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Shallow-conduit dynamics at Stromboli Volcano, Italy, imaged from waveform inversions

September 12, 2008

Modelling of Very-Long-Period (VLP) seismic data recorded during explosive activity at Stromboli in 1997 provides an image of the uppermost 1 km of its volcanic plumbing system. Two distinct dyke-like conduit structures are identified, each representative of explosive eruptions from two different vents located near the northern and southern perimeters of the summit crater. Observed volumetric changes in the dykes are viewed as the result of a piston-like action of the magma associated with the disruption of a gas slug transiting through discontinuities in the dyke apertures. Accompanying these volumetric source components are single vertical forces resulting from an exchange of linear momentum between the source and the Earth. In the dyke system underlying the northern vent, a primary disruption site is observed at an elevation near 440 m where a bifurcation in the conduit occurs. At a depth of 80 m below sea level, a sharp corner in the conduit marks another location where the elastic response of the solid to the action of the upper source induces pressure and momentum changes in the magma. In the conduit underlying the southern vent, the junction of two inclined dykes with a sub-vertical dyke at 520 m elevation is a primary site of gas slug disruption, and another conduit corner 280 m below sea level represents a coupling location between the elastic response of the solid and fluid motion.

Publication Year 2008
Title Shallow-conduit dynamics at Stromboli Volcano, Italy, imaged from waveform inversions
DOI 10.1144/SP307.5
Authors Bernard A. Chouet, Marcello Martini
Publication Type Article
Publication Subtype Journal Article
Series Title Geological Society of London Special Publications
Index ID 70198269
Record Source USGS Publications Warehouse
USGS Organization Volcano Hazards Program