Metallic mineral resources
Resources from which ductile, malleable, opaque,and reflective metals that are also good heat and electricity conductors can be extracted.
Environmental processes that affect mineral deposits in the Eastern United States [ More info] Studies in Eastern United States on massive sulfide deposits in Maine, Vermont, Great Smoky Mountains, and Virginia to assess potential environmental impacts.
More than broken jars and roof tiles: the environmental legacy of a Roman mineral industry at Plasenzuela, Extremadura, Spain [ More info] Adaptation of a poster presented at Metals in Antiquity Symposium, Harvard, September 10-13, 1997.
Pathways of metal transfer from mineralized sources to bioreceptors [ More info] A synthesis of the Mineral Resources Program's past and future research directions in the western U.S. on metal contamination due to mineral deposits and mining and the environmental effects on living organisms. Chapters 1, 4, and 6 as PDF files.
Preliminary Assessment of Non-Fuel Mineral Resources of Afghanistan, 2007 [ More info] Estimates of known and undiscovered copper resources total nearly 60 million metric tons of copper. Iron resources in known deposits total 2200 million metric tons of ore. Twenty mineralized areas meriting further study were identified.
Western Region Mineral Resources Project listing [ More info] Links to ongoing mineral resources projects in the Western Region of the United States plus links to offices and staff of the Western Mineral Resources Team.
Breccia-pipe uranium mining in northern Arizona; estimate of resources and assessment of historical effects [ More info] Estimates of uranium resources affected by land withdrawal, effects of previous breccia-pipe mining, water-chemistry data for streams and springs, and potential biological pathways of exposure to uranium and associated contaminants.
Carbonatite and alkaline intrusion-related rare earth element deposits--A deposit model [ More info] Describes where and how mineral deposits of this type are found, including chemical and mineralogical characteristics, as well as unsolved scientific questions surrounding their origin.
Carolina slate belt gold deposits in Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, and Georgia [ More info] Report of research on the Carolina slate belt and gold deposits in Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, and Georgia with geologic mapping, mineralogic, geochemical, and fluid evolution studies, radiogenic dating, and stable isotope studies.
Conflict minerals from the Democratic Republic of the Congo: tin processing plants, a critical part of the tin supply chain [ More info] Describes the production and processing of tin with emphasis on the potential of the Democratic Republic of the Congo. Includes a list of tin refineries and smelters worldwide.
Estimate of undiscovered copper resources of the world, 2013 [ More info] We estimated a mean of 3,500 million metric tons (Mt) of undiscovered copper among 225 tracts around the world using a geology-based assessment methodology.
Geology, geochemistry and geophysics of sedimentary rock-hosted gold deposits in China [ More info] Second report of a joint project with the Tianjin Geological Academy to study sedimentary rock-hosted Au deposits in China.
Manganese: it turns iron into steel (and does so much more) [ More info] Explains how we use this metal, where we get it, and describes the current trends in supply and demand.
Mineral deposit models [ More info] Publications by the USGS on mineral deposit models converted to digital files that can be downloaded. Some are *.pdf files requiring Adobe Acrobat Reader to view and download text
Summaries and data packages of important areas for mineral investment and production opportunities in Afghanistan [ More info] Shows where important mineral resources are located in Afghanistan, the type of deposits there, the commodities that are present, and describes the data available to support further exploration and exploitation of these resources.
Antimony: a flame fighter [ More info] Explains how we use this element, where it is found, and describes the worldwide supply and demand for this commodity.
Chromium makes stainless steel stainless [ More info] Explains how we use chromium, the types of mineral deposits in which we find it, and the economic factors affecting supply and demand of this commodity.
Cobalt-For strength and color [ More info] Explains how we use cobalt, where it comes from, and whether we have enough available.
Copper - A Metal for the Ages [ More info] Sources, uses, and patterns of consumption of copper worldwide
Flow studies for recycling metal commodities in the United States [ More info] What happens to all the scrap metal? How well does recycling work? This guide explains what we know about the overall processes of recycling various metals.
Gallium--A smart metal [ More info] Usefulness and characteristics of this mineral commodity.
Geologic studies of mercury [ More info] Collection of six short papers related to the mercury geochemical society, the study of mercury in coal, concentrations in sediment, soil, water, and fish collected near mercury and gold mines, and volanic emissions of mercury.
Germanium: giving microelectronics an efficiency boost [ More info] Explains how we use the rare trace metal Germanium, where we find it, and outlines the supply and demand situation worldwide for this element.
Indium: bringing liquid-crystal displays into focus [ More info] Explains the uses for, sources of, and supply and demand for this rare metal element.
Lead-Soft and easy to cast [ More info] Explains how we use lead, where it comes from, and how we might ensure that we have adequate supplies of this mineral commodity in the future.
Lithium: for harnessing renewable energy [ More info] Explains how this element is used, where we get it, and prospects for future supply and demand.
Nickel - Makes stainless steel strong [ More info] Uses, sources, and history of Nickel as a mineral commodity.
Niobium and tantalum: indispensable twins [ More info] Explains why these elements are commonly discussed together, how they are used, where we get them, and prospects for future supply and demand.
Platinum-group elements: so many excellent properties [ More info] These elements, abbreviated as PGE, include platinum, palladium, rhodium, ruthenium, iridium, and osmium. They have similar physical and chemical properties and occur together in nature.
Rare earth elements--End use and recyclability [ More info] Rare earth element use is changing with technology. This report explains how we use them and the prospects for recycling these important commodities.
Alphabetical Index of Topics
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