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Stream discharge measurements under ice cover

January 1, 1994

This training presentation shows procedures used by the U.S. Geological Survey to measure streamflow when streams are covered by ice. Although 'Ice Measurements' are generally more difficult to make than open-water measurements and are often made under uncomfortable conditions it is very important that ice measurements be made regularly during the winter. This is because a large part of many winter discharge records depend on such measurements.

Citation Information

Publication Year 2000
Title Stream discharge measurements under ice cover
DOI 10.3133/wri004257
Authors K. Michael Noland, Nathan D. Jacobson
Publication Type Report
Publication Subtype USGS Numbered Series
Series Title Water-Resources Investigations Report
Series Number 2000-4257
Index ID wri004257
Record Source USGS Publications Warehouse