Groundwater and Streamflow Information Program

Prior Budget Justifications

A summary of the budget process for the Groundwater and Streamflow Information Program (GWSIP) is provided below for the three most recent fiscal years. To supplement each summary, a more detailed reference document for the Water Resources Mission Area (WMA) showing the reports released with each congressional mark, links to the USGS and WMA President’s Budget Request, and associated details is also provided.

 

Fiscal Year 2019

Final Enacted Bill

On February 15, 2019, the Consolidated Appropriations Act, 2019 (Public Law 116-6) was enacted. The bill funded the WMA at $226.3 million, including $82.7 million for the GWSIP.  Within this amount, the bill included $120,000 for the Unuk River streamgage in Alaska, a $1.5 million increase for transboundary streamgages, and a $7.0 million increase to deploy and operate next-generation water observing system equipment. In addition, the bill explicitly directed the USGS to continue funding for the National Groundwater Monitoring Network at 2018 levels.

A table summarizing the 2018 Enacted, 2019 President’s Budget Request, and 2019 changes proposed in House and Senate Marks, then enacted in the final bill, is provided below.

  2017 2018 2019
Mission Area / Program / Activity
(dollars in thousands)
Enacted
[Base Funding]
Enacted
[Base Funding]
President's Budget
(PB) Request
Budget Changes from
2018 Enacted
Proposed House Mark Changes from 2018 Enacted Proposed Senate Mark Changes from 2018 Enacted Enacted Changes from 2018 Enacted
Water Resources: Groundwater and Streamflow Information Program
– Fixed Costs, Administrative Savings, and Other Adjustments [0] [0] [-943] -943 0 0 0
– National Groundwater Monitoring Network [3,929] [3,929] [257] -3,672 0 0 0
– High Plains Aquifer Compilation [80] [80] [0] -80 0 0 0
– Federal Priority Streamgage Network [24,675] [24,715] [24,675] -40 0 +1,000 0
– U.S.-Canada Transboundary Streamgages (Unuk Rivers) [160] [120] [0] -120 0 0 0
– U.S.-Canada Transboundary Streamgages (Other Rivers) [0] [0] [0] 0 0 +1,500 +1,500
– Streamgages - Capital Costs [0] [1,500] [0] -1,500 +12,500 0 +7,000
– Water Tools [363] [363] [0] -363 0 0 0
– Research and Development to Advance Water Science (formerly National Research Program) [2,467] [2,467] [927] -1,540 0 0 0
Cooperative Matching Funds (CMF) [30,299] [30,299] [29,299] -1,000 0 0 0
– Tribes - Indian Water Rights Settlements (CMF) [1,000] [1,000] [0] -1,000 0 0 0
Total Groundwater and Streamflow Information Program 72,673 74,173 69,915 -12,758 +12,500  +2,500 +8,500
Total Water Resources (includes all Water Resources programs) 214,754 217,554 179,922 -46,386 +13,569 +2,500 +8,754
USGS TOTAL (includes all USGS programs) 1,085,167 1,148,457 983,467 -177,129 +24,633 0 +12,139

Table showing the President’s Budget Request for the 2020 appropriations process. House and Senate Marks, as well as the Enacted, will be added when each are passed.

For more information on the entire 2019 budget process for the WMA, please use this reference document.

 

Fiscal Year 2018

Final Enacted Bill

On March 23, 2018, the Consolidated Appropriations Act, 2018 (Public Law 115-141) was enacted. The bill funded the WMA at $217.6 million, including $74.2 million for the GWSIP. Within this amount, the bill included $120,000 for the Unuk River streamgage in Alaska and a $1.5 million increase for streamgages. In addition, the bill explicitly directed the USGS to continue funding for the National Groundwater Monitoring Network at 2017 levels.

A table summarizing the 2017 Enacted, the 2018 President’s Budget Request, and the 2018 changes proposed in House and Senate Marks, then enacted in the final bill, is provided below.

  2017 2018
Mission Area / Program / Activity
(dollars in thousands)
Enacted
[Base Funding]
President's Budget
(PB) Request
Budget Changes from
2017 Enacted
Proposed House Mark Changes from 2017 Enacted Proposed Senate Mark Changes from 2017 Enacted Enacted Changes from 2017 Enacted
Water Resources: Groundwater and Streamflow Information Program
– Fixed Costs, Program Operations, and Other Adjustments [0] (136) -136 0 -878 0
- Natural Hazard Science for Disaster Response: Expand Use of Streamgages (Flood Inundation Mapping and RGDs) [3,260] 2,560 -700 +500 0 0
– National Groundwater Monitoring Network [3,929] 1,729 -2,200 0 0 0
– Federal Priority Streamgage Network [24,675] 24,675 0 0 +40 +40
– U.S.-Canada Transboundary Streamgages (Unuk River) [160] 0 -160 0 -40 -40
– Streamgages - Capital Costs [0] 0 0 0 0 +1,500
– HQ Technical Support [0] 722 +722 0 0 0
– Research and Development to Advance Water Science (formerly National Research Program) [2,467] 927 -1,540 0 0 0
Cooperative Matching Funds (CMF) [30,299] 29,799 -500 0 0 0
– Tribes - Indian Water Rights Settlements (CMF) [1,000] 500 -500 0 0 0
Total Groundwater and Streamflow Information Program 72,673 68,159 -4,514 +500 -878 +1,500
Total Water Resources (includes all Water Resources programs) 214,754 173,042 -41,712 -4,000 -1,565 +2,800
USGS TOTAL (includes all USGS programs) 1,085,167 922,168 -162,999 -46,245 0 +63,290

Table showing the President’s Budget Request for the 2020 appropriations process. House and Senate Marks, as well as the Enacted, will be added when each are passed.

For more information on the entire 2018 budget process for the WMA, please use this reference document.

 

Fiscal Year 2017

Final Enacted Bill

On May 5, 2017, the Consolidated Appropriations Act, 2017 (Public Law 115-31) was enacted. The bill funded the WMA at $214.8 million, including $72.7 million for the GWSIP. Within this amount, the bill included an additional $160,000 to reestablish a streamgage on the Unuk River in Alaska, $500,000 for the National Groundwater Monitoring Network, and $700,000 for expanded use of streamgages for disaster response. In addition, the bill provided an increase of $500,000 in Cooperative Matching Funds to support the Tribal cooperative work.

A table summarizing the 2016 Enacted, the 2017 President’s Budget Request, and the 2017 changes proposed in House and Senate Marks, then enacted in the final bill, is provided below.

  2016 2017
Mission Area / Program / Activity
(dollars in thousands)
Enacted
[Base Funding]
President's Budget
(PB) Request
Budget Changes from
2016 Enacted
Proposed House Mark Changes from 2016 Enacted Proposed Senate Mark Changes from 2016 Enacted Enacted Changes from 2016 Enacted
Water Resources: Groundwater and Streamflow Information Program
– Fixed Costs, Program Operations, and Other Adjustments [0] 222 +222 0 0 -722
- Natural Hazard Science for Disaster Response: Expand Use of Streamgages (Flood Inundation Mapping and RGDs) [2,560] 3,260 +700 +717 +700 +700
– National Groundwater Monitoring Network [3,429] 3,429 0 0 +500 +500
– Federal Priority Streamgage Network [24,675] 24,675 0 0 0 0
– U.S.-Canada Transboundary Streamgages (Unuk River) [0] 0 0 0 +300 +160
Cooperative Matching Funds (CMF) [29,799] 30,299 +500 +705 0 +500
– Tribes - Indian Water Rights Settlements (CMF) [500] 1,000 +500 +705 0 +500
Total Groundwater and Streamflow Information Program 71,535 72,957 +1,422 +1,422 +1,500 +1,138
Total Water Resources (includes all Water Resources programs) 210,687 227,992 +17,305 +5,373 +500 +4,067
USGS TOTAL (includes all USGS programs) 1,062,000 1,168,803 +106,803 +18,006 +6,135 +23,167

Table showing the President’s Budget Request for the 2020 appropriations process. House and Senate Marks, as well as the Enacted, will be added when each are passed.

For more information on the entire 2017 budget process for the WMA, please use this reference document.

 

 

Funding History

Below, a five-year funding history has been provided for the major GWSIP activities:

For more information on these GWSIP activities, please use the links provided above.

GWSIP Funding (dollars in millions) 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
TOTAL GWSIP Funding 67.9 71.5 72.7 74.2 82.7
USGS Streamgaging Network - Federal Priority Streamgages Base Funds 24.2 24.7 24.7 24.7 24.7
USGS Streamgaging Network - Cooperative Matching Funds (CMF) 27.0 26.4 29.8 29.8 29.8
Next-Generation Water Observing System 0.0 0.0 0.0 1.5 8.5
U.S.-Canada Transboundary Streamgages (Unuk and Other Rivers) 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.1 1.6
National Groundwater Monitoring Network (NGWMN) 2.6 3.4 3.9 3.9 3.9
Other GWSIP Activities 15.9 17.0 14.2 14.2 14.2