Sequence of production-related subsurface events that may induce land

Sequence of production-related subsurface events that may induce land subsidence and reactivate faults

Detailed Description

Sequence of production-related subsurface events that may induce land subsidence and reactivate faults. Prolonged or rapid production of oil, gas, and formation water (2) causes subsurface formation pressures to decline (3). The lowered pressures (3) increase the effective stress of the overburden (4), which causes compaction of the reservoir rocks and may cause formerly active faults (1) to be reactivated (5). Either compaction of the strata or downward displacement along faults can cause land-surface subsidence (6). Where subsidence and fault reactivation occur in wetland areas, the wetlands typically are submerged and changed to open water (7). Figure is not to scale. D, down; U, up. 

Details

Image Dimensions: 750 x 732

Location Taken: US