Lake sturgeon (Acipenser fulvescens) sperm cell fine structure was examined using transmission electron microscopy. The cell possesses a distinct acrosome, a defined head region, a midpiece, and a single flagellum. Sperm cells of this species share a general radial symmetry, an elongate shape, a distinct acrosome, and the presence of endonuclear canals with those of other sturgeons. The mean length of the lake sturgeon sperm cell body (acrosome + nucleus + midpiece) is approximately 7.13 µm and the length of the flagellum is about 50 µm, resulting in a total cell length of about 57 µm. The lake sturgeon sperm cell is much longer and slightly wider than that of the Atlantic sturgeon. The sperm-cell nuclei of lake, shortnose, white, and stellate sturgeons are elongate trapezoids in shape, with the anterior (acrosome) end narrowest but, in the Atlantic sturgeon, the anterior portion of the trapezoid is wider than the posterior. Although slightly smaller in total length and width, the lake sturgeon sperm cell is most similar to the shortnose sperm cell in ultrastructure, overall size, and shape; it also shares similarity of shape with the stellate and white sturgeon sperm cells. The cell nuclei of these four sturgeons have three endonuclear canals. The acrosome of the lake sturgeon sperm cell has longer posterolateral projections than that of the Atlantic or shortnose sturgeon sperm cell. A structural connection, the fibrous body, is present in the lake sturgeon sperm cell between the nuclear fossa and the proximal centriole, as in the Atlantic and shortnose sturgeon sperm cells. Our results suggest a more recent evolutionary linkage between the lake and shortnose sturgeons than with the Atlantic sturgeon. This work presents the first ultrastructural description of the lake sturgeon sperm cell.
|Title||Sperm-cell ultrastructure of North American sturgeons The lake sturgeon (Acipenser fulvescens Rafinesque, 1817)|
|Authors||M. N. DiLauro, W.S. Kaboord, R.A. Walsh|
|Publication Subtype||Journal Article|
|Series Title||Canadian Journal of Zoology|
|Record Source||USGS Publications Warehouse|