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Results of exploration at the Old Leyden coal mine, Jefferson County, Colorado

January 1, 1953

Six diamond core holes totaling 2, 201 feet were drilled by the. U, S. Bureau of Mines under contract to the U. S. Atomic Energy Commission at the Old Leyden coal mine, Jefferson County, Colo. The holes were spotted on the basis of geologic mapping by the U. S. Geological survey and were drilled to explore the lateral and downward extent of a uranium-bearing coal and the associated carnotite deposits in the adjacent sandstone° The data obtained from the diamond-core holes helped to explain the geology and structural control of the deposit. The uranium is most abundant in a coal bed that in places has been brecciated by shearing. and then altered to a hard, dense, and silicified rock. The uraniferous coal is in the nearly vertical beds of the Laramie formation of Upper Cretaceous age.

Small lenticular bodies of uraniferous material, 50 feet long, 25 to 30 feet wide, and 2 to 4 feet thick, occur at intervals in the coal and silicified coal over a strike length of about 800 feet. These bodies contain 0.10 to 0.50 percent uranium. Data obtained from the drilling indicate a discontinuous radioactive zone between these higher-grade bodies; assays of samples from the cores range from 0.001 to 0.10 percent uranium. All drill holes were probed by Survey and A. E. C. logging equipment and showed anomalies where the core assayed more than 0.005 percent uranium.

Material of ore grade--0.10 percent uranium--was found in one core; the rock in the other five holes was of lower grade. The presence of the radioactive zone in all holes suggests, however, that uranium is distributed irregularly in a southerly plunging deposit which is exposed in the adit, on the outcrop, and in other diamond-drill holes that were put down by the lessee.

Publication Year 1953
Title Results of exploration at the Old Leyden coal mine, Jefferson County, Colorado
DOI 10.3133/ofr5382
Authors A.J. Gude, F. A. McKeown
Publication Type Report
Publication Subtype USGS Numbered Series
Series Title Open-File Report
Series Number 53-82
Index ID ofr5382
Record Source USGS Publications Warehouse