

End of a long day collecting flood data on the Llano River

USGS scientists Scrott Grzyb and Michael Scheider pause at sunset at the end of a long day collecting high-water measurements along the Llano River on October 8, 2018.

September 20, 2018

Habitat Connectivity: Assessing Threats and IDing Conservation Actions

An important conservation strategy for climate change is to enhance and maintain regional habitat connectivity for the long-term viability of wildlife populations. Modeling habitat connectivity for wildlife species often results in a mapped network of linkages between habitat patches. A critical next step is to determine which of those linkages are priorities for

June 26, 2018

Waterfowl Seeking Submerged Aquatic Vegetation

Waterfowl populations in the northern Gulf of Mexico (NGOM) rely extensively on plants that grow under the surface in shallow waters, know as submerged aquatic vegetation (SAV), as a critical food resource in the winter season. SAV roots, shoots, and seeds provide high carbohydrate wildlife food that sustains valuable waterfowl species, including the American Wigeon,

An image of USGS research drilling rig on side of U.S. Route 90 in Kinney County, Texas.  The sky is streaked with clouds.
May 8, 2018

Going for the Eagle Ford Shale Formation, Kinney County, Texas

One charge of the U.S. Geological Survey’s Energy Resources Science Center is performing description
and analysis of hydrocarbon source rocks as input to USGS oil and gas assessments. This 2018 image
shows a coring and geophysical well-logging operation adjacent to U.S. Route 90, Kinney County, Texas.
The borehole yielded a 500’ rock core containing Austin

...
Vista of Buda, Eagle Ford, and Austin Formations, Terrell County, Texas (March 10, 2015)
May 8, 2018

Vista of Buda, Eagle Ford, and Austin Formations, Terrell County

One charge of the U.S. Geological Survey’s Energy Resources Science Center is conducting field work to
better understand the distribution of hydrocarbon source rocks as input to USGS oil and gas
assessments. This 2015 image is a view to the south-southeast of rocks exposed along an unnamed
draw near Antonio Creek, Terrell County, Texas. The Buda Limestone is

...
Rafters on the Illinois River
May 7, 2018

Illinois River Floatcam

Rafters enjoy the floating down the Illinois River in northeast Okalahoma.

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Image shows an aerial view of an oxbend in the Neches River in Big Thicket National Preserve
August 28, 2020

As Hurricane Laura came ashore near the Texas and Louisiana borders, its strong winds pushed so much water ahead of it that the Neches River even flowed backwards for a time, according to a USGS streamgage in Beaumont.

A USGS field team measures spring floodwaters at Chesapeake bay's largest tributary.
May 12, 2020

U.S. Geological Survey field crews are measuring flooding across the country as spring weather is in full swing. Warming temperatures, increased precipitation and snowmelt have caused moderate to major flooding in the upper Midwest, East Coast, Central Plains and the Southeast portions of the country.

March 26 West Texas Earthquake Map
March 26, 2020

On March 26, 2020, a  magnitude 5.0 earthquake struck West Texas near the New Mexico border. Seismic instruments indicate the earthquake originated at a depth of 5.3 miles (8.5 kilometers). 

USGS Flood Inundation Mapper with water depth of 38 feet
August 26, 2019

New tools for flood preparedness are now available for the Medina River near Bandera, Texas, from the U.S. Geological Survey, the Bandera County River Authority and Groundwater District, and the Texas Water Development Board.

USGS scientist Jon Thomas collecting time-domain electromagnetic sounding in the Texas southern high plains
March 22, 2019

An interactive viewer to visualize groundwater resources in Gaines, Terry and Yoakum Counties, Texas, is now available from the U.S. Geological Survey in cooperation with the Llano Estacado Underground Water Conservation District, Sandy Land Underground Water Conservation District and South Plains Underground Water Conservation District. 

Image shows a map of the assessment units of the 2018 Delaware Basin oil and gas assessment
November 28, 2018

Estimates Include 46.3 Billion Barrels of Oil, 281 Trillion Cubic feet of Natural Gas, and 20 Billion Barrels of Natural Gas Liquids in Texas and New Mexico’s Wolfcamp Shale and Bone Spring Formation.

USGS scientist Scott Grzyb reviews high-water data on the Llano River in response a flash flood on October 8.
October 16, 2018

Reporters: Do you want to accompany a USGS field crew as they measure flooding? Please contact Jennifer LaVista or Lynne Fahlquist.

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