Herbicide safeners are commonly included in herbicide formulations to selectively protect crops from herbicide toxicity but are poorly understood in terms of their environmental occurrence and fate. This study established an analytical method for a newer safener, cyprosulfamide, and two of its degradates, cyprosulfamide desmethyl and N-cyclopropyl-4-sulfamoylbenzamide, in water via solid-phase extraction and liquid chromatography with tandem mass spectroscopy. To evaluate the potential for off-field transport and transformation of cyprosulfamide, the method was used to analyze groundwater and surface water samples collected near cornfields in the midwestern United States where cyprosulfamide had been applied. All three compounds were detected in surface water samples (N = 34); N-cyclopropyl-4-sulfamoylbenzamide was most frequently detected (56%), followed by cyprosulfamide (25%) and cyprosulfamide desmethyl (19%). Maximum concentrations ranged from 22.0 to 5185.9 ng/L, with the highest concentrations and detection rates during the growing season. None of our target analytes were detected in groundwater.
|Title||Cyprosulfamide: Analysis of the herbicide safener and two of its degradates in surface water and groundwater from the Midwestern United States|
|Authors||Monica E McFadden, Michelle Hladik|
|Publication Subtype||Journal Article|
|Series Title||ACS Agricultural Science and Technology|
|Record Source||USGS Publications Warehouse|
|USGS Organization||California Water Science Center|