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Surficial geologic map of the Gates of the Arctic National Park and Preserve, Alaska

January 1, 2011

The Gates of the Arctic National Park and Preserve (GAAR) is centered over the central Brooks Range of northern Alaska. To the west, it abuts the Noatak National Preserve; its eastern boundary is the transportation corridor occupied by the Dalton Highway and the Alyeska Pipeline. The GAAR extends northward beyond the northern flank of the Brooks Range into the southern Arctic Foothills. Its southern boundary lies beyond the south flank of the Brooks Range within foothills and depositional basins of interior Alaska. The accompanying surficial geologic map covers all of the GAAR with the addition of a 10-km (6.2-mi) belt or "buffer zone" beyond its boundaries. A narrower (5-km) buffer zone is employed where the GAAR extends farthest north and south of the Brooks Range, in the north-central and southwestern parts of the map area, respectively.

The surfical geologic map incorporates parts of ten surficial geologic maps previously published at 1:250,000 scale. In addition, a small part of the buffer zone mapped in the southwest corner of the map area was compiled from unpublished surficial geologic mapping of the Shungnak 1:250,000-scale quadrangle. Each of those individual maps was developed from (1) aerial and surface observations of morphology and composition of unconsolidated deposits, (2) tracing the distribution and interrelation of terraces, abandoned meltwater channels, moraines, abandoned lake beds, and other landforms, (3) stratigraphic study of exposures along lake shores and river bluffs, (4) examination of sediments and soil profiles in auger borings and test pits, and exposed in roadcuts and placer workings, and (5) analysis of previously published geologic maps and reports. The map units used for those maps and employed in the present compilation are defined on the basis of their physical character, genesis, and age. Relative and absolute ages of the map units were determined from their geographic locations and from their stratigraphic positions and radiocarbon ages.

Publication Year 2011
Title Surficial geologic map of the Gates of the Arctic National Park and Preserve, Alaska
DOI 10.3133/sim3125
Authors Thomas D. Hamilton, Keith A. Labay
Publication Type Report
Publication Subtype USGS Numbered Series
Series Title Scientific Investigations Map
Series Number 3125
Index ID sim3125
Record Source USGS Publications Warehouse
USGS Organization Alaska Science Center