Selection of the appropriate extrapolation methods for computing the discharge in the unmeasured top and bottom parts of a moving-boat acoustic Doppler current proﬁler (ADCP) streamﬂow measurement is critical to the total discharge computation. The software tool, extrap, combines normalized velocity
proﬁles from the entire cross section and multiple transects to determine a mean proﬁle for the measurement. The use of an exponent derived from normalized data from the entire cross section is shown to be valid for application of the power velocity distribution law in the computation of the unmeasured discharge in a cross section. Selected statistics are combined with empirically derived criteria to automatically select the appropriate extrapolation methods. A graphical user interface (GUI) provides the user tools to visually evaluate the automatically selected extrapolation methods and manually change them, as necessary. The sensitivity of the total discharge to available extrapolation methods is presented in the GUI. Use of extrap by ﬁeld hydrographers has demonstrated that extrap is a more accurate and efﬁcient method of determining the appropriate extrapolation methods compared with tools currently (2012) provided in the ADCP manufacturers’ software.
|Title||extrap: Software to assist the selection of extrapolation methods for moving-boat ADCP streamﬂow measurements|
|Authors||David S. Mueller|
|Publication Subtype||Journal Article|
|Series Title||Computers & Geosciences|
|Record Source||USGS Publications Warehouse|
|USGS Organization||Office of Surface Water|