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Hydrologic modeling and river corridor applications of HY_Features concepts

March 6, 2023

The WaterML2: Part 3 - Surface Hydrology Features (HY_Features) Conceptual Model was published by OGC in 2018. This report documents the use of HY_Features concepts in support of two key tasks: (1) local to continental hydrologic modeling; and (2) referencing river corridor data to hydrographic networks. The presented use cases are applicable in hydroscience research and assessments, water resources engineering practices, and drought and flood responses.

Before the HY_Features conceptual model there was no internationally recognized standard for the design of software and data for the hydroscience and engineering community. This report presents progress towards a logical data model that interprets the abstract HY_Features concepts for use in geospatial workflows, modeling applications, and web data systems that integrate hydrologic data.

The use cases addressed include: (1) hydrologic model control volume definition; (2) hydrologic network connectivity; (3) characterization of catchments with landscape and atmospheric data; (4) river corridor characterization; (5) hydrologic location; and (6) flow network location. Each use case is described briefly along with an analysis of the information requirements. This report presents a summary of the logical model designed to satisfy the needs of these use cases and a summary of updates and changes proposed for HY_Features.

Changes for consideration by the HY_Features Standards Working Group include the following.

  1. Provide more clarity on the inherited properties and associations of features that "realize" the catchment and nexus concepts from HY_Features.

  2. Add nexus realization feature types to represent the outlet of catchments that are "frontal" (terminate to the ocean or a large waterbody) or "inland sinks."

  3. Add a "HY_Flowline" feature as a superclass of HY_Flowpath providing linear referencing on waterbodies that are not catchment realizations.

  4. Add an association or interface to support connection between surface catchments and hydrogeologic units.

Publication Year 2023
Title Hydrologic modeling and river corridor applications of HY_Features concepts
Authors David L. Blodgett, J. Michael Johnson, Andrew R. Bock, Jessica Z. LeRoy, Martin R Wernimont
Publication Type Report
Publication Subtype Organization Series
Series Title OGC Public Engineering Report
Index ID 70243327
Record Source USGS Publications Warehouse
USGS Organization WMA - Integrated Modeling and Prediction Division