The potentiometric surface of the Edwards-Trinity aquifer system and contiguous hydraulically connected units (from December 1974 through February 1975) was mapped as part of the Edwards-Trinity Regional Aquifer-System Analysis (RASA) project. A major goal of the Edwards-Trinity RASA project is to understand and describe the regional flow system (Bush, 1986). The development of a digital ground-water flow model of the aquifer system is a key part of the project. This potentiometric map will be used in the calibration of the ground-water flow model and in understanding ground-water movement in the aquifer system.
The map depicts the potentiometric surface of the major aquifers of the Edwards-Trinity aquifer system and contiguous units that form a continuous hydraulically connected regional aquifer within the study area in west-central Texas (fig. 1). The potentiometric surface of an aquifer is an imaginary surface defined by contouring locations of equal static head (the altitude to which water will rise in a well). The potentiometric surface map shows the direction of ground-water flow from higher to lower altitude.
The study area extends beyond the aquifers of the Edwards-Trinity system to hydrologic divides, including the Colorado River and the Rio Grande (fig. 2).
The data used to compile this map were obtained from the Texas Natural Resources Information System on magnetic tape and from Rees and Buckner (1980). The winter of 1974-75 (December 1974 through February 1975) was selected for mapping for two reasons: (1) More water-level data were available throughout the study area for this winter season than for other winter seasons, and (2) during winter there is almost no loss of ground water as a result of evaporation, irrigation withdrawals, and transpiration.
Potentiometric surface of the Edwards-Trinity aquifer system and contiguous hydraulically connected units, west-central Texas, winter, 1974-75