Effects on air transportation of natural hazards such as volcanic activity (ash plumes and volcanic clouds).
Airborne Volcanic Ash - A Global Threat to Aviation [ More info] Explains the problem, describes procedures used to cope with it, ways of monitoring and detecting hazardous conditions, and warning systems currently available to help mitigate the dangers.
Danger to aircraft from volcanic eruption clouds [ More info] Explanation of problems encountered by aircraft due to volcanic emissions.
Encounters of aircraft with volcanic ash clouds; A compilation of known incidents, 1953-2009 [ More info] Of 129 reported incidents, 94 are confirmed ash encounters, 79 of which entailed airframe or engine damage; 20 are low-severity events involving suspected ash or gas clouds; for 15 the data are insufficient to assess severity.
Kilauea--an Explosive Volcano in Hawaii [ More info] Explains how explosive eruptions occur here, shows the history of its eruptions, and describes the effects and hazards that accompany them.
Alphabetical Index of Topics
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