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Formation pressure and fluid flow measurements in marine gas hydrate reservoirs, NGHP-02 expedition, offshore India

October 1, 2019

Open Hole Modular Dynamic Testing (MDT) measurements were conducted in a gas hydrate-bearing sand-rich reservoir offshore India during the National Gas Hydrate Program 02 (NGHP-02) Expedition. The primary goal of this test was to obtain effective reservoir petrophysical properties in the presence of gas hydrates. The test plan included a series of pre-hydrate dissociation flow and build-up (shut-in) tests, and an attempt to dissociate gas hydrate in a sand-rich reservoir by depressurization to collect formation fluid samples and to further characterize in situ gas hydrate stability conditions. Schlumberger’s wireline MDT tool was used in a dual-packer configuration to isolate the formation being tested.

This paper presents the results of the open hole MDT measurements that were conducted in Hole NGHP-02-23-C in Krishna-Godavari Basin at a water depth of 2553.5 m. The MDT dual packer test was conducted in 27 cm (10.63 in) diameter open hole section of the borehole within a 1-m interval isolated between two inflatable packers with the midpoint of the test interval at 2853.0 meter below rig floor (mbrf) (271.0 meter below sea floor (mbsf)). This was the first gas hydrate MDT test ever conducted in ultradeep water to characterize a gas hydrate reservoir system. Pre-hydrate dissociation testing was performed with a drawdown period (depressurization) of 20 minutes followed by a build-up (shut-in) of 20 minutes. The measured formation pressure was 4090.7 psia and the formation fluid (i.e., water) mobility was calculated at 1.98 mD/cP. During the second dissociation phase of the same test a maximum pressure drawdown of 840 psia was achieved; however, falling short of the 1120 psia drawdown required for dissociation. During the dissociation test the flow line pressure stabilized at a flowing pressure of 3250 psia which can be attributed to the relatively high mobility of the free water phase in the hydrate-bearing reservoir. Good quality formation pressure and near well bore mobility data was acquired that yielded a “high confidence” reservoir effective radial permeability-thickness product of 0.2 mD.m (or a horizontal effective permeability of 0.1 mD assuming a reservoir thicknees of 1.8 m) using pressure transient analysis (radial flow regime was achieved) despite unstable borehole conditions and complex operations in these shallow unconsolidated sedimentary sections.

Citation Information

Publication Year 2019
Title Formation pressure and fluid flow measurements in marine gas hydrate reservoirs, NGHP-02 expedition, offshore India
DOI 10.1016/j.marpetgeo.2018.11.035
Authors Pushpendra Kumar, Timothy S. Collett, U.S. Yadav, Juli Singh
Publication Type Article
Publication Subtype Journal Article
Series Title Journal of Marine and Petroleum Geology
Series Number
Index ID 70206800
Record Source USGS Publications Warehouse
USGS Organization Central Energy Resources Science Center