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Quasi‐steady centrifuge method for unsaturated hydraulic properties

January 1, 2005

We have developed the quasi‐steady centrifuge (QSC) method as a variation of the steady state centrifuge method that can be implemented simply and inexpensively with greater versatility in terms of sample size and other features. It achieves these advantages by somewhat relaxing the criterion for steadiness of flow through the sample. This compromise entails an increase in measurement uncertainty but to a degree that is tolerable in most applications. We have tested this new approach with an easily constructed apparatus to establish a quasi‐steady flow of water in unsaturated porous rock samples spinning in a centrifuge, obtaining measurements of unsaturated hydraulic conductivity and water retention that agree with results of other methods. The QSC method is adaptable to essentially any centrifuge suitable for hydrogeologic applications, over a wide range of sizes and operating speeds. The simplified apparatus and greater adaptability of this method expands the potential for exploring situations that are common in nature but have been the subject of few laboratory investigations.

Publication Year 2005
Title Quasi‐steady centrifuge method for unsaturated hydraulic properties
DOI 10.1029/2005WR003957
Authors Maria C. Caputo, John R. Nimmo
Publication Type Article
Publication Subtype Journal Article
Series Title Water Resources Research
Index ID 70027638
Record Source USGS Publications Warehouse
USGS Organization Toxic Substances Hydrology Program