Skip to main content
U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Lidar Base Specification: References

Lidar Base Specification 2022 rev. A

List of references provided for additional resources. Not all references are cited on the Lidar Base Specifications web pages. 

References

American Society for Photogrammetry and Remote Sens­ing (ASPRS), 2004, Vertical accuracy reporting for lidar data, version 1.0: American Society for Photo­grammetry and Remote Sensing, 20 p. [Also available at http://www.asprs.org/a/society/committees/lidar/Downloads/Vertical_Accuracy_Reporting_for_Lidar_Data.pdf.]

American Society for Photogrammetry and Remote Sens­ing (ASPRS), 2011, LAS specification (ver. 1.4–R15, July 2019): Bethesda, Md., American Society for Photogram­metry and Remote Sensing, 27 p. [Also available at http://www.asprs.org/wp-content/uploads/2019/07/LAS_1_4_r15.pdf.]

American Society for Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing (ASPRS), 2014, “Positional Accuracy Standards for Digital Geospatial Data”—Draft revision 5, version 1: Ameri­can Society for Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing, 39 p., accessed October 12, 2014, at http://www.asprs.org/wp-content/uploads/2015/01/ASPRS_Positional_Accuracy_Standards_Edition1_Version100_November2014.pdf.

Dewberry, 2012, National enhanced elevation assessment final report: Fairfax, Va., Dewberry, 871 p. [Also available at https://www.dewberry.com/services/geospatial-mapping-and-survey/national-enhanced-elevation-assessment-final-report.]

Federal Emergency Management Agency, 2003, Guidelines and specifications for flood hazard mapping partners, Appendix A—Guidance for aerial mapping and surveying: Federal Emergency Management Agency, 57 p., accessed March 31, 2022, at https://www.fema.gov/sites/default/files/nepa/Guidelines_and_Specifications_for_Flood_Hazard_Mapping_Partners_Volume_1-_Flood_Studies_and_Mapping__Apr_2003__SUPERSEDED.pdf.

Federal Geographic Data Committee, 1998, Geospatial positioning accuracy standards, Part 3—National stan­dard for spatial data accuracy: Federal Geographic Data Committee, Subcommittee for Base Carto­graphic Data, FGDC-STD-007.3-1998, 28 p. [Also available at https://www.fgdc.gov/standards/projects/FGDC-standards-projects/accuracy/part3/chapter3.]

International Standards Organization (ISO), 2007, Geographic information—Spatial referencing by coordinates, ISO 19111:2007, 78 p.

International Standards Organization (ISO), 2015, Geographic information—Well-known text representation of coordinate reference systems, ISO 19162:2015, 85 p.

Maune, David F., 2007, Definitions, in Digital elevation model technologies and applications—The DEM users’ manual, 2nd edition: Bethesda, Md., American Society for Photo­grammetry and Remote Sensing, p. 535–564.

National Digital Elevation Program, 2004, Guide­lines for digital elevation data, version 1: National Digital Elevation Program, 93 p. [Also available at https://nationalmap.gov/standards/pdf/NDEP_Elevation_Guidelines_Ver1_10May2004.pdf.]

Obama, Barack, 2013, Making open and machine readable the new default for Government information: Federal Register, v. 78, 3 p., accessed July 30, 2014, at https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/FR-2013-05-14/pdf/2013-11533.pdf.

Office of Management and Budget (OMB), 2002, Circu­lar A-16—Coordination of Geographic Information and Related Spatial Data Activities (revised 2002): accessed October 5, 2017, at https://obamawhitehouse.archives.gov/omb/circulars_a016_rev.

Open Geospatial Consortium, Inc. (OGC), 2001, OpenGIS® implementation specification: Coordinate Transformation Services—Revision 5: Open Geospatial Consortium, Inc., 117 p. [Also available at http://www.opengeospatial.org/standards/ct.]

Open Geospatial Consortium, Inc. (OGC), 2015, Geographic information—Well-known text representation of coordinate reference systems (ver. 1.0): Open Geospatial Consortium, Inc., 96 p. [Also available at http://docs.opengeospatial.org/is/12-063r5/12-063r5.html.]

Open Geospatial Consortium, Inc. (OGC), 2021, OGC® GeoPackage Encoding Standard (ver. 1.3): Open Geospatial Consortium, Inc. [Available at https://docs.ogc.org/is/12-128r17/12-128r17.html.]

U.S. Geological Survey, [2010], NHD user guide: U.S. Geo­logical Survey Hydrography web page, accessed Octo­ber 24, 2017, at https://nhd.usgs.gov/userguide.html.