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A crustal seismic velocity model for the UK, Ireland and surrounding seas

January 1, 2007

A regional model of the 3-D variation in seismic P-wave velocity structure in the crust of NW Europe has been compiled from wide-angle reflection/refraction profiles. Along each 2-D profile a velocity–depth function has been digitised at 5 km intervals. These 1-D velocity functions were mapped into three dimensions using ordinary kriging with weights determined to minimise the difference between digitised and interpolated values. An analysis of variograms of the digitised data suggested a radial isotropic weighting scheme was most appropriate. Horizontal dimensions of the model cells are optimised at 40 × 40 km and the vertical dimension at 1 km. The resulting model provides a higher resolution image of the 3-D variation in seismic velocity structure of the UK, Ireland and surrounding areas than existing models. The construction of the model through kriging allows the uncertainty in the velocity structure to be assessed. This uncertainty indicates the high density of data required to confidently interpolate the crustal velocity structure, and shows that for this region the velocity is poorly constrained for large areas away from the input data.

Publication Year 2007
Title A crustal seismic velocity model for the UK, Ireland and surrounding seas
DOI 10.1111/j.1365-246X.2007.03569.x
Authors A. Kelly, R.W. England, Peter K.H. Maguire
Publication Type Article
Publication Subtype Journal Article
Series Title Geophysical Journal International
Index ID 70031631
Record Source USGS Publications Warehouse