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Chandeleur Islands to Breton Island bathymetric and topographic datasets and operational sediment budget development: Methodology and analysis report

March 21, 2022

This study is part of the Coastal Protection and Restoration Authority (CPRA) Louisiana Barrier Island Comprehensive Monitoring (BICM) program. The goal of the BICM program is to provide long-term data on the barrier islands of Louisiana for monitoring change and assisting in coastal management. The BICM program uses historical data and acquires new data to map and monitor shoreline position, sediment properties, topography, bathymetry, and habitat. Since 2006, the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) has collected geophysical and sedimentologic data across the Breton National Wildlife Refuge (BNWR) through the BICM program and collaborative USGS projects such as the Barrier Island Evolution Research project (under CPRA contract number 2000339324, BICM2–Chandeleurs TopoBathy DEM), which builds upon the previous BICM physical assessment of the BNWR outlined in a separate report. This project uses topographic and bathymetric data from three periods (1917–1922, 2006–2007, and 2013–2015) to develop digital elevation models (DEMs), measure elevation change, and calculate sediment budgets for the barrier island system. The sediment budget analysis, derived from the volumetric change between the three periods, is necessary for understanding sediment transport dynamics along barrier islands and providing information for effective coastal management. This report describes the methods used to acquire, process, and produce these products.