Skip to main content
U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Sonoran Pronghorn Literature: An Annotated Bibliography

January 1, 2005


The Sonoran pronghorn (Antilocapra americana sonoriensis) is 1 of 5 subspecies of pronghorn in North America. Sonoran pronghorn historically ranged from eastern California into southeastern Arizona and south to Sonora, Mexico. Sonoran pronghorn currently inhabit the Sonoran Desert in Southwestern Arizona and northern Sonora, Mexico. Unfortunately, their future in North America is uncertain. In the United States, as of December 2004, there were <51 freeranging individual Sonoran pronghorn. This subspecies has been listed as endangered by the United States Fish and Wildlife Service since 1967. Because of the rapid decline in population size, biologists and managers increased management efforts to reverse the downward spiral to extinction.

To assist with enhanced management we have compiled an annotated bibliography of most of the works published on Sonoran pronghorn including peer-reviewed papers (n = 31, including submitted manuscripts), books (n = 26), theses and dissertations (n = 5), conferences, proceedings and symposiums (n = 31), reports (n = 84), abstracts (n = 14), popular articles (n = 41), and others (n = 4). These are the same categories under which we list annotations.

Most of the articles involve A. a. sonoriensis. We present the scientific name of other pronghorn when clarification is needed.

Publication Year 2005
Title Sonoran Pronghorn Literature: An Annotated Bibliography
DOI 10.3133/ofr20051265
Authors Paul R. Krausman, John R. Morgart, Lisa K. Harris, Chantal S. O'Brien, James W. Cain III, Steve S. Rosenstock
Publication Type Report
Publication Subtype USGS Numbered Series
Series Title Open-File Report
Series Number 2005-1265
Index ID ofr20051265
Record Source USGS Publications Warehouse
USGS Organization Southwest Biological Science Center