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Lead isotopes in volcanic rocks and possible ocean-floor thrusting beneath island arcs

January 1, 1969

The isotopic composition of lead in the Japanese primary basalts gradually decreases in radiogenic character in a transverse from the Pacific Ocean side to the Japan Sea side, whereas the observed 238U204Pb">238U204Pb and 232Th204Pb">232Th204Pb ratios in the basalts increase in the same direction. The isotopic composition of lead suggests that tholeiite (Pacific side) is generated at a shallower depth than alkali basalt (Japan Sea side) as postulated by Kuno. The inverse correlation of the 238U204Pb">238U204Pb with the 206Pb204Pb">206Pb204Pb ratios could be due to preferential Pb extraction with respect to uranium at shallow depths. Alternatively, these geochemical results can be interpreted in terms of the Pacific oceanic rigid plate being underthurst beneath the island arc. The isotopic variation in basalts across the Japanese island arc would result from different proportions of the plate material and the upper mantle of continental side in the partial melt.

    Citation Information

    Publication Year 1969
    Title Lead isotopes in volcanic rocks and possible ocean-floor thrusting beneath island arcs
    DOI 10.1016/0012-821X(69)90187-3
    Authors M. Tatsumoto
    Publication Type Article
    Publication Subtype Journal Article
    Series Title Earth and Planetary Science Letters
    Series Number
    Index ID 70010205
    Record Source USGS Publications Warehouse
    USGS Organization