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Methods and computer program documentation for determining anisotropic transmissivity tensor components of two-dimensional ground-water flow

January 1, 1994

The theory of anisotropic aquifer hydraulic properties and a computer program, written in Fortran 77, developed to compute the components of the anisotropic transmissivity tensor of two-dimensional groundwater flow are described. To determine the tensor components using one pumping well and three observation wells, the type-curve and straight-line approximation methods are developed. These methods are based on the equation of drawdown developed for two-dimensional nonsteady flow in an infinite anisotropic aquifer. To determine tensor components using more than three observation wells, a weighted least squares optimization procedure is described for use with the type-curve and straight-line approximation methods. The computer program described in this report allows the type-curve, straight-line approximation, and weighted least squares optimization methods to be used in conjunction with data from observation and pumping wells. Three example applications using the computer program and field data gathered during geohydrologic investigations at a site near Dawsonville, Georgia , are provided to illustrate the use of the computer program. The example applications demonstrate the use of the type-curve method using three observation wells, the weighted least squares optimization method using eight observation wells and equal weighting, and the weighted least squares optimization method using eight observation wells and unequal weighting. Results obtained using the computer program indicate major transmissivity in the range of 347-296 sq ft/day, minor transmissivity in the range of 139-99 sq ft/day, aquifer anisotropy in the range of 3.54 to 2.14, principal direction of flow in the range of N. 45.9 degrees E. to N. 58.7 degrees E., and storage coefficient in the range of 0.0063 to 0.0037. The numerical results are in good agreement with field data gathered on the weathered crystalline rocks underlying the investigation site. Supplemental material provides definitions of variables, data requirements and corresponding formats, input data and output results for the example applications, and a listing of the Fortran 77 computer code. (Author's abstract)

Citation Information

Publication Year 1986
Title Methods and computer program documentation for determining anisotropic transmissivity tensor components of two-dimensional ground-water flow
DOI 10.3133/ofr86227
Authors M. L. Maslia, R.B. Randolph
Publication Type Report
Publication Subtype USGS Numbered Series
Series Title Open-File Report
Series Number 86-227
Index ID ofr86227
Record Source USGS Publications Warehouse
USGS Organization South Atlantic Water Science Center