Unified Interior Regions

Region 9: Columbia-Pacific Northwest

Regions L2 Landing Page Tabs

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Broken Top volcano, inactive since 150 ka or longer, viewed to the ...

Broken Top volcano, inactive since 150 ka or longer, viewed to NW. ...

Radially dipping strata of the cone include subequal proportions of lava flows and flow breccias and of proximal agglutinate and scoria falls, nearly all having 54 to 56 percent SiO2. Numerous mafic dikes and sills intrude the cone, and an apron of compositionally similar mafic lavas extends far outward from the cone. Skyline crags behind buttress at right are top of a

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Mount St. Helens prior to the catastrophic eruption of May 18, 1980...

Mount St. Helens prior to catastrophic eruption of May 18, 1980. St...

Mount St. Helens prior to the catastrophic eruption of May 18, 1980. Streams and lava flows also visible. View is looking southerly from oblique aerial view. Mount Hood in distance.

Topographic map, Mount St. Helens, C.E. 1919 annotated with locatio...

Topographic map, Mount St. Helens, C.E. 1919 annotated with locatio...

Due to the cataclysmic eruption of May 18, 1980, many of the locations annotated on this map are now either covered or no longer visible.

Topographic map, Mount St. Helens, C.E. 1919 annotated with locatio...

Topographic map, Mount St. Helens, C.E. 1919 annotated with locatio...

Due to the cataclysmic eruption of May 18, 1980, many of the locations annotated on this map are now either covered or no longer visible.

Mount St. Helens before the May 18, 1980 eruption. View from the no...

Mount St. Helens before May 18, 1980 eruption

Before the devastating May 18, 1980 eruption, Mount St. Helens was considered to be one of the most beautiful and most frequently-climbed peaks in the Cascade Range. Spirit Lake was a vacation area offering hiking, camping, boating, and fishing.