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Water resources of the Port Gamble Indian Reservation, Washington

January 1, 1994

This report provides information on the water resources of the Port Gamble Indian Reservation, Washington, including ground- and surface-water quality and quantity data and interpretations of the data. This information was gathered to provide a base for management and protection of the water resources of the reservation.

Ground water in the study area generally occurs in two aquifers. A shallow aquifer in weathered till (or fine sand and gravel) generally yields only enough water to wells to supply one or two households, and a lower artesian-aquifer system of sand and gravel layers near or below sea level produces higher yields--more than 65 gallons per minute to at least one well. Future supplies of ground water probably can be withdrawn from the lower artesian-aquifer system almost anywhere beneath the reservation. The estimated natural discharge of ground water from the lower artesian-aquifer system to Hood Canal and Port Gamble (bay) is about 42,000 cubic feet per day, or an average of about 220 gallons per minute. Of this amount, it is estimated that about 90 gallons per minute can be economically withdrawn, probably without greatly increasing chances of seawater intrusion. One well in the area taps a still deeper artesian aquifer that is otherwise unexplored. This aquifer, 75 to 80 feet or more below sea level, could possibly supply additional ground water for future use. Ground-water quality is good, but the water is moderately hard and has moderately high iron concentrations. Chloride analyses indicate that in 1977 there was no seawater intrusion into the lower aquifer tapped by wells in the community of Little Boston.

Citation Information

Publication Year 1980
Title Water resources of the Port Gamble Indian Reservation, Washington
DOI 10.3133/wri7966
Authors W. E. Lum
Publication Type Report
Publication Subtype USGS Numbered Series
Series Title Water-Resources Investigations Report
Series Number 79-66
Index ID wri7966
Record Source USGS Publications Warehouse