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USGS HVO Press Release — Magnitude-4.5 earthquake north of Moloka‘i

June 24, 2013

The U.S. Geological Survey's Hawaiian Volcano Observatory (HVO) recorded a magnitude-4.5 earthquakelocated north of the Island of Moloka‘i on Friday, June 21, 2013, at 12:04 a.m., HST. 

The earthquake was located 55 km (34 mi) north of Maunaloa, Moloka‘i, at a depth of about 35 km (22 mi). A map showing the location of the earthquake is posted on the HVO website at

HVO's seismic records show that 10 earthquakes of magnitude 3 or larger have occurred north of Moloka‘i in the past 20 years, including a magnitude-4.1 earthquake on May 20, 2005. 

Wes Thelen, HVO's Seismic Network Manager, says that earthquakes in this area are not uncommon and are typically caused by a structural adjustment of the mantle in response to the weight of the Hawaiian Islands. "This is a good reminder that the Island of Hawai‘i is not the only Hawaiian island prone to earthquakes," he added.

No aftershocks have been recorded, and, according to Thelen, aftershocks typically do not follow earthquakes at these depths in the mantle.

Today's earthquake was felt on several Hawaiian islands, from Maui to Kaua‘i. The USGS "Did you feel it?" Web site ( received more than 60 felt reports within the first hour of the earthquake. Thus far, there have been no reports of damage.

The earthquake is not expected to have any effect on Kīlauea's ongoing eruptions. "HVO monitoring networks have not detected any significant changes in activity at the summits or rift zones of Kīlauea or other Hawaiian volcanoes," said Jim Kauahikaua, HVO's Scientist-in-Charge.

The magnitude was initially estimated at 4.0, but more detailed seismic analyses resulted in a final magnitude of 4.5. 

Due to a technical glitch, the USGS National Earthquake Information Center and Hawaiian Volcano Observatory webpages briefly posted two earthquakes north of Moloka‘i, but only one earthquake occurred.

For information on recent earthquakes in Hawai‘i and eruption updates, visit the Hawaiian Volcano Observatory website at

Daily updates about ongoing eruptions, recent images and videos of summit and East Rift Zone volcanic activity, maps, and data about recent earthquakes in Hawaii are posted on the HVO website at

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