Ground water contamination by crude oil near Bemidji, Minnesota
Ground-water contamination by crude oil, and other petroleum-based liquids, is a widespread problem. An average of 83 crude-oil spills occurred per year during 1994-96 in the United States, each spilling about 50,000 barrels of crude oil (U.S. Office of Pipeline Safety, electronic commun., 1997). An understanding of the fate of organic contaminants (such as oil and gasoline) in the subsurface is needed to design innovative and cost-effective remedial solutions at contaminated sites.
|Ground water contamination by crude oil near Bemidji, Minnesota
|G. N. Delin, H.I. Essaid, I.M. Cozzarelli, M.H. Lahvis, B.A. Bekins
|USGS Numbered Series
|USGS Publications Warehouse
|Minnesota Water Science Center; Toxic Substances Hydrology Program