Regions

Vermont

States L2 Landing Page Tabs

Vermont, located in the New England region in the eastern United States comprises 9,614 square miles and is the 45th-largest state. Lake Champlain, the major lake in Vermont, is the sixth-largest body of fresh water in the U.S. and separates Vermont from New York in the northwest portion of the state.The state contains 2,000 higher plant species and 75 different types of natural communities.

New England Water Science Center - New Hampshire/Vermont

New England Water Science Center - New Hampshire/Vermont

361 Commerce Way
Pembroke, NH 03275-3718

Phone: (603) 226-7800
Fax: (603) 226-7894

New England Water

News

New England Newsletter Spring 2018 cover
March 22, 2018

Spring 2018 WaterMarks continues a regular series of newsletters from the USGS New England Water Science Center to cooperating agencies, collaborators, and others interested our work. This issue features:

  •  Links to new reports and journal articles by our staff
  •  Current hydrologic conditions, with a focus on winter ice in streams 
  •  Highlights of several new interpretive studies 
Measuring high water mark - blizzard of January 2018 in New England
January 15, 2018

Significant flooding along the coast of Massachusetts occurred Thursday, January 4, 2018, caused by a powerful blizzard.  Peak storm surge of approximately 3.00 feet occurred at the astro high tide; and, according to the National Weather Service, is the highest since records began at the Boston tide station in 1921. 

Image shows a geologic map of the Lower 48
August 21, 2017

A carbonatite here, a glacial moraine there, a zig-zagging fault or two, even a behemoth of a batholith. The geology of the 50 States is an enormous patchwork of varied forms, beautiful in their variance but challenging to present as a single map.

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New England Groundwater map
Date Published: October 23, 2018
Status: Active

A groundwater network geodatabase for New England

A foundation for understanding hydrologic response to climate variation 

The drought of 2016 affected hydrologic conditions throughout New England. Responses of USGS groundwater observation wells to this event, however, were not uniform and were sometimes markedly different from site to site. Although USGS scientists were able to provide explanations for most of these...

USGS
Date Published: October 16, 2018
Status: Active

Opening the black box -- digging into watershed dissolved organic carbon (DOC) processes to interpret DOC dynamics at the outlet- James Shanley

As a leading team in stream sensor application, we welcome a GRIP intern to help expand our focus on DOC quality. The intern will have free experimental reign in an established research watershed with great opportunities to publish. This position is set in a beautiful small town /rural setting with plenty of outdoor recreational activities.

Leaf litter removal practices
Date Published: September 26, 2018
Status: Active

Nutrient and sediment load reduction estimates from intensive street cleaning and leaf litter removal practices in Vermont

Urban stormwater runoff contains high phosphorus concentrations that contribute to the eutrophication to receiving waters. Recent studies have further shown that leaf fall management presents an opportunity to maximize the effectiveness of common municipal practices such as street cleaning and leaf litter removal and substantially nutrient loading.

Contacts: Jason Sorenson
A view of Mount Ascutney, the Connecticut River, and the Cornish-Windsor Covered Bridge.
Date Published: September 20, 2018
Status: Active

Northeast Bedrock Mapping Project

The Northeast Bedrock Mapping Project consists of scientists conducting geologic mapping and scientific research of complexly deformed crystalline igneous and metamorphic rocks in the Northeastern United States. Current mapping activities are focused in New Hampshire, Vermont, Connecticut, and New York. The Project produces high-quality, multi-purpose digital geologic maps and accompanying...

Contacts: Gregory Walsh
Clean data from dirty waters
Date Published: July 1, 2018
Status: Active

Clean data from dirty waters: solving particle interference in optical sensors- Jamie Shanley

Work in the beautiful Green Mountains of Vermont, as part of the USGS WEBB team investigating dissolved organic carbon (DOC) dynamics in five forested catchments across the U.S. Help the scientific community better utilize in-stream fluorescence by solving the problem of particle interference. Design field and laboratory sensor testing, with opportunities to publish results.

Screenshot of the Flood Insurance Map
Date Published: May 18, 2018
Status: Active

Development of Flood Insurance Maps in New England

FEMA has requested USGS expertise in hydraulics, hydrology, and mapping to general Flood Insurance Maps for New England.

Photo of Bird Bands in a Variety of Sizes and Types
Date Published: May 1, 2018
Status: Active

Bird Banding Laboratory

The Bird Banding Laboratory (BBL) is an integrated scientific program established in 1920 supporting the collection, archiving, management and dissemination of information from banded and marked birds in North America.  This information is used to monitor the status and trends of resident and migratory bird populations. Because birds are good indicators of the health of the environment, the...

Connecticut River in Northfield MA outreach event
Date Published: April 19, 2018
Status: Active

Nutrient loads from the Upper Connecticut River Watershed

River-borne nutrients, especially nitrogen, contribute to water-quality degradation in Long Island Sound. The Connecticut River is the largest tributary to the Sound, and quantification of nutrient loads from the three upper States in the watershed, as well as the State of Connecticut, is essential for prioritizing efforts to improve the Sound’s water quality. 

Seminar presentation
Date Published: May 15, 2017

New England WSC seminar series Cosgrove 20170515

NOAA's National Water Model (NWM) represents the next generation of river forecasting by NOAA. The NWM is based on the National Hydrography Dataset at a scale of 1:100,000 and is being developed to provide continuous modeled river flows for all 2 million plus river reaches in the model.

Contacts: Matt Ely
Surveying for the FEMA project
Date Published: May 11, 2017
Status: Active

IJC Lake Champlain and the Richelieu River Project

The record setting floods of 2011 in Lake Champlain Vermont/New York U.S. and the Richelieu River in the province of Quebec Canada prompted the U.S. and Canadian governments to work together to identify how flood forecasting, preparedness and mitigation can be improved  in the Lake Champlain-Richelieu River (LCRR) basin.

a birder on a bridge looking at the birds
Date Published: July 26, 2016
Status: Active

HDgov: Multi-agency Website for Human Dimensions of Natural Resources

HDgov is an interactive and mobile-responsive online portal to interagency, academic, and non-government resources focused on the human dimensions of natural resource management. The web portal provides easy access to tools, publications, data, and methods that help ensure that the people side of natural resources is considered throughout the entire natural resource management process. The...

A crowd of people in a National Park.
Date Published: July 26, 2016
Status: Active

National Park Service Visitor Spending Effects

The National Park Service (NPS) manages the Nation’s most iconic destinations that attract millions of visitors from across the Nation and around the world. Trip-related spending by NPS visitors generates and supports a considerable amount of economic activity within park gateway communities. USGS economists collaborate with the National Park Service social science program to estimate NPS...

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Web Application
/data-tools/streamstats-new-england-states-and-nation

StreamStats for New England states and the Nation

A StreamStats map image of the eastern United States
May 2, 2018

Interactively identify a watershed boundary and obtain detailed streamflow statistics.

For an introduction to StreamStats click HERE

Water
/data-tools/surface-water-data-vermont

Surface-water data for Vermont

Example NWIS graph of real-time streamflow monitoring
April 23, 2018

Real-time, daily, peak-flow, field measurements, and statistics of current and historical data that describe stream levels, streamflow (discharge), reservoir and lake levels, surface-water quality, and rainfall in Vermont. Surface-water data are collected and stored as either discrete field-water-level measurements or as continuous time-series data from automated recorders.

Water
/data-tools/groundwater-data-vermont

Groundwater data for Vermont

Example NWIS graph of real-time groundwater-level monitoring
April 18, 2018

Data from wells, springs, test holes, tunnels, drains, and excavations in Vermont; well location data includes information such as latitude and longitude, well depth, and aquifer. Groundwater level data are collected and stored as either discrete field-water-level measurements or as continuous time-series data from automated recorders.

Water
/data-tools/water-quality-data-vermont

Water-quality data for Vermont

Example NWIS graph of real-time water-quality monitoring
April 13, 2018

Chemical, physical, and biological properties of water, sediment, and tissue samples from Vermont. Water-quality data are collected as either discrete field measurements or as continuous time-series data from automated recorders that continuously record physical and chemical characteristics including pH, specific conductance, temperature, and dissolved oxygen.

Other
/data-tools/water-use-data-vermont

Water Use Data for Vermont

Pie chart showing Wisconsin total water withdrawals by water-use category, excluding thermoelectric-power generation, 2010
April 9, 2018

Water-use data is collected by area type (state, county, watershed, or aquifer) and source (such as rivers or groundwater), and category (such as public supply or irrigation). Water-use data has been reported every five years since 1950. The USGS works in cooperation with local, State, and Federal agencies as well as academic and private organizations to collect and report withdrawals.

Water
/data-tools/national-water-information-system-web-interface-nwisweb-0

National Water Information System web interface (NWISweb)

Application screenshot thumbnail
September 1, 2017

The National Water Information System (NWIS) web application provides access to real-time and historical surface-water, groundwater, water-quality, and water-use data collected at approximately 1.5 million sites across all 50 states.

Web Application
/data-tools/national-water-information-system-nwis-mapper-0

National Water Information System (NWIS) Mapper

Screenshot of USGS National Water Information System (NWIS) mapper
August 30, 2017

The NWIS mapper provides access to over 1.5 million sites contained in the USGS National Water Information System (NWIS), including sites where current and historical surface-water, groundwater, springs, and atmospheric data has been collected. Users can search by site type, data type, site number, or place.

Science Datasets
/data-tools/estimates-annual-and-daily-concentration-and-flux-nutrients-chloride-and-total-suspended

Estimates of annual and daily concentration and flux of nutrients, chloride, and total suspended solids in tributaries of Lake Champlain, 1990 through 2014

Screenshot of the map showing area near the Lake Champlain Vermont
May 3, 2016

This USGS data release presents tabular data of daily and annual (for the 9-month period March 1 through November 30) estimates of concentrations and fluxes of total and dissolved phosphorus, total nitrogen, chloride, and total suspended solids for 18 monitored tributaries of Lake Champlain.

GIS Data
/data-tools/structures-data

Structures Data

Structure datasets for the nation from The National Map
April 20, 2016

USGS data portray selected structures data, including the location and characteristics of manmade facilities. Characteristics consist of a structure's physical form (footprint), function, name, location, and detailed information about the structure. The types of structures collected are largely determined by the needs of the disaster planning and response and homeland security organizations.

GIS Data
/data-tools/boundaries

Boundaries Data

Boundaries datasets for the nation from The National Map.
April 19, 2016

Boundaries data or governmental units represent major civil areas including states, counties, Federal, and Native American lands, and incorporated places such as cities and towns.

GIS Data
/data-tools/hydrography-data

Hydrography Data

Illustration related to the the river corridor
April 19, 2016

The National Hydrography Dataset (NHD) and Watershed Boundary Dataset (WBD) are used to portray surface water on The National Map.

GIS Data
/data-tools/united-states-interagency-elevation-inventory-usiei

The United States Interagency Elevation Inventory (USIEI)

3D Lidar Point Cloud Image of San Francisco Bay and Golden Gate Bridge
April 19, 2016

The USIEI is a comprehensive, nationwide listing of known high-accuracy topographic and bathymetric data for the United States and its territories. The project is a collaborative effort of the USGS and NOAA with contributions from other federal agencies. The inventory supports the 3D Elevation Program and the Integrated Ocean and Coastal Mapping effort. This resource is updated in Spring and Fall.

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New England Water Conditions Map
October 30, 2018

New England Current Water Conditions (Groundwater, Surface Water and Water-Quality) Maps

Example of StreamStats drainage basin delineation Illustration
October 21, 2018

StreamStats is a Web-based Geographic Information Systems (GIS) application that provides users with access to an assortment of analytical tools that are useful for a variety of water-resources planning and management purposes.

Screenshot of the map showing part of New England
October 19, 2018

Maps of flood and high flow conditions within New England

Digital Elevation Model in the Atchafalaya Basin, LA
April 19, 2016

The 3DEP products and services available through The National Map consist of standard digital elevation models (DEMs) at various horizontal resolutions, elevation source and associated datasets, an elevation point query service and bulk point query service. All 3DEP products are available, free of charge and without use restrictions.

USGS Storm-Tide Mapper and Data Services
March 8, 2016

The USGS Storm Tide Mapper is a tool for viewing, analyzing, and accessing storm tide data collected during and after hurricanes and Nor’easters. The USGS Storm Tide Mapper will continue to provide a unified and consistent source of real-time and archived storm-tide data.

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Year Published: 2016

Historical files from Federal Government mineral exploration-assistance programs, 1950 to 1974

The Defense Minerals Administration (DMA), Defense Minerals Exploration Administration (DMEA), and Office of Minerals Exploration (OME) mineral exploration programs were active over the period 1950–1974. Under these programs, the Federal Government contributed financial assistance in the exploration for certain strategic and critical minerals. The...

Frank, David G.
Frank, D.G., 2016, Historical files from Federal Government mineral exploration-assistance programs, 1950 to 1974: U.S. Geological Survey Data Series 1004, http://dx.doi.org/10.3133/ds1004.

Year Published: 2011

Predicting carnivore occurrence with noninvasive surveys and occupancy modeling

Terrestrial carnivores typically have large home ranges and exist at low population densities, thus presenting challenges to wildlife researchers. We employed multiple, noninvasive survey methods—scat detection dogs, remote cameras, and hair snares—to collect detection–nondetection data for elusive American black bears (Ursus...

Long, Robert A.; Donovan, Therese M.; MacKay, Paula; Zielinski, William J.; Buzas, Jeffrey S.
Predicting carnivore occurrence with noninvasive surveys and occupancy modeling; 2011; Article; Journal; Landscape Ecology; Long, R. A.; Donovan, T. M.; MacKay, P.; Zielinski, W. J.; Buzas, J. S.

Year Published: 2010

Estimated water withdrawals and return flows in Vermont in 2005 and 2020

In 2005, about 12 percent of total water withdrawals (440 million gallons per day (Mgal/d)) in Vermont were from groundwater sources (51 Mgal/d), and about 88 percent were from surface-water sources (389 Mgal/d). Of total water withdrawals, about 78 percent were used for cooling at a power plant, 9 percent were withdrawn by public suppliers, about...

Medalie, Laura; Horn, Marilee A.
Estimated water withdrawals and return flows in Vermont in 2005 and 2020; 2010; SIR; 2010-5053; Medalie, Laura; Horn, Marilee, A.

Year Published: 2010

Scale-dependent mechanisms of habitat selection for a migratory passerine: an experimental approach

Habitat selection theory predicts that individuals choose breeding habitats that maximize fitness returns on the basis of indirect environmental cues at multiple spatial scales. We performed a 3-year field experiment to evaluate five alternative hypotheses regarding whether individuals choose breeding territories in heterogeneous landscapes on the...

Donovan, Therese M.; Cornell, Kerri L.

Year Published: 1996

Estimated withdrawals and use of freshwater in Vermont, 1990

Estimated freshwater withdrawals during 1990 in Vermont totaled about 632 million gallons per day. The largest withdrawals were for thermoelectric- power generation (82 percent), industrial use (7 percent), and public supply (6 percent). Most withdrawals, 587 million gallons per day, were made from surface-water sources as compared to 44.9 million...

Horn, M.A.; Medalie, Laura
Estimated withdrawals and use of freshwater in Vermont, 1990; 1996; WRI; 93-4097; Horn, M. A.; Medalie, Laura

Year Published: 1990

National water summary 1987: Hydrologic events and water supply and use

Water use in the United States, as measured by freshwater withdrawals in 1985, averaged 338,000 Mgal/d (million gallons per day), which is enough water to cover the 48 conterminous States to a depth of about 2.4 inches. Only 92,300 Mgal/d, or 27.3 percent of the water withdrawn, was consumptive use and thus lost to immediate further use; the...

Carr, Jerry E.; Chase, Edith B.; Paulson, Richard W.; Moody, David W.
Attribution: Water, Central Midwest Water Science Center, Dakota Water Science Center, , , Kansas Water Science Center, Minnesota Water Science Center, Pennsylvania Water Science Center, Texas Water Science Center, Utah Water Science Center, Wisconsin Water Science Center, Water Resources, Water Availability and Use Science Program, Alabama, Alaska, Arizona, Arkansas, California, Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Hawaii, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, North Carolina, North Dakota, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Puerto Rico, Rhode Island, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, U.S. Virgin Islands, Utah, Vermont, Virginia, Washington, West Virginia, Wisconsin, Wyoming, United States of America
National water summary 1987: hydrologic events and water supply and use; 1990; WSP; 2350; Carr, Jerry E.; Chase, Edith B.; Paulson, Richard W.; Moody, David W.

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USGS
January 16, 2012

Overview

The Connecticut River UnImpacted Streamflow Estimation (CRUISE) tool combines the utility of catchment delineation at any location along a stream with the estimation and serving of daily streamflow information. The CRUISE tool is freely-available and requires only an internet connection and Microsoft Excel version 2000 or higher. 

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Image from an application that navigates users through USGS National Oil and Gas Assessment Provinces
November 14, 2018

National Oil and Gas Assessment Provinces

This is a graphic from the USGS National Oil and Gas Assessment Explorer application, which allows user to drill into 70 oil and gas assessment provinces throughout the United States.

Leaf litter removal practices
October 30, 2017

Leaf litter removal practices

Leaf litter removal practices in Vermont

Image shows a tall, triangular gray stone surrounded by grass and trees
July 20, 2016

Barre Granite

Granite is an igneous rock that we’ve used for building materials for thousands of years. It’s name comes from the Latin word “granum,” meaning “grain,” which refers to the grains of quartz and feldspar that define granite. This one is from the Barre formation in Vermont.

USGS
October 10, 2018

Internship: Digging into watershed dissolved organic carbon (DOC) proc

Opening the black box -- digging into watershed dissolved organic carbon (DOC) processes to interpret DOC dynamics at the outlet

Summary: As a leading team in stream sensor application, we welcome a GRIP intern to help expand our focus on DOC quality. The intern will have free experimental reign in an established research watershed with great opportunities to

New England Newsletter Spring 2018 cover
March 22, 2018

New England Newsletter - Spring 2018

Spring 2018 WaterMarks continues a regular series of newsletters from the USGS New England Water Science Center to cooperating agencies, collaborators, and others interested our work. This issue features:

  •  Links to new reports and journal articles by our staff
  •  Current hydrologic conditions, with a focus on winter ice in streams 
  •  Highlights
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New England Newsletter Spring 2018 cover
March 22, 2018

Spring 2018 WaterMarks continues a regular series of newsletters from the USGS New England Water Science Center to cooperating agencies, collaborators, and others interested our work. This issue features:

  •  Links to new reports and journal articles by our staff
  •  Current hydrologic conditions, with a focus on winter ice in streams 
  •  Highlights of several new interpretive studies 
Measuring high water mark - blizzard of January 2018 in New England
January 15, 2018

Significant flooding along the coast of Massachusetts occurred Thursday, January 4, 2018, caused by a powerful blizzard.  Peak storm surge of approximately 3.00 feet occurred at the astro high tide; and, according to the National Weather Service, is the highest since records began at the Boston tide station in 1921. 

Image shows a geologic map of the Lower 48
August 21, 2017

A carbonatite here, a glacial moraine there, a zig-zagging fault or two, even a behemoth of a batholith. The geology of the 50 States is an enormous patchwork of varied forms, beautiful in their variance but challenging to present as a single map.

Scientists deploy high-tech buoy in Lake Winnipesaukee
June 27, 2016

A high-tech buoy that monitors water quality in real time was just installed in one of New England’s most popular lakes, where in the future it will help with determining when swimmers should and shouldn’t be in the water. 

Map of the 48 contiguous states showing Microcystin concentrations
May 31, 2016

First-of-its-kind survey shows that algal toxins are found nationwide

USGS
December 1, 2015

A newly published, three-volume “Remote Sensing Handbook” is a comprehensive coverage of all remote sensing topics written by over 300 leading global experts.

Planned US Topo map production schedule for the next three- year revision cycle
November 19, 2015

With the release of new US Topo maps for Illinois and South Dakota, the USGS has completed the second, three-year cycle of revising and updating electronic US Topo quadrangles. This means that since late 2009, the USGS has published nearly every map in the conterminous U.S., twice.

USGS science for a changing world logo
November 4, 2015

Soil acidification from acid rain that is harmful to plant and aquatic life has now begun to reverse in forests of the northeastern United States and eastern Canada, according to an American-Canadian collaboration of five institutions led by the U.S. Geological Survey.

2015 version of the Mount Washington, New Hampshire with orthoimage turned off
July 30, 2015

Several of the new US Topo quadrangles for New Hampshire and Vermont now display parts of the Appalachian National Scenic Trail (A.T.) and other selected public trails.

USGS
June 29, 2015

Interior Department’s Northeast Climate Science Center has released a report today synthesizing the latest information on the vulnerability of species and ecosystems to climate change in a 22-state region in the Northeast and Midwest U.S.

Crowdsourced Earthquake Warnings illustration
April 10, 2015

MENLO PARK, Calif.— Smartphones and other personal electronic devices could, in regions where they are in widespread use, function as early warning systems for large earthquakes according to newly reported research.

Crowdsourced Earthquake Warnings illustration
April 10, 2015

MENLO PARK, California — Los teléfonos móviles y otros dispositivos electrónicos personales podrían ayudar en las regiones donde se encuentran en uso generalizado, y pueden funcionar como sistemas de alerta para terremotos mayor según la nueva investigación científica recien publicada.

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