The Greenville/Mt. Diablo earthquake sequence of January 24-26, 1980, was composed of Small and moderate earthquakes; the two largest shocks, on January 24 and 26, were of magnitudes (M) 5.5 and 5.6, respectively (Bolt and others, 1981). A 5.5 event is at the lower end of the range of earthquake magnitudes which cause observable ground failure (Youd and Perkins, 1978; Keefer, 1984). While none of the slope failures produced by the Greenville/Mt. Diablo earthquake sequence (GMDES) was larger than a few tens of cubic meters, they were both widespread in area (see map) and rich in variety, and thus have much to teach us about seismically induced slope failures in the San Francisco Bay area.
This map depicts the location, type, and relative size of the ground failures observed during our reconnaissance, which began at 2:30 pm PST on January 24 and continued on January 25, 26, and 28 and February 6. Our observations were generally limited to that part of the Livermore region that is accessible by state and county roads.
Information about the individual ground failures may be obtained from the map and the brief descriptions in table 1. The following text is a general discussion of the distribution and the mechanisms of the ground failures, followed by a discussion of the effects of wet winter conditions and of topographic amplification on the distribution and mechanisms of slope failure, and it concludes with a description of our (unsuccessful) efforts to locate any ground failures due to liquefaction. The discussion is intended not only to describe the GMDES slope failures but also to place them into the larger general context of seismically induced slope failures.
|Title||Map showing ground failures from the Greenville/Mount Diablo earthquake sequence of January 1980, Northern California|
|Authors||R. C. Wilson, G. F. Wieczorek, D. K. Keefer, E. L. Harp, N.E. Tannaci|
|Publication Subtype||USGS Numbered Series|
|Series Title||Miscellaneous Field Studies Map|
|Record Source||USGS Publications Warehouse|