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Recommendations for Cycle II of National Water-Quality Assessment (NAWQA) Program

January 1, 1999

The Planning Team for the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) National Water-Quality Assessment (NAWQA) Program defines a successful NAWQA Program as one that makes a balanced contribution to study-unit issues, national issues, and to the pursuit of scientific knowledge. Using this criterion, NAWQA has been a success. The program has provided important new knowledge and understanding of scientific processes, and insights into the occurrence and distribution of contaminants that have been key to local and national policy decisions. Most of the basic design characteristics of NAWQA's first decade (1991-2000), hereafter called cycle I) remain appropriate as the program enters its second decade (cycle II) in 2001. In cycle II, the program has the opportunity to build on its successful base and to evolve to take advantage of the knowledge generated in cycle I. In addition to this expected evolution, NAWQA must also make some changes to compensate for the fact that program funding has not kept pace with inflation.

An important theme for the second cycle of NAWQA will be the integration of knowledge across scales and across disciplines. The question that drove the NAWQA design in the first cycle was "How is water quality related to land use?" Cycle II will build upon what was learned in cycle I and use land-use and water-quality gradients to identify and understand potential sources of various constituents and the processes affecting transport and fate of those constituents and their effects on receptors. The understanding we gain from applying this approach will be relevant to the interests of policymakers, regulatory agencies, and resource managers.

Publication Year 1999
Title Recommendations for Cycle II of National Water-Quality Assessment (NAWQA) Program
DOI 10.3133/ofr99470
Authors Gail E. Mallard, Jeffrey T. Armbruster, Robert E. Broshears, Eric J. Evenson, Samuel N. Luoma, Patrick J. Phillips, Keith R. Prince
Publication Type Report
Publication Subtype USGS Numbered Series
Series Title Open-File Report
Series Number 99-470
Index ID ofr99470
Record Source USGS Publications Warehouse