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Seismic-refraction measurements of crustal structure between Nevada Test Site and Ludlow, California

February 22, 1964

Seismic-refraction measurements from nuclear and chemical explosions were made along a line from the Nevada Test Site (NTS) to Ludlow, California, and additional recordings from nuclear explosions were made southward toward Calexico, California. The time of first arrivals from the Ludlow shotpoint is expressed as T0 = 0.00 + Δ/2.50 (assumed), T1 = 1.00 + Δ6.10, T2 = 2.81 + Δ/6.80, and T3 = 5.48 + ~7.76, where T is in seconds and distance Δ is in km. First arrival times from NTS fit the lines T1 = 0.74 + Δ/6.10, T2 = 2.81 + Δ/6.80 (assumed), T3 = 6.70 + Δ/8.04 to a distance of 265 km, beyond 265 km T3 = 5.83 + Δ/7.75. The difference in the apparent velocities of the Pn (T3) arrival is caused by variations in the dip of the Mohorovicic discontinuity. The thickness of the successive layers at NTS are H0 s 1.0 km (V0 ~ 2.5 km/sec), H1 = 13 km (v1 = 6.1 km/sec), and H2 = 20 km (v2 = 6.8 km/ sec); the total crustal thickness is 34 km. The successive crustal layers at Ludlow have a thickness of H0 = 1.4 km, H1 = 13 km, and H2 = 13 km; the total crustal thickness is 27 km.

Citation Information

Publication Year 1964
Title Seismic-refraction measurements of crustal structure between Nevada Test Site and Ludlow, California
DOI 10.3133/70043887
Authors J. F. Gibbs, J.C. Roller
Publication Type Report
Publication Subtype USGS Unnumbered Series
Series Title Crustal Studies Technical Letter
Series Number 26
Index ID 70043887
Record Source USGS Publications Warehouse
USGS Organization Earthquake Science Center