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Materials flow in the United States—A global context, 1900–2020

October 31, 2022


During the last 12 decades (1900–2020), the amounts of raw materials used in the United States have increased significantly due to economic development, technological innovations, and population growth. Data on materials are presented here to provide an overview of the annual quantities (measured in physical terms) required for the standard of living in the United States and to provide insights into the consumption trajectory that developing countries may follow. The consumption patterns driving the use of raw materials were analyzed through the lens of economic disruptions and expansions during this period, illustrating the linkages between the selected materials and economic development. These annual material inputs to the U.S. economy (excluding food or fuel) were also analyzed in a global context. The data used were gathered by various agencies and compiled by the U.S. Geological Survey.

Publication Year 2022
Title Materials flow in the United States—A global context, 1900–2020
DOI 10.3133/dr1164
Authors Grecia R. Matos
Publication Type Report
Publication Subtype USGS Numbered Series
Series Title Data Report
Series Number 1164
Index ID dr1164
Record Source USGS Publications Warehouse
USGS Organization National Minerals Information Center