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Aviation safety
Effects on air transportation of natural hazards such as volcanic activity (ash plumes and volcanic clouds).
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Results 1 - 5 of 5 listed by similarity [list alphabetically]
PDF Airborne Volcanic Ash - A Global Threat to Aviation [More info]
Explains the problem, describes procedures used to cope with it, ways of monitoring and detecting hazardous conditions, and warning systems currently available to help mitigate the dangers.
Danger to aircraft from volcanic eruption clouds [More info]
Explanation of problems encountered by aircraft due to volcanic emissions.
Encounters of aircraft with volcanic ash clouds; A compilation of known incidents, 1953-2009 [More info]
Of 129 reported incidents, 94 are confirmed ash encounters, 79 of which entailed airframe or engine damage; 20 are low-severity events involving suspected ash or gas clouds; for 15 the data are insufficient to assess severity.
PDF Kilauea--an Explosive Volcano in Hawaii [More info]
Explains how explosive eruptions occur here, shows the history of its eruptions, and describes the effects and hazards that accompany them.
PDF Mount St. Helens, 1980 to now--what's going on? [More info]
Summarizes the eruptions of this spectacular volcano and the consequences for the surrounding landscape, explains how volcanoes like this form, and how we monitor their activity to mitigate hazards they pose.
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