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Alaska Volcano Observatory archive of seismic drum records of eruptions of Augustine Volcano (1986), Redoubt Volcano (1989–90), Mount Spurr (1992), and Pavlof Volcano (1996), and the 1996 earthquake swarm at Akutan Peak

January 24, 2022

The advent of continuous digital recording of seismograph stations in Alaska did not occur until the fall of 2002. Continuous records of seismic waveforms prior to 2002 were recorded only in analog form. The Alaska Volcano Observatory (AVO) has a substantial archive of continuous analog records made on helicorders in a collection maintained by the University of Alaska Fairbanks Geophysical Institute. As part of the response to the 2006 Augustine Volcano eruption, the AVO scanned analog drum records of the 1986 Augustine eruption to aid in comparing the progression of volcanic seismicity in 2006 with the seismic record of the 1986 eruption. The scanned records proved useful, prompting subsequent efforts to preserve records from other notable episodes of volcanic unrest as readily available scanned images. The data archive accompanying this report contains scanned images of select drum records for the eruptions at Augustine Volcano (1986), Redoubt Volcano (1989–90), Mount Spurr (1992), and Pavlof Volcano (1996), as well as for the 1996 earthquake swarm at Akutan Peak.

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