This Data Release presents multi-agency data for selenium concentrations in ecosystem media that includes water column, suspended particulate material, zooplankton, invertebrates, and fish. Because the data are compiled from multiple sources, the significant figures used to report contaminant concentrations and other metrics may not be internally consistent. These data will serve as the basis for ecosystem-scale modeling of Lake Koocanusa, a bi-national reservoir in Montana and British Columbia. Spreadsheets are ordered in a food-web format to facilitate modeling that emphasizes spatially and temporally paired data. Selenium concentrations are species-specific for fish and taxa-specific for invertebrates to address required specificity for biodynamic dietary modeling. Phytoplankton, zooplankton, and invertebrate densities or biomass are compiled, in addition to fish catches, to help elucidate productivity and identify which groups, taxa, or species are abundant on a seasonal basis. For water quality context, the historical record of selenium concentrations is given, with emphasis on the primary selenium loading site near where the Elk River enters Lake Koocanusa. Spreadsheets with the term &quot;annex&quot; in their file name address a competing toxin, mercury, for fish. Recent high frequency monitoring of selenium concentrations at the international border and at a gaging station below Libby Dam provide a perspective on future selenium data availability. Methodologies are described as federal, provincial, and state agencies transition to a consistent set of protocols to ensure consistency in monitoring for locations on both sides of the border.
|Title||Selenium concentrations in food webs of Lake Koocanusa in the vicinity of Libby Dam (MT) and the Elk River (BC) as the basis for applying ecosystem-scale modeling, 2008-2018|
|Authors||Theresa Presser, David L Naftz|
|Product Type||Data Release|
|Record Source||USGS Digital Object Identifier Catalog|
|USGS Organization||Earth System Processes Division|
Understanding and documenting the scientific basis of selenium ecological protection in support of site-specific guidelines development for Lake Koocanusa, Montana, U.S.A., and British Columbia, Canada
Understanding and documenting the scientific basis of selenium ecological protection in support of site-specific guidelines development for Lake Koocanusa, Montana, U.S.A., and British Columbia, CanadaModeling of ecosystems is a part of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency’s protocol for developing site-specific selenium guidelines for protection of aquatic life. Selenium as an environmental contaminant is known to bioaccumulate and cause reproductive effects in fish and wildlife. Here we apply a modeling methodology—ecosystem-scale selenium modeling—to understand and document the scientifi