Skip to main content
U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Geology of caves

January 1, 1991

A cave is a natural opening in the ground extending beyond the zone of light and large enough to permit the entry of man. Occurring in a wide variety of rock types and caused by widely differing geological processes, caves range in size from single small rooms to intercorinecting passages many miles long. The scientific study of caves is called speleology (from the Greek words spelaion for cave and logos for study). It is a composite science based on geology, hydrology, biology, and archaeology, and thus holds special interest for earth scientists of the U.S. Geological Survey.

Publication Year 1991
Title Geology of caves
DOI 10.3133/7000072
Authors I.M. Morgan
Publication Type Report
Publication Subtype USGS Unnumbered Series
Series Title General Interest Publication
Index ID 7000072
Record Source USGS Publications Warehouse