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Climate change influences on marine infectious diseases: implications for management and society

June 1, 2013

Infectious diseases are common in marine environments, but the effects of a changing climate on marine pathogens are not well understood. Here, we focus on reviewing current knowledge about how the climate drives hostpathogen interactions and infectious disease outbreaks. Climate-related impacts on marine diseases are being documented in corals, shellfish, finfish, and humans; these impacts are less clearly linked to other organisms. Oceans and people are inextricably linked, and marine diseases can both directly and indirectly affect human health, livelihoods, and well-being. We recommend an adaptive management approach to better increase the resilience of ocean systems vulnerable to marine diseases in a changing climate. Land-based management methods of quarantining, culling, and vaccinating are not successful in the ocean; therefore, forecasting conditions that lead to outbreaks and designing tools/approaches to influence these conditions may be the best way to manage marine disease.

Citation Information

Publication Year 2014
Title Climate change influences on marine infectious diseases: implications for management and society
DOI 10.1146/annurev-marine-010213-135029
Authors Colleen A. Burge, C. Mark Eakin, Carolyn S. Friedman, Brett Froelich, Paul K. Hershberger, Eileen E. Hofmann, Laura E. Petes, Katherine C. Prager, Ernesto Weil, Bette L. Willis, Susan E. Ford, C. Drew Harvell
Publication Type Article
Publication Subtype Journal Article
Series Title Annual Review of Marine Science
Series Number
Index ID 70058702
Record Source USGS Publications Warehouse
USGS Organization Western Fisheries Research Center