Groundwater and surface water collectively supply the domestic, agricultural, and industrial needs of the 895-square mile upper Chehalis River Basin upstream of Grand Mound, Washington, while providing streamflow for fish and other aquatic species in the Chehalis River and its tributaries. To support sustainable water management decision-making, a water budget (including precipitation, interception, groundwater recharge, surface runoff, and groundwater pumping) was developed for the upper Chehalis River Basin during October 2001–September 2015. Water-budget components were estimated from the U.S. Geological Survey Soil-Water-Balance (SWB) model except for groundwater pumping, which was estimated from public water purveyor records, annual system data from the Washington State Department of Health, census population data, and water-use estimates. Groundwater recharge estimated from the SWB model was compared to base flow, a proxy for groundwater recharge, independently estimated from separation of the hydrograph recorded by the U.S. Geological Survey streamgage at the outlet of the basin. Mean annual precipitation for the basin was estimated at 72.6 inches, of which 35 percent was lost to evapotranspiration, 30 percent was recharged to groundwater, 30 percent was surface runoff, and 5 percent was lost to interception. SWB model estimates of groundwater recharge were 17 percent less than estimates of base flow from hydrograph separation. Groundwater pumpage in the basin was estimated at 1 percent of groundwater recharge estimated by SWB and 0.8 percent of base flow estimated by hydrograph separation. These estimates form a baseline for understanding future changes to components of water use and may be used to inform numerical groundwater models to support sustainable management of water resources in the upper Chehalis River Basin.
|Title||Water budget of the upper Chehalis River Basin, southwestern Washington|
|Authors||Andrew S. Gendaszek, Wendy B. Welch|
|Publication Subtype||USGS Numbered Series|
|Series Title||Scientific Investigations Report|
|Record Source||USGS Publications Warehouse|
|USGS Organization||Washington Water Science Center|