Zooplankton samples were collected at one site upstream of the Yolo Bypass in Northern California, three sites within the Bypass, and at a comparison site on the Sacramento River below the city of Sacramento and analyzed for a large suite of current-use pesticides and degradates. Samples were collected every two weeks from early August 2021 to mid-October 2021. Samples were collected by towing a 150-micron conical plankton net for 5 minutes by boat at each site. In the laboratory, zooplankton samples were filtered through a 63-micrometer sieve to separate the zooplankton and vegetation/detritus from the water. Large sticks, twigs, rocks, and leaves were rinsed with organic free water into the sieve and then discarded. The remaining mass in the sieve was transferred into 50 milliliter plastic centrifuge tubes, frozen overnight at -20 degrees Celsius, dehydrated completely using a freeze dryer, and then stored at -20 degrees Celsius. Immediately prior to analysis, each freeze-dried sample was homogenized and sub-sampled to a targeted final weight of 0.5 grams. Sub-samples were further homogenized with magnesium sulfate and extracted with acetonitrile at 100 degrees Celsius using an EDGE Automated Extraction System. Extracts were cleaned up using activated carbon and evaporated to 200 microliters in acetonitrile. Each sample had internal standards added, and was analyzed by gas chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry for 29 pesticides and by liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry for 137 pesticides. A total of 18 pesticides were detected in the zooplankton samples, and 25 of the 31 samples collected contained multiple pesticides (maximum of 12 per sample). The most frequently detected compounds in zooplankton were azoxystrobin, bifenthrin, fluridone, p,p’-DDD, p,p’-DDE, permethrin, and thiobencarb.
|Title||Pesticide Concentrations Measured in Zooplankton Samples Collected from the Sacramento River and Yolo Bypass, California, 2021|
|Authors||James L Orlando, Michelle L Hladik, Corey J Sanders, Matthew D De Parsia, Elisabeth M LaBarbera, Michael S Gross, Matthew Uychutin|
|Product Type||Data Release|
|Record Source||USGS Digital Object Identifier Catalog|
|USGS Organization||California Water Science Center|